Lesson 4 The Cultures of Southern and Central Africa
LESSON 4 THECULTURES OFSOUTHERN ANDCENTRAL AFRICABellringer: What is “Swahili”?
Historical Comparisons What was the Civil Rights Movement? What was apartheid?
Apartheid Apartheid was a system of racial segregation enforced by the National Party governments of South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority non-white inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and white supremacy and Afrikaner minority rule was maintained Watch video clip about apartheid http://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=2BzpKr4kvIM
Open books to page 81 Read page 81 As a class
South Africa South Africa Just one country in the region, but has had great influence socially and economically Until the 1990’s the white, European minority ruled South Africa When England took control of South Africa in 1932, they categorized people by the color of their skin Blacks and Indians had little to no rights under this system of apartheid The colored majority fought for years against apartheid, creating a strong sense of nationalism and community Wanted more say in their government
South Africa Today, South Africa is one of the richest and more industrialized nations in Africa It produces 2/5 of all manufactured goods, ½ of the minerals, and 1/5 of the agricultural productions Labor demand; provided jobs to other countries in Southern Africa Miners Migrant workers; people who move from place to place to find word
Migrant Workers Migrant Worker Identity Miners lived and worked in terrible conditions Although they were from different countries, they formed a bond living together far from home Think of themselves as a group “A person is a person because of people” New sense of identity not based on language, religion, or ethnicity In the 1980’s, mine workers formed a union Fought for rights Strikes
Changes Tradition and Change Experiencing cultural changes Central Africa is very diverse and trying to cling to tradition Mbuti in the rain forest; 3000 year old culture But millions live in shanty towns in the city 2 different worlds; rural and city
South Africa and the World South Africa and the World Cup http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=jxz6rNhUnj0&feature= related Read lyrics; http://www.metrolyrics.com/ wavin-flag-lyrics-knaan.html Importance of having the World Cup in South Africa What does this mean for the country? What image does the world have about Africa?
EXIT CARD Answer in packet What is apartheid?
Partner Work In partners, students will read an article about South African history Create a picture with a short description to create a book as a class