LESSON 2 THECULTURES OF WESTAFRICABellringer: What is one pillar of Islam?
Diversity What is diversity? What kind of diversity exists in America?
Open books to page 69 Read first paragraph on page 69
Cultural Diversity Cultural Diversity of West Africa 17 countries Hundreds of ethnic groups Lots of different languages and cultural diversity Not united by one religion like Northern Africa
Languages Languages Neighboring villages speak different languages Many people are multilingual speaking 4-5 languages
Making a Living Making a Living Rural = cash crops Sahara = herding Cities = hospitals and offices
Strong Kinship Strong Kinship Kinship; family relations Nuclear family; parents and children Extending = other family members Many West African families live with their extended family Work together and take care of each other Collective decisions “It takes a village to raise a child”; strong sense of community
Lineages and Clans Lineages and Clans Lineage; a groups of families who trace their descendents back to a common ancestor Clan; several lineages Can trace lineage through mother (matrilineal) or through the father (patrilineal) Sometimes a man comes and lives with the wife’s clan Usually a woman moves with the husband though Most clans are patrilineal
Changes Changes Traditional life is changing Urbanization Young men head off to the cities for work Preservingtradition through story-telling Griot; story teller Oral tradition Family stories, fables, proverbs
Culture Spreads Culture Spreads Most slaves came from Western Africa Brought culture to US
West African Cultural Influence http://www. youtube.co m/watch?v =VVk22fjN6 AE http://www. youtube.co m/watch?v =1JtD_Ypy XYU
EXIT CARD Answer in packet How are West African family dynamics different from our family dynamics?
Your Family Make family tree Label nuclear and extended