Color power point

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Color power point

  1. 1. C O L O R
  2. 2. Warm Colors <ul><li>Includes: red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, and yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Considered engaging, positive, and stimulating </li></ul><ul><li>They can enclose space </li></ul><ul><li>If used in large areas colors may create an irritable environment </li></ul>
  3. 4. Cool Colors <ul><li>Blue, blue-green, green, violet, and blue-violet </li></ul><ul><li>They are generally relaxing and cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Expand space </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly perceived as cold and uninviting </li></ul>
  4. 6. Neutral Colors <ul><li>Gray, white, and black </li></ul><ul><li>These are without hue </li></ul><ul><li>Hue=color </li></ul><ul><li>Called achromatic: in Greek means without color </li></ul><ul><li>White with any small amount of color is considered neutralized </li></ul><ul><li>They are tranquil and unobtrusive </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently they may produce feelings of boredom </li></ul>
  5. 8. The Standard Color Wheel
  6. 9. Primary Colors <ul><li>Red </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Blue </li></ul>
  7. 10. Secondary Colors <ul><li>Orange </li></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul><ul><li>Violet </li></ul>
  8. 11. Tertiary Colors <ul><li>Yellow-orange </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow green </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-green </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-violet </li></ul><ul><li>Red-violet </li></ul><ul><li>Red-orange </li></ul>
  9. 13. Colors Three Dimensions Hue Value Intensity
  10. 14. Hue <ul><li>Color name </li></ul><ul><li>A color can be lightened or darkened </li></ul><ul><li>Example: using a blue hue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light blue, dark blue, bright blue, grey-blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are all of a blue hue </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. Value <ul><li>Degree of luminosity </li></ul><ul><li>Lightness or darkness of a hue </li></ul><ul><li>Tint=adding white </li></ul><ul><li>Shade=adding black </li></ul><ul><li>Tone=adding black and white </li></ul>
  12. 16. Intensity <ul><li>Or chroma </li></ul><ul><li>Is the degree of saturation </li></ul><ul><li>Describes the brightness or dullness </li></ul><ul><li>Color’s compliment (color directly across wheel) </li></ul>
  13. 17. Creating Color Schemes Achromatic Monotone Monochromatic Analogous Complementary
  14. 18. Achromatic <ul><li>Color scheme created using black, white, or variations of grey </li></ul><ul><li>No identifiable hue </li></ul>
  15. 20. Monotone <ul><li>Created from a color with low chroma </li></ul><ul><li>Usually neutral colors </li></ul><ul><li>Accents of stronger chroma may be used in accessories without changing the neutral scheme </li></ul>
  16. 22. Monochromatic <ul><li>Developed from a single hue </li></ul><ul><li>A range of intensities </li></ul><ul><li>Different tones and tints are used </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced by textures such as wood, metal, stone, glass, and fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns are often incorporated </li></ul>
  17. 24. Analogous <ul><li>Any segment of colors that are side by side on the standard color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Use a great variety of values and intensities </li></ul>
  18. 26. Direct Compliment <ul><li>Simplest of the contrasting color schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Any two colors that lie directly opposite each other on the color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Used in equal amounts colors clash </li></ul>
  19. 27. Split Compliment <ul><li>Three-color scheme composed of any hue plus the two hues next to its compliment </li></ul><ul><li>For example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow is dominant color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Red-violet and blue-violet are complimentary colors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 28. Triad Complement <ul><li>Another three-color contrasting scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Any three colors that are equidistant on the color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>May be neutralized, raised, or lowered in value to produce a tranquil scheme </li></ul>
  21. 29. Psychological and Physiological Effects of Colors
  22. 30. Feelings and Reactions <ul><li>Red </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courage, passion, love, danger, fire, strength </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yellow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cowardice, delicate, optimism, warmth, sunlight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Orange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheerfulness, stimulation, sunset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When muted may appear cool or refreshing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 32. Feelings and Reactions <ul><li>Blue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honesty, truth, loyalty, sky, masculine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Envy, safety, peace, passivity, nature, serenity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Violet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Royalty, snobbery, power, drama, worship </li></ul></ul>
  24. 34. Feelings and Reactions <ul><li>White </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purity, cleanliness, sterility, freshness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Black </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mourning, sorrow, sophistication, mystery, night </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth, wood, warmth, comfort, support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gloom, storm, fog, wisdom, intelligence, high-tech </li></ul></ul>
  25. 36. Multiculturalism and Color <ul><li>Color is an international language </li></ul><ul><li>Every culture identifies each other with something different </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to be sensitive to cultural color associations when working with clients from different cultures </li></ul>
  26. 37. Reflecting Personality <ul><li>When designing a room the opinions of occupants should be considered </li></ul><ul><li>Personal preferences should always be the main considerations instead of trends </li></ul>
  27. 38. Reflecting the Mood of the Room <ul><li>Color sets the mood of a room </li></ul><ul><li>Large areas with an intense color will be irritating </li></ul><ul><li>Neutralized tones for a large background are ideal </li></ul>
  28. 39. Interactions Between Color and the Elements and Principles of Design Space Texture Size and Proportion Balance Juxtaposition of Colors Light
  29. 40. Space <ul><li>Near colors appear darker </li></ul><ul><li>Colors seem more demanding in smaller spaces </li></ul><ul><li>When selecting a color from a small color sample it is best to select a color several tints lighter </li></ul><ul><li>When a tone is painted on four walls it is much darker than desired </li></ul>
  30. 41. Texture <ul><li>Color appears differently when the texture is differed </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrics with a deep textured surface cast shadows therefore appearing darker </li></ul><ul><li>A dull surfaces absorbs colors and much of the natural light </li></ul>
  31. 42. Size and Proportion <ul><li>Furniture may appear larger if painted or upholstered with colors in a strong chroma </li></ul><ul><li>A small room with demanding colors will seem even smaller </li></ul><ul><li>With skillful application of color a rooms dimensions may significantly be altered </li></ul>
  32. 43. Balance <ul><li>A small area of dark color balances a large area of bright color </li></ul><ul><li>A small bright blue chair balances a large gray-blue couch </li></ul>
  33. 44. Juxtaposition of Colors <ul><li>The eye perceives color in relation to it’s environment </li></ul><ul><li>People are color blind to two or four colors </li></ul><ul><li>When two primary colors are placed next to one another they appear tinted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example when blue is placed next to red, the red takes on a yellow tint </li></ul></ul>
  34. 45. Light <ul><li>Without light color does not exist </li></ul><ul><li>Always study the quality and quantity of light when planning a room </li></ul><ul><li>When light is bright the color will be stimulating </li></ul><ul><li>Color will be lifeless without sufficient light </li></ul><ul><li>A room with low light levels is enhanced by light-reflecting colors </li></ul>
  35. 46. Applications of Color to Interior Backgrounds Ceilings Paneled Walls Window Treatments Wood Trim Color in Wood
  36. 47. Ceilings <ul><li>If the objective is to have the wall and ceiling look the same the ceiling needs to be a tint of the wall color because the walls reflect onto the ceiling </li></ul><ul><li>If wallpaper is used the ceiling can be a tint of the lightest color in the paper or the background </li></ul>
  37. 48. Paneled Walls <ul><li>With dark wood paneling colors of intense chroma should be used because wood tends to absorb color </li></ul><ul><li>Lighter wood walls should use less intense colors for a more casual look </li></ul>
  38. 49. Dark Wood
  39. 50. Light Wood
  40. 51. Window Treatments <ul><li>If the objective is to have a completely blended background the drapery should be the same hue as the walls </li></ul><ul><li>If you want a contrasting look a contrasting color should be used that is complimentary to the room </li></ul>
  41. 53. Wood Trim <ul><li>The trim is important to the general color scheme </li></ul><ul><li>When painted the trim can be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same hue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darker shade of hue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A contrasting color </li></ul></ul>
  42. 55. Color In Wood <ul><li>Each type of wood has a particular beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily grained wood has heavier texture and vice versa for fine grained wood. </li></ul><ul><li>Always use woods in close proximity in grain </li></ul>
  43. 57. The Selection of a Color Scheme Distribution of Color Color Transitions Visual Communication
  44. 58. Distribution of Color <ul><li>Planned color distribution is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Every room can be enhanced with some dark, some light, and some medium values </li></ul><ul><li>Most rooms are planned around one dominant color </li></ul><ul><li>In commercial buildings dark colors are often used to hide ventilation systems and plumbing pipes </li></ul>
  45. 59. The dominant color is green and there are variations of green throughout.
  46. 60. Color Transitions From One Room to Another <ul><li>When two rooms connect their color schemes should relate </li></ul><ul><li>One color should be carried from room to room </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example: An accent color in one room is used as a wall color in another room </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually flooring remains the same </li></ul><ul><li>Similar ceiling colors are used </li></ul><ul><li>Moldings are consistent </li></ul><ul><li>Accessories help the flow </li></ul>
  47. 61. The same flooring and the same wall color throughout the house
  48. 62. Visual Communication <ul><li>Fabric, paint, and hard material samples are useful when presenting ideas to a client </li></ul><ul><li>Actual samples of all items in approximate proportions may be helpful as well </li></ul><ul><li>Doing these things on presentation boards is very wise </li></ul>
  49. 63. Boards have both material samples and drawings
  50. 64. Color Forecasting <ul><li>Organizations that help determine color preferences for residential and nonresidential: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Color Marketing Group </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Color Association of the United States </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Home Fashions League </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The International Colour Authority </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The National Decorating Products Association </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colorcast </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
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