1833-1901 Booming economy, rapid growth ◦ Brutal factory conditions, filthy slums Despite negative aspects, great optimism ◦ Faith in making everything right with the world ◦ Attempts to expand democracy, help the poor
Women ◦ Allowed to attend universities ◦ Workday reduced Children ◦ Free grammar schools ◦ Workday reduced Living/Working conditions ◦ Public sanitation ◦ Regulated factories and housing Business ◦ Repeal of Corn Laws (high taxes on grain) ◦ Free trade
1809-1892 Most popular poet of Victorian Era Influenced by Romantic poets “One of the finest looking men in the world. A great shock of rough dusty-dark hair; bright- laughing hazel eyes…of sallow-brown complexion, almost Indian-looking.” Thomas Carlyle
4th of 12 children Educated by his father at a young age Bitter, angry father unhappy home environment Cambridge University ◦ Bored, disappointed by classes Best friend, Arthur Henry Hallum, died at 22 (stroke) ◦ Devastated Tennyson, inspired work Hallum
Became incredibly popular in London 1850 Queen Victoria appointed him poet laureate after Wordsworth died 1884 made a baron, added “Lord” to name ◦ First English author to earn this title for his writing
Speaker: the person who „says‟ the words of a poem; not necessarily the poet Speaker categories: ◦ Fictional or Real ◦ Generalized (not described in specific detail) or Specific (given a detailed identity)
Tennyson shows different experiences of time: ◦ Perpetual present (nothing significant changes) ◦ Restless movement from past accomplishment into an unknown future ◦ Loss of the past
Based on Homer‟s epic the Odyssey Story of Greek king (Ulysses) who fought in the Trojan War for 10 years then wandered the seas for 10 more Ulysses returns home to Ithaca and faces old age Restless- considers going on another journey
1. Who is the speaker? ◦ (fictional/real, generalized/specific)2. Lines 1-5, Ulysses says its pointless to do what?3. L.11-12: What does Ulysses feel he is a symbol of?4. L.19-21: (a) When is the only time the world‟s “margin fades” and (b) what does this mean?5. L.30-32: What does Ulysses‟ “gray spirit” desire?6. L.43: What does Ulysses mean by “he works his work, I mine”?7. L.49: To whom is Ulysses speaking when he says “you and I are old”?8. L.52-55: What does he believe may still be done before “the long day wanes”?9. L.59-61: What is Ulysses‟ goal/purpose?10. What is Ulysses‟ overall attitude towards life?
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