general of Athens who ran their government successfully for over 30 years
people gather at mass meetings to decide on gov’t matters (all citizens can vote on laws and policies)
citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and governmental decisions on their behalf
thinkers who ponder questions about life
1) What is the difference between a direct demo. and a rep. democracy?
In a direct democracy, each citizen can vote on laws and government matters. In a representative democracy, citizens elect a smaller group to vote on such matters for them.
2) Why was direct democracy successful in Athens? Why wouldn’t direct democracy be successful in the United States today?
It was successful in Athens because there was a smaller number of citizens(~34,000) and out of those, only about 6,000 showed up to the meetings held every 10 days.
Our country is too large for a direct democracy to be practical.
What role did slavery play in Athens?
Slaves in Athens did many jobs, and made up a large percentage of the population. Many worked as household servants (cooks, maids, tutors) while others worked in the fields, as skilled workers, and in industry. The economy of Athens was supported by the work of slaves.
4) What caused the lack of trust between Athens and Sparta?
Sparta became more suspicious as Athens became rich and powerful. Because the two societies were so different, they did not understand one another and often did not try. The Delian League (made up of Athens and its allies) also led Sparta to distrust Athens.
5) How did the funeral speech of Pericles inspire the people of Athens?
His speech reminded the people of the power of democracy and gave them the courage to keep on fighting.
6) What effects did the Peloponnesian War have on Greece?
People were without jobs, many had died, and the city-states were unable to unite ever again. The Peloponnesian War weakened all of Greece (victors and losers.) This weakness made them vulnerable to new invasions in the coming years.