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Lesson 3 Constitution and Bill of           Rights  Bellringer: What was the purpose of the         Philadelphia Convention?
Guiding Questions What outside sources did the Framers use to inspire our constitution? What was a concern about having ...
“These things happened. They were glorious and they changed the world... and then we screwed               up the endgame....
Constitution and Bill of RightsCommittee of Detail wrote first draft of the Constitution Used Virginia  PlanHad to elim...
Committee Gets to Work Committee postponed some decisions about the constitution, but completed some major decisions   4...
Constitutional Government Limits on the powers of the person or group  running the government Autocratic of dictatorial ...
Ratification Washington signed it first The Constitution was then sent to the states to be ratified   It was to be the ...
Inspiration Many ideas embedded in the Constitution came from the study of past European political establishments  Parli...
Strong Federal Government John Locke and Montesquieu both called for separation of power  Federalism; created a system i...
3 Branches Constitution divided the government into 3 branches   Executive, legislative, and judicial   Stated in the f...
Bill of Rights Delegates worried, however, without a list of individual rights the new, stronger national government allo...
Bill of Rights Natural rights serving as limitations on national government   Used English Bill of Rights as inspiration...
Constitution Debates http://video.msnbc.msn.com/nightly- news/46861641#46861641 “Obama Healthcare Law Faces Key Supreme ...
Exit Card In your packet What steps were taken to write our constitution?
Building a Country Create your own country with your group Decide what type of country you would have   Constitution  ...
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Lesson 3 Constitution and Bill of Rights

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Transcript of "Lesson 3 Constitution and Bill of Rights"

  1. 1. Lesson 3 Constitution and Bill of Rights Bellringer: What was the purpose of the Philadelphia Convention?
  2. 2. Guiding Questions What outside sources did the Framers use to inspire our constitution? What was a concern about having a strong national government and how did they remedy this?
  3. 3. “These things happened. They were glorious and they changed the world... and then we screwed up the endgame.” 3/5 Compromise  What was it and what do you think about it?  How does it look when the delegates who decided our individual rights made that compromise?
  4. 4. Constitution and Bill of RightsCommittee of Detail wrote first draft of the Constitution Used Virginia PlanHad to eliminate ambiguities
  5. 5. Committee Gets to Work Committee postponed some decisions about the constitution, but completed some major decisions  4 year presidency  More powers to the President Committee of Style and Arrangement made final copy  Stewart Morris wrote the preamble
  6. 6. Constitutional Government Limits on the powers of the person or group running the government Autocratic of dictatorial government have no limits
  7. 7. Ratification Washington signed it first The Constitution was then sent to the states to be ratified  It was to be the “supreme law of the land”  No state could make laws or take actions that went against the Constitution  Final authority  Settled disputes between states and national government
  8. 8. Inspiration Many ideas embedded in the Constitution came from the study of past European political establishments  Parliament of Britain  Enlightenment
  9. 9. Strong Federal Government John Locke and Montesquieu both called for separation of power  Federalism; created a system in which power was divided between national and state government  National government was on top though  National government could tax, regulate trade, control currency, raise an army, and declare war
  10. 10. 3 Branches Constitution divided the government into 3 branches  Executive, legislative, and judicial  Stated in the first 3 Articles Article I; Legislative  Congress  Law-making body Article II; Executive  Headed by President Article III; Judicial  “One supreme court” and other lower federal courts Series of checks, balances, and vetoes
  11. 11. Bill of Rights Delegates worried, however, without a list of individual rights the new, stronger national government allotted by this constitution might abuse its power  Created Bill of Rights  1st 10 Amendments of the Constitution  Focused on personal freedoms
  12. 12. Bill of Rights Natural rights serving as limitations on national government  Used English Bill of Rights as inspiration (1689)  As well as Virginia Declaration of Rights and Locke’s Two Treatise on Government
  13. 13. Constitution Debates http://video.msnbc.msn.com/nightly- news/46861641#46861641 “Obama Healthcare Law Faces Key Supreme Court Test”
  14. 14. Exit Card In your packet What steps were taken to write our constitution?
  15. 15. Building a Country Create your own country with your group Decide what type of country you would have  Constitution  Type of Government  Taxes  Laws Write a basic outline like the Virginia Plan
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