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Disaster Management Training Seminar, A Citizen's Empowerment Initiative by Rotary Club of Mumbai Lakers supported by Hiranandani Construction and MCGM. Presentation of the seminar held on 21st ...

Disaster Management Training Seminar, A Citizen's Empowerment Initiative by Rotary Club of Mumbai Lakers supported by Hiranandani Construction and MCGM. Presentation of the seminar held on 21st February 2010 at Olympia, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai - 400076

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Dm Fire Dm Fire Presentation Transcript

  • Disaster Management Training Seminar A Citizen’s Empowerment Initiative by
    • This seminar was conducted on 21 st Feb 2010, at Olympia, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai. It perused theoretical aspects of disasters and provided practical training in areas like Rescue & Emergency operations, Fire Fighting & Safety, First Aid, etc.
    • It was supported by Hiranandani Constructions
    • The training was conducted by the Disaster Management Cell of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation
    • The Presentation of the seminar is as attached
  • PRESENTS
  • PROGRAMME ON FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION “ WHAT BURNS NEVER RETURNS” “ PREVENT FIRE, AVOID DESTRUCTION”
  • FIRE SAFETY JOINT EFFORT AND JOINT RESPONSIBILITY
  • FIRE / HEAT IS ESSENTIAL FOR
    • SURVIVAL
    • COMFORT
    • DEVELOPMENT
    • PROSPERITY
    • “ FIRE IS ADORABLE”
    • “ O Agni, help us to gain prosperity by leading us on the righteous path, You know all our thoughts and actions, Redeem us from all our sins and evil ways, We bow before you with gratitude ”.
    • - Rigveda
  • FIRE ALSO LEADS TO DESTRUCTION, DEVASTATION & DISTRESS
    • Some Historical Fires
    • 64 A.D. - Rome
    • 1657 - Tokyo
    • 1666 - London
    • 1803 - Mumbai Fort
    • 1857 - Chicago
    • First World War
    • Second World War
    • 1944 - Mumbai
    • Art, Architecture & Abode destroyed
    • Unbearable loss of lives
    • History wiped out
    • Stunted human progress and prosperity
  • CONSEQUENCES OF FIRE
    • UNEMPLOYMENT
    • LOSS OF BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS & RECORDS
    • LOSS OF SKILLED WORKERS
    • SHORTAGE OF COMMODITIES
    • PRICE INCREASE
    } TWO MOST PRECIOUS THINGS OF HUMAN BEING
    • LOSS OF LIFE
    • LOSS OF PROPERTY
    INFLATION
      • LOSS OF G.D.P.
    NATIONAL LOSS
  • FIRE HOW ? IS OMNIPRESENT AND OMNIPOTENT Therefore, PREVENT FIRES BEFORE THEY START LEARN NOT TO BURN
  • LESSONS FROM ANCESTORS HOUSE OWNER - To keep compulsorily Panch Ghatinam, a Kumbha & Drona , Ladder, Axe, Hook, Pincers, Leather Bag. BLACKSMITHS - To live together in single locality To sleep at doorstep BIG STREETS , STREET JUNCTIONS - & ROYAL BUILDINGS KAUTILYA’S ARTHASHASTRA Large number of big vessels filled with water PUNISHMENTS Carelessness - Fine of 54 panas. Arsonist - To be thrown in the same fire City Supervisor to ensure
  • EVERYONE MUST KNOW
    • 1 WHAT IS FIRE ?
    • 2 METHODS OF EXTINCTION OF FIRE
    • 3 CATEGORIES OF FIRE
    • 4 PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    • 5 COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE AND
    • PREVENTIVE MEASURES
    • 6 WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE ?
    • 7 HOW TO CALL FIRE BRIGADE ?
    • 8 WHAT TO DO WHEN FIRE BRIGADE ARRIVES ?
  • PREVENTION OF FIRE IS ESSENTIAL FIRE SAFETY IS MUST
  • 1. WHAT IS FIRE ? OXYGEN HEAT FUEL FUEL + HEAT + OXYGEN FIRE FIRE TRIANGLE
  • 1(a). PRODUCTS OF FIRE & THEIR EFFECTS FIRE Smoke Poor Visibility Fire Gases ( CO, HCl, HCN, CO 2 etc.) Toxic and Explosive Gases Explosions and Fire Spread Abnormal Respiration Asphyxiation Panic, Stampede, Death Heat Radiation Flame Fire Spread Burns / Death Prevents Escape. Asphyxiation, Death Panic, Stampede, Death Fire Spread Prevents Escape Burns and Scalds Damage to Lungs & Respiratory System Jumping to Escape, Injuries/Death
  • 2. METHODS OF EXTINCTION A PROCESS OF ELIMINATION SMOTHERING Cutting away supply of OXYGEN to the burning fuel or reducing the percentage of oxygen . COOLING Removal of HEAT from burning substance FIRE FIRE FIRE SMOTHERING COOLING STARVATION STARVATION Removal of FUEL from burning substance OXYGEN FUEL HEAT FIRE FUEL HEAT OXYGEN
  • 3. CATEGORIES OF FIRE CLASS COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL Ordinary combustible solids A Paper, Wood, Cloth, etc . Combustible liquids or liquifiable solids B Oils, Paints, Chemicals, Wax, etc. L.P.G., Acetylene, Hydrogen, Methane,Natural Gas, etc. C Combustible gases Magnesium, Sodium, Uranium, Thorium, etc. D Combustible metals E Electrical equipment & installations Switch gears, Transformer, etc.
  • 4. PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS TYPE EXTINGUISHING MEDIUM WATER ( CO 2 PRESSURE) WATER
  • FOAM FOAM 4. PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS TYPE EXTINGUISHING MEDIUM
  • ABC Powder DRY CHEMICAL POWDER 4. PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS TYPE EXTINGUISHING MEDIUM
  • Carbon Dioxide ( co 2 ) CARBON DIOXIDE GAS 4. PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS TYPE EXTINGUISHING MEDIUM
  • HALON BCF,BTM, etc. VAPOURISING LIQUID † Causes depletion of Ozone layer in atmosphere, use abandoned phase wise 4. PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS TYPE EXTINGUISHING MEDIUM
  • Categories of Fire & Methods and Media Of Extinction Method Media Paper, wood, cloth, etc. Cooling & Smothering Class Water Sand / water Material ABC Powder FIRE A
  • Categories of Fire & Methods and Media Of Extinction Method Media Smothering Class Sand Material Oils, paints, solvents,wax, etc. Foam CO 2 Dry Chemical Powder FIRE B
  • Categories of Fire & Methods and Media Of Extinction Method Media Starvation & Smothering Class Material Dry Chemical Powder CO 2 L.P.G., Acetylene, Natural gases, etc. C
  • Categories of Fire & Methods and Media Of Extinction Method Media Smothering Class Sand Material Magnesium, Sodium,uranium, Thorium,etc. FIRE Dry chemical powder (special) D
  • Categories of Fire & Methods and Media Of Extinction Method Media Smothering Class Sand Material Switch board, Switch gears, Transformer, etc. Dry Chemical Powder Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) FIRE E
  • 5. COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE & PREVENTIVE MEASURES
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    • Overloading
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Loose Connections
    • Electrical
    • Overloading
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Damaged Installations
    • Electrical
    • Overloading
    • Loose Connections
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Misuse of Elec. Meter rooms
    • Electrical
    • Overloading
    • Loose Connections
    • Damaged Installations
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Aged Wiring and Installations
    • Electrical
    • Overloading
    • Loose Connections
    • Damaged Installations
    • Misuse of Elec. Meter rooms
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Unattended Elec. Appliances
    • Electrical
    • Overloading
    • Loose Connections
    • Damaged Installations
    • Misuse of Elec. Meter rooms
    • Aged Wiring and Installations
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    SMOKING IN BED
    • Careless Smoking
    • Homes
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    RESULT
    • Careless Smoking
    • Homes
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    • Factories & Offices
    DO NOT SMOKE IN WORKING AREAS
    • Careless Smoking
    • Homes
    COMBUSTIBLES
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Hotels & Hospitals
    • Homes
    • Factories & Offices
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Clubs & Discotheques
    • Homes
    • Factories & Offices
    • Hotels & Hospitals
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Moving Vehicles
    • (trains, automobiles etc.)
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Homes
    • Factories & Offices
    • Hotels & Hospitals
    • Clubs & Discotheques
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Kitchen
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Oil Lamps, Candles
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Kitchen
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Welding
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Kitchen
    • Oil Lamps, Candles
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Furnace, Pantry, etc.
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Kitchen
    • Oil Lamps, Candles
    • Welding
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Bonfires
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Kitchen
    • Oil Lamps, Candles
    • Welding
    • Furnace, Pantry, etc.
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Kitchen
    • Oil Lamps, Candles
    • Welding
    • Furnace, Pantry, etc.
    • Bonfires
    • Worshiping Time
    • ( home, havan, holi,
    • burning of effigy, etc.)
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Sparks
    • Electrical
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Frictional
    • (Grinder,Pulveriser,etc)
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Sparks
    • Electrical
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Fire Crackers
    FUN WHEN YOU ARE CAREFUL FIRE WHEN YOU ARE CARELESS
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Sparks
    • Electrical
    • Frictional
    • (Grinder, pulveriser, etc.)
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Locomotives
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Sparks
    • Electrical
    • Frictional
    • (Grinder, pulveriser, etc.)
    • Fire Crackers
  • COMMON CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Welding / cutting
    • Electrical
    • Careless Smoking
    • Naked Flames
    • Sparks
    • Electrical
    • Frictional
    • (Grinder, pulveriser, etc.)
    • Fire Crackers
    • Locomotives
  • OTHER CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Spontaneous Combustion
  • OTHER CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Spontaneous Combustion
    • Chemical Reaction
  • OTHER CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Spontaneous Combustion
    • Chemical Reaction
    • Lightning
  • OTHER CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Spontaneous Combustion
    • Chemical Reaction
    • Lightning
    • Hot Ashes
  • OTHER CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Spontaneous Combustion
    • Chemical Reaction
    • Lightning
    • Hot Ashes
    • Incendiarism
  • OTHER CAUSES OF FIRE
    • Spontaneous Combustion
    • Chemical Reaction
    • Lightning
    • Hot Ashes
    • Incendiarism
    • Arson
  • 6. WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE
  • DO NOT RUN
  • DO NOT WASTE TIME FOR COLLECTING VALUABLES
  • DO NOT PANIC
  • INFORM FIRE BRIGADE ABOUT FIRE ALERT NEIGHBOURS
  • IF POSSIBLE, USE FIRE EXTINGUISHER
  • DO NOT TAKE SHELTER IN TOILET TOILET
  • SHUT ALL THE DOORS BEHIND YOU
  • DO NOT USE LIFT TO ESCAPE L I F T
  • MAKE EXIT TO GROUND LEVEL INSTEAD OF TERRACE
  • USE NEAREST MEANS OF ESCAPE AND THE STAIRECASE AVAILABLE
  • Report about your safe escape and any other information to the Fire Brigade or Police present at the site
  • IF TRAPPED OR STRANDED STAY CLOSE TO THE FLOOR LEVEL
  • IF TRAPPED OR STRANDED COVER THE GAPS OF THE DOOR BY BLANKET OR BY RUG OR ANY OTHER PIECE OF CLOTH AVAILABLE
  • DO NOT JUMP OUT OF THE BUILDING. SIGNAL OR SHOUT FOR HELP
  • DO NOT RUN STOP , DROP & ROLL ON THE GROUND AND COVER WITH BLANKET POUR WATER ON THE BODY IF CLOTHES ON FIRE
  • GIVE FIRST-AID AND SEND TO HOSPITAL
  • 7. HOW TO CALL FIRE BRIGADE REMEMBER 101 1. Dial 101 or 308 5991/2/3/4 , 307 6111/2/3 or 308 6181/2 Control Room Duty officer receives your call. 2. Give him detailed Address nature of Incident and Telephone No. from which you are calling. 3. Keep down the receiver and wait. Control Room will call back to verify the call. 4. Wait for the Fire Engine, co-operate with Firemen .
  • FIRE SAFETY JOINT EFFORT AND JOINT RESPONSIBILITY
  •  
  • “ WE SERVE TO SAVE ”
  • WITH Valour Abnegation Sacrifice
  • THANK YOU