Sonnets/Spenserian Sonnets

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Sonnets/Spenserian Sonnets

  1. 1. Sonnets<br />
  2. 2. What is a sonnet?<br />For the Elizabethans, “sonnet” referred to any short poem<br />Iambic pentameter = rhyme scheme<br />14 lines<br />Quatorzains<br />
  3. 3. Iambic pentameter<br />Iambic foot: unstressedsyllable followed by a stressedsyllable<br />(heartbeat)<br />A line of iambic pentameter is five iambic feet in a row:<br />˘(breve) = unstressed syllable<br />/(slash or ictus) = stressed syllable<br />
  4. 4. Renaissance Poetry<br />Renaissance Era = 2 basic poetic forms<br />Lyric<br />Narrative<br />2 types of lyric poetry:<br />Pastorals<br />Sonnets<br />
  5. 5. Sonnets<br />Sonnet Sequence/Cycle:<br />Collection<br />Story, person/thing<br />Unrequited love<br />Three types of sonnets:<br />Spenserian<br />Petrarchan<br />Shakespearian<br />
  6. 6. Edmund Spenser<br />1552-1599<br />Working-class<br />Lived off poetry money<br />The Faerie Queene<br />Knightly adventures<br />Good vs. Evil<br />Dedicated to Queen Elizabeth<br />Created own sonnet form<br />
  7. 7. Spenserian Sonnets<br />3 Quatrains (12 lines) + 1 Couplet (2 lines)<br /> a b a b<br /> b c b c<br /> c d c d<br /> e e<br />One day I wrote her name upon the strand,<br />But came the waves and washed it away;<br />Again I wrote it with a second hand,<br />But came the tide, and make my pains his prey.<br />
  8. 8. Format<br />Basic situation: speaker in love, unfulfilled<br />3 Quatrains = 3 distinct but closely related ideas<br />Couplet = different idea<br />The volta, or turn, occurs when the line pattern changes and there is a shift in subject or tone.<br />
  9. 9. Spenser: Sonnet 1<br />p. 240<br />
  10. 10. What are we looking for?<br />Rhyme scheme?<br />Addressed to what/whom?<br />Discussing what/whom?<br />Metaphor?<br />Feelings toward his love?<br />
  11. 11. Happy ye leaves when as those lily hands,<br />Which hold my life in their dead doing might,<br />Shall handle you, and hold in love's soft bands,<br />Like captives trembling at the victor's sight.<br />And happy lines! on which, with starry light,<br />Those lamping eyes will deign sometimes to look,<br />And read the sorrows of my dying sprite,<br />Written with tears in heart's close bleeding book.<br />And happy rhymes! bathed in the sacred brook<br />Of Helicon, whence she derived is,<br />When ye behold that angel's blessed look,<br />My soul's long lacked food, my heaven's bliss.<br />Leaves, lines, and rhymes seek her to please alone,<br />Whom if ye please, I care for other none<br />
  12. 12. What are we looking for?<br />Rhyme scheme? True Spenserian<br />Addressed to what/whom? His poetry<br />Discussing what/whom? His relationship with/love for a woman<br />Metaphor? Poet like the book…both will be held by his love  she holds his life in her hands<br />Feelings toward his love? In awe of her, angelic, a muse- she inspires his writing<br />

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