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Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation

Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation






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    Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation Presentation Transcript

    • Bellringer What does the phrase “Taxation without Representation” mean?
    • “American Revolution”
      • Free Write
      • Write down any phrases or words that come to mind when you hear, “American Revolution”
    • “ Taxation without Representation”
      • Many American (British) colonists believed the lack of direct representation in the British Parliament was infringing on their rights as English citizens.
      • Therefore, the colonists felt the laws Parliament passed (particularly tax laws, as they affected the colonists more directly) were unconstitutional.
        • At this point the colonists viewed themselves
    • “Virtual Representation”
      • Allegedly, Parliament members represented the interests of all British subjects rather than for the interests of only the district which elected him
        • William Pitt called it, “the most contemptible idea that ever entered into the head of a man; it does not deserve serious refutation.”
      • How representative is American government?
    • Colonial Government
      • Government in the colonies (the governor) was an extension of the English government and represented its interests. Courts imposed British laws.
        • Foreign policy and diplomatic affairs were controlled by Parliament. This included the trading laws which later infuriated the colonists. The colonies handled local laws.
          • The colonists dealt with Native American conflict, while Britain handled foreign wars with France and Spain.
    • Colonial Government
        • Governor council members were appointed
        • Even though the colonists had assemblies such as the House of Burgesses, the governor’s rule was incontrovertible.
          • This desire to have a voice led to increased democratic thinking
    • Independent Thinking
      • However, British colonists did not originally think when coming to America, they would form a new, democratic country. This was the beginning of a changing mindset within the colonists.
    • Independent Thinking
      • The vote was awarded to more men in the American colonies than in most other countries
      • This taste of their own colonial government, along with their geographic distance from Great Britain and influences from the Enlightenment created an independent mindset within the colonists
      • Increased conflict between the Governor and his colonial assembly was an example of growing independence in the colonies
    • Colonial Issues with Parliament
      • Did not get a vote for representatives
        • No direct representation
        • During this fight for increased representation, the colonists argued on the basis of natural rights
          • Formed an argument around the idea that government should derive power from the governed
          • Influences from Enlightenment
    • Ireland and Great Britain
      • Ireland was part of the United Kingdom (in union with England)
      • With this union, Ireland came under direct rule of England
        • Ireland wanted its own government, but also wanted to remain loyal to the English monarchy
    • Ireland and Great Britain
      • Read article (“A Brief History of Ireland”) in groups
        • Discuss as a class
          • How does it relate to what we are studying?
    • Exit Card
      • What does, “Taxation without Representation” mean?
    • “ Shifting Paradigms”
      • What does this mean?
        • A paradigm is a concept; a set of ideas
        • When one shifts paradigms, they move from believing one set of ideas to a different set of ideas
          • What ideas would shift within the colonists?
    • “Shifting Paradigms”
      • The American Revolution was taking place before armed conflict at Lexington and Concord
        • It was a revolution within the minds of the colonists
        • Shifting from considering themselves British to seeing themselves as different
        • Shifting from thinking they were part of Great Britain to forging an independent nation
    • “Shifting Paradigms”
      • Result of a series of social, political, and intellectual transformations
      • The colonists began thinking differently for a variety of reasons, but one reason was the Enlightenment
        • Intellectual movement in Europe in the 18th century which focused on logic and reason
        • An example of shifting paradigms
          • Moving away from the church, monarchies
          • Increased availability of written material