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Lesson 2 The Cultures of West Africa
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Lesson 2 The Cultures of West Africa

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  • 1. LESSON 2 THECULTURES OF WESTAFRICABellringer: What is one pillar of Islam?
  • 2. Diversity What is diversity? What kind of diversity exists in America?
  • 3. Open books to page 69 Read first paragraph on page 69
  • 4. Cultural Diversity Cultural Diversity of West Africa  17 countries  Hundreds of ethnic groups  Lots of different languages and cultural diversity  Not united by one religion like Northern Africa
  • 5. Languages Languages  Neighboring villages speak different languages  Many people are multilingual speaking 4-5 languages
  • 6. Making a Living Making a Living  Rural = cash crops  Sahara = herding  Cities = hospitals and offices
  • 7. Strong Kinship Strong Kinship  Kinship; family relations  Nuclear family; parents and children  Extending = other family members  Many West African families live with their extended family  Work together and take care of each other  Collective decisions  “It takes a village to raise a child”; strong sense of community
  • 8. Lineages and Clans Lineages and Clans  Lineage; a groups of families who trace their descendents back to a common ancestor  Clan; several lineages  Can trace lineage through mother (matrilineal) or through the father (patrilineal)  Sometimes a man comes and lives with the wife’s clan  Usually a woman moves with the husband though  Most clans are patrilineal
  • 9. Changes Changes  Traditional life is changing  Urbanization  Young men head off to the cities for work  Preservingtradition through story-telling  Griot; story teller  Oral tradition  Family stories, fables, proverbs
  • 10. Culture Spreads Culture Spreads  Most slaves came from Western Africa  Brought culture to US
  • 11. West African Cultural Influence  http://www. youtube.co m/watch?v =VVk22fjN6 AE  http://www. youtube.co m/watch?v =1JtD_Ypy XYU
  • 12. EXIT CARD Answer in packet How are West African family dynamics different from our family dynamics?
  • 13. Your Family Make family tree Label nuclear and extended