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Sonnets/Spenserian Sonnets

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Transcript

  • 1. Sonnets
  • 2. What is a sonnet?
    For the Elizabethans, “sonnet” referred to any short poem
    Iambic pentameter = rhyme scheme
    14 lines
    Quatorzains
  • 3. Iambic pentameter
    Iambic foot: unstressedsyllable followed by a stressedsyllable
    (heartbeat)
    A line of iambic pentameter is five iambic feet in a row:
    ˘(breve) = unstressed syllable
    /(slash or ictus) = stressed syllable
  • 4. Renaissance Poetry
    Renaissance Era = 2 basic poetic forms
    Lyric
    Narrative
    2 types of lyric poetry:
    Pastorals
    Sonnets
  • 5. Sonnets
    Sonnet Sequence/Cycle:
    Collection
    Story, person/thing
    Unrequited love
    Three types of sonnets:
    Spenserian
    Petrarchan
    Shakespearian
  • 6. Edmund Spenser
    1552-1599
    Working-class
    Lived off poetry money
    The Faerie Queene
    Knightly adventures
    Good vs. Evil
    Dedicated to Queen Elizabeth
    Created own sonnet form
  • 7. Spenserian Sonnets
    3 Quatrains (12 lines) + 1 Couplet (2 lines)
    a b a b
    b c b c
    c d c d
    e e
    One day I wrote her name upon the strand,
    But came the waves and washed it away;
    Again I wrote it with a second hand,
    But came the tide, and make my pains his prey.
  • 8. Format
    Basic situation: speaker in love, unfulfilled
    3 Quatrains = 3 distinct but closely related ideas
    Couplet = different idea
    The volta, or turn, occurs when the line pattern changes and there is a shift in subject or tone.
  • 9. Spenser: Sonnet 1
    p. 240
  • 10. What are we looking for?
    Rhyme scheme?
    Addressed to what/whom?
    Discussing what/whom?
    Metaphor?
    Feelings toward his love?
  • 11. Happy ye leaves when as those lily hands,
    Which hold my life in their dead doing might,
    Shall handle you, and hold in love's soft bands,
    Like captives trembling at the victor's sight.
    And happy lines! on which, with starry light,
    Those lamping eyes will deign sometimes to look,
    And read the sorrows of my dying sprite,
    Written with tears in heart's close bleeding book.
    And happy rhymes! bathed in the sacred brook
    Of Helicon, whence she derived is,
    When ye behold that angel's blessed look,
    My soul's long lacked food, my heaven's bliss.
    Leaves, lines, and rhymes seek her to please alone,
    Whom if ye please, I care for other none
  • 12. What are we looking for?
    Rhyme scheme? True Spenserian
    Addressed to what/whom? His poetry
    Discussing what/whom? His relationship with/love for a woman
    Metaphor? Poet like the book…both will be held by his love  she holds his life in her hands
    Feelings toward his love? In awe of her, angelic, a muse- she inspires his writing