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River Valley Study Guide
 

River Valley Study Guide

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    River Valley Study Guide River Valley Study Guide Presentation Transcript

    • RIVER VALLEY STUDY GUIDE Answer Key
    • QUESTIONS
      • 1. The region of Mesopotamia was between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
      • 2. The people of the early civilizations learned to deal w/ droughts and flooding by inventing irrigation .
      • 3. Most people in early river valley civilizations believed that the gods controlled all human and natural activities.
      • 4. The first written code of law was Hammurabi’s Code of Laws.
    • QUESTIONS
      • 5. List the characteristics of a civilization.
      • A complex society with religion, class divisions, writing system, art, organized government, and cities
      • 6. The Israelite faith is known today as Judaism.
      • 7. The idea that laws should apply equally to everyone is known as rule of law.
      • 8. The Phoenicians are most famous for spreading the alphabet.
    • QUESTIONS
      • 9.The people of the early river valley civilizations used the rivers for a variety of purposes. List at least five.
      • They used the rivers for irrigation, travel, trade, drinking, bathing, and many other purposes.
      • 10. Why was the geography of Egypt so important in its development as a major center of trade? How did geography help protect the Egyptians?
      • The Nile River made it easy for Egyptians to travel within the kingdom, while the Med. Sea allows them to travel with other civilizations. The deserts , cataracts, and delta also served as a barrier to prevent enemies from invading with an army.
    • QUESTIONS
      • 11.What are some of the irrigation techniques the different civilizations used? List examples. They used techniques including dams, canals, ditches, levees, and shadoofs(Egypt.)
      • 12. Siddhartha Gautama was the founder of Buddhism.
      • 13. The caste system determined a person’s job, social group, and marriage.
      • 14. Which religion used the Eightfold Path to stop suffering? Buddhism
    • QUESTIONS
      • 15. What are the Four Noble Truths, and who uses them?
        • Four Noble Truths – Buddhism
          • Life is full of suffering
          • People suffer because they desire worldly things, and self-satisfaction
          • The way to end suffering to stop desiring
          • The only way to stop desiring things to follow the Eightfold Path
      • 16. The Golden Age of India was during the Gupta Empire.
    • QUESTIONS
      • 17. Taoism encouraged people to lead a simple life and live close to nature.
      • 18. Qin Shi Huang Di united China and based his rule on the ideas of Legalism.
      • 19. List the products that China exported(sent out) on the Silk Road.
      • Cinnamon, silk, copper, gold, and ginger
      • 20. The Zhou kings claimed this gave them the right to rule. Mandate of Heaven
      • 21. What was a nickname for the Yellow River? China’s Joy and China’s Sorrow
    • QUESTIONS
      • 22.Draw the social pyramid of China.
      • Land-owning aristocrats
      • Farmers(90% of China’s pop.)
      • Merchants, trader, bankers
      • 23. This philosophy taught that people would do well if everyone did his/her duty to the family and government. Confucianism
      • 24. Why did the Chinese worship their ancestors? They thought their ancestors could protect them, watch them to guide their family descendants, and punish them if they did something wrong.
    • QUESTIONS
      • 25. Describe the Silk Road. A large network of trade routes that stretched over 4,000 miles from China to Southwest Asia. Some of the main items traded by the Chinese included silk, tea, and spices.
      • 26. What helped ideas spread around the world? Trade
      • 27. Contributions
        • Sumerians – wheel, plow, sailboat, # system based on 60, cuneiform, 360 day calendar
        • Egyptians - shadoof, papyrus, hieroglyphics, # system based on 10, mummification, adv. in mathematics, 365 day calendar
        • Shang – silk, jade, bronze, oracle bones
        • Harappa - 1 st planned cities, sanitation system, 1 st to grow cotton
    • RIVER VALLEY CHART (#29)
      • Mesopotamia
      • Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys
      • wheel, plow, sailboat, # system based on 60, cuneiform, irrigation, 1 st code of laws
      • Egypt
      • Nile River Valley
      • papyrus, advances in medicine, pyramids, # system based on 10, shadoof, hieroglyphics, theocracy, pharaohs
      • Harappa
      • Indus River Valley
      • 1 st to grow cotton, 1 st planned cities, sanitation(plumbing)
      • Shang
      • Huang He River Valley
      • silk, jade, bronze, oracle bones, ancestor worship