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Chapter Six Section 2 SG (Accel.)
 

Chapter Six Section 2 SG (Accel.)

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    Chapter Six Section 2 SG (Accel.) Chapter Six Section 2 SG (Accel.) Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Six: Early India Section Two Hinduism and Buddhism
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Siddartha Gautama
      • Born 530 BC
      • Founder of Buddhism
      • Known as Buddha or “enlightened one”
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Dalai Lama
      • Lama or Buddhist leader who headed the government and is considered the reincarnation of the Buddha
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Nepal
      • Small kingdom near the Himalaya mountains
      • Home of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama)
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Tibet
      • A country in Central Asia where Mahayana Buddhism began
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Reincarnation
      • The idea of being born into many lives (never dying) to reach the Brahman level of Hindu society
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Dharma
      • Divine law that requires people to do the duty of their jati (level in the caste system)
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Karma
      • The consequences of how a person lives in relation to their dharma (duty)
    • Chapter 6 Section 2 Vocabulary
      • Nirvana
      • Not a place but a state of wisdom that a person reaches if he gives up all desires
    • Beginning Location
      • Hinduism
      • India
      • Buddhism
      • Small kingdom near the Himalaya
      • now present-day southern Nepal
    • Date Founded
      • Hinduism
      • 1500 B.C.E. (approximate)
      • Buddhism
      • 600 B.C.E. (approximate)
    • Founder
      • Hinduism
      • The Aryans
      • Buddhism
      • Siddhartha Gautama
      • (“The Buddha” also called “The
      • Enlightened One”)
    • Major Deity/Deities (gods) (not on study guide)
      • Hinduism
      • Brahma
      • (Other deities include Vishnu, Shiva, and
      • Krishna)
      • Buddhism
      • The Buddha
    • Holy Book
      • Hinduism
      • Upanishads and Rig Vedas
      • Buddhism
      • Four Noble Truths
      • Eight Fold Path
    • Holy City
      • Hinduism
      • Varanasi
      • Buddhism
      • None (Lhasa is now considered “holy” because it is
      • the home of the Dalai Lama.) Some cities are
      • considered “holy” based upon The Buddha’s life.
    • Most Important Teachings of Hinduism
      • Karma:
      • The good or bad energy a person builds up based upon whether or not he or she has lived a good life.
      • If Hindus have done their duty and lived a good life then they will have good karma and will move closer to Brahma.
      • (continued)
    • Most Important Teachings of Hinduism
      • Reincarnation:
      • In Hinduism, the rebirth of the soul or spirit in different bodies over time.
      • (continued)
    • Most Important Teachings of Hinduism
      • Dharma:
      • In Hinduism, it is the divine law that requires
      • people to perform the duties within their
      • caste so that they may earn the reward
      • of a better life in the next life.
      • (continued)
    • Most Important Teachings of Hinduism
      • Religion is not one set of particular beliefs, but how they choose to worship.
      • A Way of life
    • Most Important Teachings of Buddhism
      • Nirvana
      • The Four Noble Truths
      • The Eightfold Path
    • Most Important Teachings of Buddhism
      • Nirvana
      • Nirvana is a state of wisdom that a
      • Buddhist achieves when he or she has
      • given up all desires for worldly things.
      • If one does this, then pain and sorrow
      • will vanish.
    • Most Important Teachings of Buddhism
      • The Four Noble Truths
      • Life is full of suffering.
      • People suffer because they
      • desire worldly things and self-
      • satisfaction.
      • (continued)
    • Most Important Teachings of Buddhism
      • The Four Noble Truths (continued)
      • (Previous slide)
      • (Previous slide)
      • The way to end suffering is to stop desiring things.
      • The only way to stop desiring things is to follow the Eightfold Path.
      • (continued)
    • Most Important Teachings of Buddhism
      • The Eightfold Path
      • Know and understand The Four Noble Truths.
      • Give up worldly things and don’t harm others.
      • Tell the truth, don’t gossip, and don’t speak badly of others.
      • (continued)
    • Most Important Teachings of Buddhism
      • The Eightfold Path
      • Don’t commit evil acts like killing
      • stealing, or living an unclean life.
      • Do rewarding work.
      • Work for good and oppose evil.
      • (continued)
    • Most Important Teachings of Buddhism
      • The Eightfold Path
      • Make sure your mind keeps your senses under control.
      • Practice meditation as a way to understand reality.
    • How did the religion spread? Hinduism
      • As India’s population grew and
      • spread, so did Hinduism.
    • How did the religion spread? Buddhism
      • Buddhist teachers and
      • merchants spread their ideas of
      • Buddhism throughout south
      • eastern Asia.
    • Describe how Mahayana Buddhism differs from traditional Buddhism.
      • They worship Buddha as a person who came to save people
      • They feel that the Eight Fold Path is too hard to follow and they will go to heaven and then be able to follow the Eight Fold Path to reach nirvana
      • They appreciate the bodhisattvas, a group of enlightened people who have reached nirvana, but stay on earth to help people.