Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation
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Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation

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Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation Lesson 1 Taxation without Representation Presentation Transcript

  • Bellringer What does the phrase “Taxation without Representation” mean?
  • “American Revolution”
    • Free Write
    • Write down any phrases or words that come to mind when you hear, “American Revolution”
  • “ Taxation without Representation”
    • Many American (British) colonists believed the lack of direct representation in the British Parliament was infringing on their rights as English citizens.
    • Therefore, the colonists felt the laws Parliament passed (particularly tax laws, as they affected the colonists more directly) were unconstitutional.
      • At this point the colonists viewed themselves
    View slide
  • “Virtual Representation”
    • Allegedly, Parliament members represented the interests of all British subjects rather than for the interests of only the district which elected him
      • William Pitt called it, “the most contemptible idea that ever entered into the head of a man; it does not deserve serious refutation.”
    • How representative is American government?
    View slide
  • Colonial Government
    • Government in the colonies (the governor) was an extension of the English government and represented its interests. Courts imposed British laws.
      • Foreign policy and diplomatic affairs were controlled by Parliament. This included the trading laws which later infuriated the colonists. The colonies handled local laws.
        • The colonists dealt with Native American conflict, while Britain handled foreign wars with France and Spain.
  • Colonial Government
      • Governor council members were appointed
      • Even though the colonists had assemblies such as the House of Burgesses, the governor’s rule was incontrovertible.
        • This desire to have a voice led to increased democratic thinking
  • Independent Thinking
    • However, British colonists did not originally think when coming to America, they would form a new, democratic country. This was the beginning of a changing mindset within the colonists.
  • Independent Thinking
    • The vote was awarded to more men in the American colonies than in most other countries
    • This taste of their own colonial government, along with their geographic distance from Great Britain and influences from the Enlightenment created an independent mindset within the colonists
    • Increased conflict between the Governor and his colonial assembly was an example of growing independence in the colonies
  • Colonial Issues with Parliament
    • Did not get a vote for representatives
      • No direct representation
      • During this fight for increased representation, the colonists argued on the basis of natural rights
        • Formed an argument around the idea that government should derive power from the governed
        • Influences from Enlightenment
  • Ireland and Great Britain
    • Ireland was part of the United Kingdom (in union with England)
    • With this union, Ireland came under direct rule of England
      • Ireland wanted its own government, but also wanted to remain loyal to the English monarchy
  • Ireland and Great Britain
    • Read article (“A Brief History of Ireland”) in groups
      • Discuss as a class
        • How does it relate to what we are studying?
  • Exit Card
    • What does, “Taxation without Representation” mean?
  • “ Shifting Paradigms”
    • What does this mean?
      • A paradigm is a concept; a set of ideas
      • When one shifts paradigms, they move from believing one set of ideas to a different set of ideas
        • What ideas would shift within the colonists?
  • “Shifting Paradigms”
    • The American Revolution was taking place before armed conflict at Lexington and Concord
      • It was a revolution within the minds of the colonists
      • Shifting from considering themselves British to seeing themselves as different
      • Shifting from thinking they were part of Great Britain to forging an independent nation
  • “Shifting Paradigms”
    • Result of a series of social, political, and intellectual transformations
    • The colonists began thinking differently for a variety of reasons, but one reason was the Enlightenment
      • Intellectual movement in Europe in the 18th century which focused on logic and reason
      • An example of shifting paradigms
        • Moving away from the church, monarchies
        • Increased availability of written material