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Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
Chapter 4 Section 1
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Chapter 4 Section 1


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  • 1. Chapter 4 Section 1 The Early Greeks
  • 2. People
    • Agamemnon-
    • Mycenaean king who won the Trojan War
    • Dorians-
    • Greek-speaking people who lived in the northern mountains of Greece; brought iron weapons with them
  • 3. Places
    • Mediterranean Sea
    • largest sea located between the continents of Africa, Europe, and Asia; it served as a trade route for the Greeks
    • Crete
    • An island southeast of the Greek mainland and location of the ancient Minoan civilization
  • 4. Places
    • Mycenae
    • ancient city in Greece, home of one of the first civilizations of Greece
    • Peloponnesus
    • southern peninsula of Greece; Sparta is located on this peninsula
  • 5. Define
    • Peninsula
    • body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
    • Colonies
    • a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties to its homeland
    • Polis
    • Greek city-state, or the town and the surrounding countryside
  • 6. Define
    • Agora
    • open area or marketplace
    • Citizen
    • members of a political community who treat each other as equals and who have rights and responsibilities
    • Hoplite
    • ordinary citizens who served as soldiers
  • 7. Define
    • Acropolis
    • fortified area, usually at the top of a hill that provided a safe refuge in case of attacks
  • 8. 1. How did the geography discourage Greek unity?
    • Mountains and seas divided them from one another.
  • 9. 2. What were some explanations about the fall of the Minoans.
    • Undersea earthquakes caused giant waves that washed the civilization away
    • The cities were destroyed by the Mycenaeans
  • 10. 3. What was the Dark Age? What changes took place in Greece during this time?
    • The years between 1100 and 750 BCE, after the Mycenaean civilization collapsed. People forgot how to read and write and the population shifted and moved to different areas.
  • 11. How did new colonies affect industry in Greece?
    • The growth of colonies allowed for more trade, leading to more specialization. (I.e., areas w/ large amounts of clay specialized in pottery.)
  • 12. List the requirements needed to be a citizen of Greece
    • Free
    • Native-born
    • Male
    • (land-owning in some city-states)
  • 13. How did citizenship make the Greeks different from other ancient peoples?
    • Other peoples had no rights, no say in government, and no choice but to obey their rulers.
  • 14. Why did the use of money help trade to grow?
    • Rather than needing other goods in order to trade, you only needed currency, which was more portable than carrying other goods. ( Imagine having to carry around wheat bushels or sheep when you went to the market to use as trade items for clothing you wanted!)