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Chapter 4 vocabulary
 

Chapter 4 vocabulary

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    Chapter 4 vocabulary Chapter 4 vocabulary Presentation Transcript

    • Vocabulary, People and Places
      • Agamemnon-
      • Mycenaean king who won the Trojan War
      • Places
      • Crete
      • Minoan civilization was located here, on this island southeast of the Greek mainland
      • Mycenae
      • ancient city in Greece, home of one of the first civilizations of Greece
      • Peloponnesus
      • southern peninsula of Greece; Sparta is located on this peninsula
      • Peninsula
      • body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
      • Colonies
      • a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties to its homeland
      • Polis
      • Greek city-state, or the town and the surrounding countryside
      • Agora
      • open area or marketplace
      • Citizen
      • members of a political community who treat each other as equals and who have rights and responsibilities
      • Hoplite
      • ordinary citizens who served as soldiers
      • Acropolis
      • fortified area, usually at the top of a hill that provided a safe refuge in case of attacks
      • tyrant
        • Someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority
      • oligarchy
        • Rule by a few
      • democracy
        • a government controlled and run by the people(citizens)
      • helots
        • Captive workers of the Spartans , (name comes from the Greek word for capture)
      • PLACES
      • Sparta
        • City-state in ancient Greece that primarily focused on its military(oligarchy/monarchy)
      • Athens
        • City-state in ancient Greece that was the birthplace of democracy; valued education and the arts
      • Cyrus the Great
      • Ruled from 559 to 530 BCE, he started the Persian Empire and was known for treating his subjects well
      • Darius
      • Ruler of Persian Empire who reorganized it into 20 provinces ( satrapies) to make it run better.
      • Xerxes
      • Son of Darius, he vowed revenge against the Athenians and led the Persians in a new invasion of Greece in 480 BCE
      • Satrapies
      • provinces(20 in number) in ancient Persia, created by Darius to make a more efficient government
      • Satrap
      • ruler of each province, he acted as judge, tax collector, chief of police, and recruiter for the army. All satraps answered to the king.
      • Zoroastrianism
      • -state religion of Persia for over 1000 years
      • -believed in supreme forces of good and evil
      • -believed humans had the right to choose between right and wrong
      • -good will triumph in the end
      • Pericles
        • general of Athens who ran their government successfully for over 30 years. He started rebuilding programs and strengthened Athens.
      • Aspasia
        • close friend of Pericles, she was not a native of Athens. She was a public speaker and had many influential friends
      • Delos
        • island headquarter of the Delian League, which was formed to protect Athens and its other members from Persia
      • Direct democracy
        • people gather at mass meetings to decide on gov’t matters (all citizens can vote on laws and policies)
      • Representative Democracy
        • citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and governmental decisions on their behalf
      • Philosopher
        • thinkers who ponder questions about life