Color power point
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Interior Design Powerpoint

Interior Design Powerpoint

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Color power point Presentation Transcript

  • 1. C O L O R
  • 2. Warm Colors
    • Includes: red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, and yellow
    • Considered engaging, positive, and stimulating
    • They can enclose space
    • If used in large areas colors may create an irritable environment
  • 3.  
  • 4. Cool Colors
    • Blue, blue-green, green, violet, and blue-violet
    • They are generally relaxing and cooling
    • Expand space
    • Possibly perceived as cold and uninviting
  • 5.  
  • 6. Neutral Colors
    • Gray, white, and black
    • These are without hue
    • Hue=color
    • Called achromatic: in Greek means without color
    • White with any small amount of color is considered neutralized
    • They are tranquil and unobtrusive
    • Consequently they may produce feelings of boredom
  • 7.  
  • 8. The Standard Color Wheel
  • 9. Primary Colors
    • Red
    • Yellow
    • Blue
  • 10. Secondary Colors
    • Orange
    • Green
    • Violet
  • 11. Tertiary Colors
    • Yellow-orange
    • Yellow green
    • Blue-green
    • Blue-violet
    • Red-violet
    • Red-orange
  • 12.  
  • 13. Colors Three Dimensions Hue Value Intensity
  • 14. Hue
    • Color name
    • A color can be lightened or darkened
    • Example: using a blue hue
      • Light blue, dark blue, bright blue, grey-blue
      • They are all of a blue hue
  • 15. Value
    • Degree of luminosity
    • Lightness or darkness of a hue
    • Tint=adding white
    • Shade=adding black
    • Tone=adding black and white
  • 16. Intensity
    • Or chroma
    • Is the degree of saturation
    • Describes the brightness or dullness
    • Color’s compliment (color directly across wheel)
  • 17. Creating Color Schemes Achromatic Monotone Monochromatic Analogous Complementary
  • 18. Achromatic
    • Color scheme created using black, white, or variations of grey
    • No identifiable hue
  • 19.  
  • 20. Monotone
    • Created from a color with low chroma
    • Usually neutral colors
    • Accents of stronger chroma may be used in accessories without changing the neutral scheme
  • 21.  
  • 22. Monochromatic
    • Developed from a single hue
    • A range of intensities
    • Different tones and tints are used
    • Enhanced by textures such as wood, metal, stone, glass, and fabrics
    • Patterns are often incorporated
  • 23.  
  • 24. Analogous
    • Any segment of colors that are side by side on the standard color wheel
    • Use a great variety of values and intensities
  • 25.  
  • 26. Direct Compliment
    • Simplest of the contrasting color schemes
    • Any two colors that lie directly opposite each other on the color wheel
    • Used in equal amounts colors clash
  • 27. Split Compliment
    • Three-color scheme composed of any hue plus the two hues next to its compliment
    • For example
      • Yellow is dominant color
        • Red-violet and blue-violet are complimentary colors
  • 28. Triad Complement
    • Another three-color contrasting scheme
    • Any three colors that are equidistant on the color wheel
    • May be neutralized, raised, or lowered in value to produce a tranquil scheme
  • 29. Psychological and Physiological Effects of Colors
  • 30. Feelings and Reactions
    • Red
      • Courage, passion, love, danger, fire, strength
    • Yellow
      • Cowardice, delicate, optimism, warmth, sunlight
    • Orange
      • Cheerfulness, stimulation, sunset
        • When muted may appear cool or refreshing
  • 31.  
  • 32. Feelings and Reactions
    • Blue
      • Honesty, truth, loyalty, sky, masculine
    • Green
      • Envy, safety, peace, passivity, nature, serenity
    • Violet
      • Royalty, snobbery, power, drama, worship
  • 33.  
  • 34. Feelings and Reactions
    • White
      • Purity, cleanliness, sterility, freshness
    • Black
      • Mourning, sorrow, sophistication, mystery, night
    • Brown
      • Earth, wood, warmth, comfort, support
    • Grey
      • Gloom, storm, fog, wisdom, intelligence, high-tech
  • 35.  
  • 36. Multiculturalism and Color
    • Color is an international language
    • Every culture identifies each other with something different
    • It is important to be sensitive to cultural color associations when working with clients from different cultures
  • 37. Reflecting Personality
    • When designing a room the opinions of occupants should be considered
    • Personal preferences should always be the main considerations instead of trends
  • 38. Reflecting the Mood of the Room
    • Color sets the mood of a room
    • Large areas with an intense color will be irritating
    • Neutralized tones for a large background are ideal
  • 39. Interactions Between Color and the Elements and Principles of Design Space Texture Size and Proportion Balance Juxtaposition of Colors Light
  • 40. Space
    • Near colors appear darker
    • Colors seem more demanding in smaller spaces
    • When selecting a color from a small color sample it is best to select a color several tints lighter
    • When a tone is painted on four walls it is much darker than desired
  • 41. Texture
    • Color appears differently when the texture is differed
    • Fabrics with a deep textured surface cast shadows therefore appearing darker
    • A dull surfaces absorbs colors and much of the natural light
  • 42. Size and Proportion
    • Furniture may appear larger if painted or upholstered with colors in a strong chroma
    • A small room with demanding colors will seem even smaller
    • With skillful application of color a rooms dimensions may significantly be altered
  • 43. Balance
    • A small area of dark color balances a large area of bright color
    • A small bright blue chair balances a large gray-blue couch
  • 44. Juxtaposition of Colors
    • The eye perceives color in relation to it’s environment
    • People are color blind to two or four colors
    • When two primary colors are placed next to one another they appear tinted
      • For example when blue is placed next to red, the red takes on a yellow tint
  • 45. Light
    • Without light color does not exist
    • Always study the quality and quantity of light when planning a room
    • When light is bright the color will be stimulating
    • Color will be lifeless without sufficient light
    • A room with low light levels is enhanced by light-reflecting colors
  • 46. Applications of Color to Interior Backgrounds Ceilings Paneled Walls Window Treatments Wood Trim Color in Wood
  • 47. Ceilings
    • If the objective is to have the wall and ceiling look the same the ceiling needs to be a tint of the wall color because the walls reflect onto the ceiling
    • If wallpaper is used the ceiling can be a tint of the lightest color in the paper or the background
  • 48. Paneled Walls
    • With dark wood paneling colors of intense chroma should be used because wood tends to absorb color
    • Lighter wood walls should use less intense colors for a more casual look
  • 49. Dark Wood
  • 50. Light Wood
  • 51. Window Treatments
    • If the objective is to have a completely blended background the drapery should be the same hue as the walls
    • If you want a contrasting look a contrasting color should be used that is complimentary to the room
  • 52.  
  • 53. Wood Trim
    • The trim is important to the general color scheme
    • When painted the trim can be
      • Same hue
      • Darker shade of hue
      • A contrasting color
  • 54.  
  • 55. Color In Wood
    • Each type of wood has a particular beauty
    • Heavily grained wood has heavier texture and vice versa for fine grained wood.
    • Always use woods in close proximity in grain
  • 56.  
  • 57. The Selection of a Color Scheme Distribution of Color Color Transitions Visual Communication
  • 58. Distribution of Color
    • Planned color distribution is necessary
    • Every room can be enhanced with some dark, some light, and some medium values
    • Most rooms are planned around one dominant color
    • In commercial buildings dark colors are often used to hide ventilation systems and plumbing pipes
  • 59. The dominant color is green and there are variations of green throughout.
  • 60. Color Transitions From One Room to Another
    • When two rooms connect their color schemes should relate
    • One color should be carried from room to room
      • For example: An accent color in one room is used as a wall color in another room
    • Usually flooring remains the same
    • Similar ceiling colors are used
    • Moldings are consistent
    • Accessories help the flow
  • 61. The same flooring and the same wall color throughout the house
  • 62. Visual Communication
    • Fabric, paint, and hard material samples are useful when presenting ideas to a client
    • Actual samples of all items in approximate proportions may be helpful as well
    • Doing these things on presentation boards is very wise
  • 63. Boards have both material samples and drawings
  • 64. Color Forecasting
    • Organizations that help determine color preferences for residential and nonresidential:
          • Color Marketing Group
          • The Color Association of the United States
          • The Home Fashions League
          • The International Colour Authority
          • The National Decorating Products Association
          • Colorcast
  • 65.