Expressionism
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  • 1. EXPRESSIONISMArtists and paintings
  • 2. WHAT WAS EXPRESSIONISM?¢  An artistic and modernist movement.¢  Originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.¢  The Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter groups.¢  The artist attempts to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in him.¢  The artist accomplishes his aim through distortion, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal elements.
  • 3. TYPICAL TRAITS:¢  To present the world solely from a subjective perspective.¢  To distort the world radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.¢  Emphasis on individual perspective.¢  To express intense emotions.¢  To portray emotions and subjective interpretations.¢  Tendency toward arbitrary colours and jarring compositions.¢  To represent vivid emotional reactions by powerful colours and dynamic compositions.
  • 4. DIE BRÜCKE ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢  Ernst Lüdwig ¢  Berlin Street Scene, Kirchner. 1913.
  • 5. DIE BRÜCKE ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢  Erich Heckel. ¢  Landscape in Dresden, 1910.
  • 6. DIE BRÜCKE ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢  Emil Nolde. ¢  DanceAround the Golden Calf, 1910.
  • 7. DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢  Franz Marc. ¢  The Large Blue Horses, 1911.
  • 8. DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢  Wassili Kandinsky. ¢  On White II, 1923.
  • 9. DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢  Paul Klee. ¢  Revolving House, 1921.
  • 10. DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢  August Macke. ¢  View into a Lane, 1914.
  • 11. OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢  Max Beckmann. ¢  Party in Paris, 1931.
  • 12. OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢  Oskar Kokoschka. ¢  Bride of the Wind, 1913.
  • 13. OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢  Georges Rouault. ¢  Head of Christ, 1939.
  • 14. OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢  Marc Chagall. ¢  Woman with a Bouquet, 1910.
  • 15. KANDINSKY AND EXPRESSIONISM¢  Kandinsky believed that with simple colours and shapes the spectator could perceive the moods and feelings in the paintings, a theory that encouraged him towards increased abstraction.
  • 16. MUNICH-SCHWABING WITH THE CHURCHOF ST. URSULA, 1908. ¢  Which colours predominate in his painting? ¢  Do you think Kandinsky was happy, sad or angry when he created this painting? Why? ¢  What can you see in the picture?