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  1. 1. CATALONIA!
  2. 2. Geography
  3. 3. Catalonia (is an Autonomous Community in northeast Spain. Catalonia covers an area of 32,114 km² and has an official population of 7,210,508. It borders France and Andorra to the north, Aragon to the west, the Valencian Community to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the east (580 km coastline). Official languages are Catalan, Spanish and Aranese. The capital city is Barcelona. Catalonia is divided into forty-one comarques that are part, in turn, of four provinces: Barcelona, Tarragona, Lleida, and Girona (often spelt Gerona in English as it is in Spanish). Its territory corresponds to most of the historical territory of the former Principality of Catalonia.
  4. 4. Climate
  5. 5.  In the Mediterranean area, summers are dry, hot and humid with sea breezes, and the maximum temperature is around 30 °C. Summer is the rainiest season in the Pyreneean valleys with frequent storms. Winter is cool or cold depending on the location. It snows frequently in the Pyrenees, and it occasionally snows at lower altitudes, even by the coastline. Overall, spring and autumn are typically the rainiest seasons.  The inland part of Catalonia is hotter and drier in summer. Temperature may reach 35 °C, some days even 40 °C. Nights are cooler there than at the coast with the temperature of around 14° to 16 °C. Fog is not uncommon in valleys and plains, it can be especially resilient and with freezing drizzle episodes during winter by the Segre and other river valleys.
  6. 6. Language
  7. 7.  Originating in the historic territory of Catalonia, Catalan is one of the three official languages and has enjoyed special status since the approval of the Statute of Autonomy of 1979 which declares it to be the language quot;proper to Cataloniaquot;.The other languages with official status are Spanish, which has official status throughout Spain, and Aranese (a dialect of Gascon Occitan) spoken in the Aran Valley).  Today, Catalan is the main language of the Catalan autonomous government and the other public institutions that fall under its jurisdiction. Basic public education is given in Catalan except for two hours for week of Spanish medium instruction.
  8. 8. Religion
  9. 9.  Religion depens of people, because you can be a believer or non believer. If you believe religion is Christianity and if you do not believe you're an atheist.
  10. 10. Government
  11. 11. Law and government of Catalonia  The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates. The Catalan Statute of Autonomy establishes that Catalonia is organized politically through the Generalitat de Catalunya, conformed by the Parliament, the Presidency of Palau de la Generalitat the Generalitat, the Government or Executive Council and the other institutions created by the Parliament.  The seat of the Executive Council is the city of Barcelona. Since the restoration of the Generalitat through the return of democracy in Spain, the presidents of Catalonia have been Jordi Pujol (1980-2003),
  12. 12. Represented in Convergence and Union (48) - the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (37) - Catalan regional Parliament Republican Left of Catalonia (21) - (135) People's Party of Catalonia (14) - Initiative for Catalonia Greens (12) - Citizens – Party of the Citizenry (3) Represented in Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSOE) (25) the Spanish - Convergence and Union (10) - Congress of Deputies Republican Left of Catalonia (3) - (47) People's Party of Catalonia (6) - Initiative for Catalonia Greens- United and Alternative Left (2) Represented in Catalan Agreement of Progress (PSC, the Spanish ERC, ICV and EUiA) (16) - Senate (22) Convergence and Union (6)
  13. 13. Economy
  14. 14. THE EURO:The euro is the currency we use Banknote coin  The Catalan economy is distinguished in the Spanish context by a more industrial profile. The distribution of sectors is the following one:  Primary sector: 2.8%. Land dedicated to agricultural use is 33%  Secondary sector: 37.2% (compared to Spain's 29%)  Tertiary sector: 60% (compared to Spain's 67%)  Catalonia is the first tourist destination of Spain. The main tourist destinations in Catalonia are the city of Barcelona, the beaches of the Costa Brava at Girona and the Costa Daurada at Tarragona. In the Pyrenees there are several ski resorts.
  15. 15. Culture
  16. 16.  Castellers are one of the main manifestations of the Catalonian popular culture. The activity consists in constructing human towers by competing colles castelleres (teams). This practice originated in the southern part of Catalonia during the 18th century.  The sardana is the most characteristic Catalonian popular dance, other groups also practice Ball de bastons, or jota in the southern part. Musically the Havaneres are also characteristic in the marine localities of the Costa Brava specially during the summer months when these songs are sung outdoors accompanied by a of burned rum. As opposed to other parts of Spain, flamenco is not popularly performed, but rather the rumba is a more prevalent dance style.  In the greater celebrations other elements of the Catalonian popular culture are usually present: the parades of gegants (giants) and correfocs of devils and firecrackers.
  17. 17. THE FOOD
  18. 18.  Escalivada (various grilled vegetables)  Escudella (a stew with rice)  Ollada or quot;Putxeroquot; (val.) (Meat and vegetable stew)  or quot;esgarratquot;quot; (val.) (salted cod salad with tomato and onion)  Mongetes amb botifarra (beans and pork sausage)  Pa amb tomàquet (bread smeared with an olive oil, garlic and tomato sauce)  Tonyina en escabetx (tuna escabeche)  (a seafood casserole)  Savoury Coca (pastry)  Embotits, a generic name for different kinds of cured pork meat), including Fuet (a characteristic type of dried sausage) and Salchichón or Llonganissa (salami).  Calçots (specially cultivated onions, grilled and served as a quot;Calçotadaquot;)  (cooked snails)  Catalan cream.
  19. 19. Important things
  20. 20. SAGRADA FAMILIA in Barcelona
  21. 21. BARÇA, a important team of Catalonia
  22. 22. THE BULLI, the best restaurant in Spain
  23. 23. THE SEU VELLA in Lleida
  24. 24.  Catalunya triomfant, tornarà a ser rica i plena. Endarrera aquesta gent tan ufana i tan superba. Bon cop de falç, Bon cop de falç, Defensors de la terra! Bon cop de falç! Ara és hora, segadors. Ara és hora d'estar alerta. Per quan vingui un altre juny esmolem ben bé les eines. Bon cop de falç, Bon cop de falç, Defensors de la terra! Bon cop de falç! Que tremoli l'enemic en veient la nostra ensenya. Com fem caure espigues d'or, quan convé seguem cadenes. Bon cop de falç, Bon cop de falç, Defensors de la terra! Bon cop de falç!