Chapter 7 section 1


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Chapter 7 section 1

  1. 1. Ancient China Section 1 Vocabulary and Questions
  2. 2. People <ul><li>Wu Wang </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led a rebellion against the Shang; founder of the Zhou dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fu Hao </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st female military general, high priestess, and wife of Wu Ding </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Places <ul><li>Huang He </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as the Yellow River for the rich yellow soil (loess) it carries, it flows for almost 3000 miles, and floods each year, causing destruction throughout China in addition to fertilizing the land ( China’s Sorrow and China’s Joy) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chiang Jiang </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as the Yangtze, this river flows for over 3000 miles. It also floods, bringing both rich soil and destruction to the land. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Places Continued <ul><li>Anyang </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City located in northern China; first capital city of China </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Define <ul><li>dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Line of rulers from the same family </li></ul></ul><ul><li>aristocrat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>upper class of nobles; wealth comes from land owned, passed their power from one generation to the next </li></ul></ul><ul><li>pictograph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>characters in early Chinese writing that stood for objects </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Define <ul><li>ideograph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a character that joins 2 or more pictographs to represent an idea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a group of appointed officials responsible for different areas of government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>mandate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a formal order (i.e., Mandate of Heaven) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Define <ul><li>Dao </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ the proper way” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese kings were expected to rule under the Mandate of Heaven </li></ul></ul><ul><li>oracle bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the earliest forms of Chinese writings have been found on animal bones and were used to predict the future </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Questions <ul><li>1.1) How was China’s Huang He river like the rivers of early Mesopotamia and Egypt? How was this good or bad for the people of China? </li></ul><ul><li>Like rivers in early Mesopotamia and Egypt, the Huang He river overflowed. This provided rich farmland, but also drowned many and destroyed homes. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1.2) Describe the land features of China and explain the effect they have had on Chinese civilizations. </li></ul><ul><li>China’s land consisted mainly of mountains and deserts, limiting farmland and separating China from the outside world. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>1.3) The religion of ancient China is very different from Christianity. Describe the worship of spirits and ancestors practiced by the early Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>The religion of ancient China included beliefs that they must keep the gods and spirits happy by offering food and other goods. They believed that the spirits of their ancestors were with them constantly. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>1.4) What are Shang artists most famous for? </li></ul><ul><li>Shang artists are most famous for their works of bronze, silk, pottery, and statues made of ivory and jade. </li></ul><ul><li>1.5) Why did the Shang dynasty collapse? </li></ul><ul><li>The Shang dynasty collapsed due to a gap between the rich and poor. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>1.6) How were the the governments of the Shang and the Zhou alike? What was the chief duty of the Chinese kings? </li></ul><ul><li>The Shang and Zhao governments were the same in that both ruled with a king as head of the government with a large bureaucracy underneath. Both kings were also in control of defending the kingdom. Both divided their kingdoms into provinces ruled by aristocrats. ( continued on next slide) </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>1.6 continued) </li></ul><ul><li>They were different in that the Zhou kings claimed they ruled due to the Mandate of Heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>1.7) Why did the Zhou empire collapse? </li></ul><ul><li>The Zhou kingdom collapsed due to the people disobeying the kings, creating their own states, and fighting amongst one another. This period was known as the Warring States. </li></ul>