Lesson 4 Independence and Its ChallengesPresentation Transcript
Lesson 4 Bellringer: In what ways didEuropean actions impact Africa?
Loyalty• Who/What are you loyal to?• What does that word/feeling mean?• Read page 47
Independence and Its Challenges– Problem for Africa: Europe grouped many different ethnic groups together with long-standing rivalries • Led to conflict– Africa desired independence • Growing nationalism in the 1900’s • Pride in one’s homeland
South African Independence– 1912: South Africa forms a political party which fought for independence and the rights of the South Africans • Apartheid; system of racial segregation • Rights based on color • Keep the white minority in power
Desire for Independence– 1920’s a movement known as Pan-Africanism began • It stressed unity and cooperation among all Africans • “Africa for Africans”– WWII had a huge impact on Africa’s history • Africa was a crucial component to the Allied forces • Colonies supplied equipment and soldiers– African soldiers came home victorious and desired independence even more • WWII also weakened Western Europe • Too expensive to keep colonies – Some African colonies gained independence peacefully – Others went to war
Individual Countries– Ghana: the people began to boycott British goods • Protests, sent to jail • 1952 gained independence– Algeria: French colony • Bloody war in 1954 • 1962 won independence, but at the cost of 100,000 Algerian lives
Challenges– Challenges for Independent Africa • Leaders had little experience • Unstable governments • Military governments – Limited rights – Jailed protesters – Bloody coups– Some countries established democracies • “Let Africa have time to establish own democracies” • Very young countries
Conflict– Read articles about genocide– Rwanda BBC Article– Darfur– Discuss
Exit CardHow did WWII impact Africa’s history?
Independence– Groups read about different African countries’ road to independence or history of government– Create posters to present to class
Homework– Write vocabulary for whole chapter– Write definitions