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River Valley Study Guide

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  • 1. RIVER VALLEY STUDY GUIDE Answer Key
  • 2. QUESTIONS
    • 1. The region of Mesopotamia was between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
    • 2. The people of the early civilizations learned to deal w/ droughts and flooding by inventing irrigation .
    • 3. Most people in early river valley civilizations believed that the gods controlled all human and natural activities.
    • 4. The first written code of law was Hammurabi’s Code of Laws.
  • 3. QUESTIONS
    • 5. List the characteristics of a civilization.
    • A complex society with religion, class divisions, writing system, art, organized government, and cities
    • 6. The Israelite faith is known today as Judaism.
    • 7. The idea that laws should apply equally to everyone is known as rule of law.
    • 8. The Phoenicians are most famous for spreading the alphabet.
  • 4. QUESTIONS
    • 9.The people of the early river valley civilizations used the rivers for a variety of purposes. List at least five.
    • They used the rivers for irrigation, travel, trade, drinking, bathing, and many other purposes.
    • 10. Why was the geography of Egypt so important in its development as a major center of trade? How did geography help protect the Egyptians?
    • The Nile River made it easy for Egyptians to travel within the kingdom, while the Med. Sea allows them to travel with other civilizations. The deserts , cataracts, and delta also served as a barrier to prevent enemies from invading with an army.
  • 5. QUESTIONS
    • 11.What are some of the irrigation techniques the different civilizations used? List examples. They used techniques including dams, canals, ditches, levees, and shadoofs(Egypt.)
    • 12. Siddhartha Gautama was the founder of Buddhism.
    • 13. The caste system determined a person’s job, social group, and marriage.
    • 14. Which religion used the Eightfold Path to stop suffering? Buddhism
  • 6. QUESTIONS
    • 15. What are the Four Noble Truths, and who uses them?
      • Four Noble Truths – Buddhism
        • Life is full of suffering
        • People suffer because they desire worldly things, and self-satisfaction
        • The way to end suffering to stop desiring
        • The only way to stop desiring things to follow the Eightfold Path
    • 16. The Golden Age of India was during the Gupta Empire.
  • 7. QUESTIONS
    • 17. Taoism encouraged people to lead a simple life and live close to nature.
    • 18. Qin Shi Huang Di united China and based his rule on the ideas of Legalism.
    • 19. List the products that China exported(sent out) on the Silk Road.
    • Cinnamon, silk, copper, gold, and ginger
    • 20. The Zhou kings claimed this gave them the right to rule. Mandate of Heaven
    • 21. What was a nickname for the Yellow River? China’s Joy and China’s Sorrow
  • 8. QUESTIONS
    • 22.Draw the social pyramid of China.
    • Land-owning aristocrats
    • Farmers(90% of China’s pop.)
    • Merchants, trader, bankers
    • 23. This philosophy taught that people would do well if everyone did his/her duty to the family and government. Confucianism
    • 24. Why did the Chinese worship their ancestors? They thought their ancestors could protect them, watch them to guide their family descendants, and punish them if they did something wrong.
  • 9. QUESTIONS
    • 25. Describe the Silk Road. A large network of trade routes that stretched over 4,000 miles from China to Southwest Asia. Some of the main items traded by the Chinese included silk, tea, and spices.
    • 26. What helped ideas spread around the world? Trade
    • 27. Contributions
      • Sumerians – wheel, plow, sailboat, # system based on 60, cuneiform, 360 day calendar
      • Egyptians - shadoof, papyrus, hieroglyphics, # system based on 10, mummification, adv. in mathematics, 365 day calendar
      • Shang – silk, jade, bronze, oracle bones
      • Harappa - 1 st planned cities, sanitation system, 1 st to grow cotton
  • 10. RIVER VALLEY CHART (#29)
    • Mesopotamia
    • Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys
    • wheel, plow, sailboat, # system based on 60, cuneiform, irrigation, 1 st code of laws
    • Egypt
    • Nile River Valley
    • papyrus, advances in medicine, pyramids, # system based on 10, shadoof, hieroglyphics, theocracy, pharaohs
    • Harappa
    • Indus River Valley
    • 1 st to grow cotton, 1 st planned cities, sanitation(plumbing)
    • Shang
    • Huang He River Valley
    • silk, jade, bronze, oracle bones, ancestor worship