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  • The
  • Hungarians

    1. 1. People and culture
    2. 2. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Hungarians (or Magyars , in Hungarian: magyarok ) are a nation and an ethnic g roup native to and primarily associated with Hungarian.There are around 14 million Hungarians, of whom 10 million live in today's Hungary (as of 2001). </li></ul><ul><li>The Hungarian language belongs to the Finno-ugric group of languages. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hungarians are believed to be descended from an Asian tribe that is thought to be a fusion of the Huns, Khazars,Avars, and Ugrians, however the new Hungarian researches established that Hungarians had mostly European origin in the age of St. Stephen's Hungary. </li></ul>Magyar people
    3. 3. <ul><li>In the fourth and 5th centuries AD, the Magyars moved to the west of the Ural Mountains to the area between the southern Ural Mountains. In 895/896, under the leadership of Árpád, some Hungarians crossed the Carpathians and entered the Carpathian Basin </li></ul>Migrations
    4. 4. <ul><li>Medieval Hungary controlled more territory than medieval France, and the population of medieval Hungary was the third largest of any country in Europe. The Hungarian leader Árpád is believed to have led the Hungarians into the Carpathian Basin in 896. </li></ul><ul><li>During the settlement Magyars pastured their herds in the summer over the grasslands. They practiced a little bit of agriculture, but their main food was still meat, milk and fish. They spent most of their lives in their raids and campaigns on horseback. Their weapon of choice was bow and arrow. </li></ul>Magyars` life
    5. 5. <ul><li>Later, the Hungarian settlement in the area was approved by the Pope when their leaders </li></ul><ul><li>accepted Christianity, and Stephen I the Saint ( Szent István ) was crowned King of Hungary in 1001. </li></ul>Christianity
    6. 6. <ul><li>The Kingdom of Hungary lasted for 946 years and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centers of the Western world. It was the wall against the Turks for a long time. Then, after about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy, and later constituted half of the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy (1867–1918). A great power until the end of World War I, Hungary lost over 70% of its territory, along with one third of its population of Hungarian ethnicity, under the Treaty of Trianon, the terms of which have been considered excessively harsh by many in Hungary. The kingdom was succeeded by a Communiet era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal move of opening its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc . The present form of government is a parliamentary republic (since 1989). </li></ul>Kingdom of Hungary
    7. 7. <ul><li>Good relations between Poland and Hungary date back to the Middle Ages . In the 15th century, the two countries briefly shared the same king, Poland's Wladyslaw III of Varna who perished, aged barely twenty, fighting the Turks at Varna , Bulgaria . In the 16th century, Poland elected as her king a Hungarian nobleman, Stefan Batory , who is regarded as one of Poland's greatest kings. In the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 , a Polish general, Józef Bem , became a national hero of both Hungary and Poland. During the Polish–Soviet War (1919-21), Hungary offered to send 30,000 cavalry to Poland. </li></ul>Polish- Hungarian friendship
    8. 8. <ul><li>Friendship Day- On March 12, 2007, Hungary's parliament declared March 23 the &quot;Day of Hungarian-Polish Friendship&quot;, with 324 votes in favor, none opposed, and no abstentions. Four days later, the Polish parliament declared March 23 the &quot;Day of Polish-Hungarian Friendship&quot; by acclamation . There is a proverb in Polish about the friendship: </li></ul><ul><li>Polak, Węgier — dwa bratanki, </li></ul><ul><li>i do szabli, i do szklanki, </li></ul><ul><li>In English: </li></ul><ul><li>Pole and Hungarian — two good friends, </li></ul><ul><li>joint fight and drinking are their ends </li></ul><ul><li>In Hungarian: </li></ul><ul><li>Lengyel, magyar — két jó barát, </li></ul><ul><li>együtt harcol s issza borát. </li></ul>Friendship Day
    9. 9. <ul><li>A. Traditional Magyar instruments were horns, pipes, drums, bagpipes and clarinets. </li></ul>Magyar music and dances
    10. 10. <ul><li>B. Traditional Hungarian folk clothes and dances in Szombathely </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    11. 11. This presentation was prepared by the students of Szkola Podstawowa nr 2 im. Mikolaja Reja in Mszana Dolna during Hungarian Days Thank you for watching!!!