Lesson 6 (New Packet) Bellringer: What were some of thestrengths the American patriots had?
Do you know these women?• Hannah Arnett: convinced Patriots to remain in the war through her persuasive speech• Catherine Moore Barry: helped strategize at Patriot victory at Cowpens, South Caroline• Elizabeth Burgin: helped smuggle food to Patriots and aided prison escapes – Crucial members of the patriot cause – Why haven’t we heard about them before???
Factions• Women played a large role in the revolutionary effort, despite gaining little recognition• Other Groups: Patriots, loyalists, women, neutrals, Native Americans, African Americans
Factions• 13 colonies were very diverse • Many different factions • Faction: a group of people connected by a shared belief or opinion within a larger group
Patriots• Patriots were those who rebelled against British control during the Revolution; defend America’s rights and fight for republicanism• Rejected monarchies• Patriots themselves were diverse, coming from different social and economic background • Most prominent Patriots are known as the Founding Fathers today • 45% of the white population in the American colonies were Patriots • Felt they had a moral obligation to fight
Loyalists• Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the crown • 15-20% of white colonists were loyalists • Defining characteristics: – Older, better established – Felt the Crown was the legitimate rule and opposition was morally wrong – Did not like the Patriots’ use of violence – Ties to Britain (family or business) – Wary of mob rule by Patriots • Joined British troops
Women• Women contributed to both sides of the Revolution • Although politics did not allow women, they still had a large role – Participated in boycott of British goods; made cloth to keep the boycott going – Spied on the British, delivered messages, along side of the soldiers washing, cooking, and tending to injuries – Some even fought disguised as men – Maintained life at home while the men were fighting – Raised money
Women• Women were also loyalists – Women sided with the views of their husbands – Aided loyalist soldiers – Women were divided • Women faced hardships, loyalist or patriot – If their husbands were captured, they could loose their home
Other Factions• Quakers were most outspoken neutrals• Africans Americans fought on both sides; both sides promised them freedom • Many supported the king because they thought he would abolish slavery – British recruited the slaves of patriots – Tried to turn the slaves against the colonists • Many used the war as a time to escape
Other Factions• Native Americans mainly opposed the American Patriots, viewing them as a threat to their land • 13,000 fought with the British • British recruited Native Americans promising them rights to their lands
Who is King George– Read biography of King George individually • Write a two paragraph summary of it with your partner • What do we think about him? • Is he good or bad? Can we define people in history so easily? THEN: Read King George’s speech
Individually–Choose 1 faction we discussed–Write a one paragraph summary
Hypocrisy of the Founding Fathers – Examine Declaration of Independence • What is hypocritical about it? • Are the Founding Fathers good or bad?
Homework– Readings: History of blacks and women in the military– Be prepared to discuss them on Tuesday