WHAT WAS EXPRESSIONISM?¢ An artistic and modernist movement.¢ Originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.¢ The Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter groups.¢ The artist attempts to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in him.¢ The artist accomplishes his aim through distortion, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal elements.
TYPICAL TRAITS:¢ To present the world solely from a subjective perspective.¢ To distort the world radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.¢ Emphasis on individual perspective.¢ To express intense emotions.¢ To portray emotions and subjective interpretations.¢ Tendency toward arbitrary colours and jarring compositions.¢ To represent vivid emotional reactions by powerful colours and dynamic compositions.
DIE BRÜCKE ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢ Ernst Lüdwig ¢ Berlin Street Scene, Kirchner. 1913.
DIE BRÜCKE ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢ Erich Heckel. ¢ Landscape in Dresden, 1910.
DIE BRÜCKE ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢ Emil Nolde. ¢ DanceAround the Golden Calf, 1910.
DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢ Franz Marc. ¢ The Large Blue Horses, 1911.
DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢ Wassili Kandinsky. ¢ On White II, 1923.
DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢ Paul Klee. ¢ Revolving House, 1921.
DER BLAUE REITER ARTISTS AND THEIRPAINTINGS:¢ August Macke. ¢ View into a Lane, 1914.
OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢ Max Beckmann. ¢ Party in Paris, 1931.
OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢ Oskar Kokoschka. ¢ Bride of the Wind, 1913.
OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢ Georges Rouault. ¢ Head of Christ, 1939.
OTHER ARTISTS AND THEIR PAINTINGS:¢ Marc Chagall. ¢ Woman with a Bouquet, 1910.
KANDINSKY AND EXPRESSIONISM¢ Kandinsky believed that with simple colours and shapes the spectator could perceive the moods and feelings in the paintings, a theory that encouraged him towards increased abstraction.
MUNICH-SCHWABING WITH THE CHURCHOF ST. URSULA, 1908. ¢ Which colours predominate in his painting? ¢ Do you think Kandinsky was happy, sad or angry when he created this painting? Why? ¢ What can you see in the picture?
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