Lesson 3 Conquest of Africa

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  • 1. Lesson 3Bellringer: Why would Europe want to conquer Africa?
  • 2. Review• Kingdoms• Empires• City-States
  • 3. House of Slaves
  • 4. Door of No Return
  • 5. Middle Passage
  • 6. Atlantic Slave Trade• The Atlantic slave trade began in the 1500s – At first, Europe traded with the Northern kingdoms of Ghana and Mali for gold and salt – After the 1500s, the relationship changed • Started as trade between equals • It turned into enslavement and forced migration (movement)
  • 7. Atlantic Slave Trade• The slave trade ended in the 1800s, but Europe remained in Africa until recently – Wanted their resources – Divided up the continent
  • 8. European Desire• Portuguese explorers began exploring Africa in the 1400’s – Trade directly with Africa – Technology in sailing
  • 9. Power Shift• At first they traded as equals – Gold, ivory, metal, pepper, c opper, brass, and clothing – Spread Christianity• Soon the trade balance shifted – Portuguese sailors sailed around the tip of Africa to East Africa and seized the city-states – Controlled the trade along the East African coast
  • 10. The Rest of Europe Joins• The Dutch, French, and English soon followed; set up trading posts along the coasts – Settlers moved in – Spread out by force – Poor relations with Africans
  • 11. Slavery in Africa• Atlantic Slave Trade – Slavery occurred in Africa before the slave trade, but under much different circumstances • All civilizations had slavery • Africans would enslave those they defeated in battle • Most slaves were freed
  • 12. A New Kind of Slavery• Europeans developed a new type of slavery – Treated slaves like property – Race-based slavery – Took them away from their homeland – No freedom
  • 13. Slavery Grows• Demand for slavery increased as European countries set up colonies in North and South America – Needed workers on plantations – Hard to escape when you don’t know where you are – 78,000 each year
  • 14. Tragedy• Horrors of slavery – Captured Africans were branded with hot irons – Laid side by side, stacked in ships with little food or water • Many died during this voyage, the Middle Passage• Effects of Slavery – Loss of an entire generation from West Africa – Halted progress • Lost youngest, healthiest people • Skilled workers
  • 15. End of Slavery• After the slave trade ended, the horror didn’t stop for Africa – Europe raided Africa for its resources – Built empires – Used force and weapons to take over Africa
  • 16. Problems for Africa• European countries met and decided how they would divide up Africa, or colonize it, settle an area and take over the government – Europe gained power by encouraging African groups to fight with each other – Took the best land to farm for themselves – Drew new political boundaries which divided ethnic groups and forced differing groups together • Caused conflict later
  • 17. Slave NarrativePrimary account of Middle Passage by Olaudah Equiano.
  • 18. Exit CardWhat were some of the effects of slavery?
  • 19. Timeline– In pairs, make a timeline of African history to this point– Use notes– No dates required, just put events in chronological order