Pilgrims vs Puritans

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Pilgrims vs Puritans

  1. 1. Pilgrims and Puritans<br />
  2. 2. Pilgrims<br />Puritans<br />A group of approximately 100 English people, primarily working class<br />Traveled to America in 1620 on the Mayflower<br />Settled in Plymouth, Mass.<br />Much larger group of English immigrants, primarily middle-upper class<br />Traveled to America 10 years after the Pilgrims<br />Established Massachusetts Bay Colony<br />Who were theyandwhere were they going?<br />
  3. 3. Pilgrims<br />Puritans<br />Sought to purify their church<br />Separatists  given up hope of reformation within Anglican Church, wanted to separate from it and start their own churches<br />Sought to purify their church<br />NOT Separatists  wanted to reform their church from within, Church of England continued to be the official church<br />Why did they come to America?<br />
  4. 4. Pilgrims<br />Puritans<br />What were their governments like?<br />Mayflower Compact<br />Members of colony = covenant<br />Elected to office, treated as equals<br />Similar to democracy, good of common man<br />Elected to office, BUT once chosen believed to have divine authority (accountable to God, not the people)<br />Similar to theocracy, religious foundations<br />
  5. 5. Pilgrims<br />Puritans<br />Superior, strict, inflexible, authoritarian<br />Gentle, tolerant, camaraderie, open-minded<br />What were their attitudes like?<br />
  6. 6. Puritan Poetry<br />Vehicle of spiritual enlightenment<br />More concerned with the message than the literary form<br />Edward Taylor, Anne Bradstreet<br />
  7. 7. Anne Bradstreet<br />
  8. 8. Anne Bradstreet: Background<br />Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1630 (only 18 at the time)<br />Husband: Simon<br />Puritan upbringing<br />Raised 8 children<br />Devoted spare time to<br /> “unladylike” writing<br />
  9. 9. Anne Bradstreet: Female Author<br />Wrote for herself, not publication, but her brother arranged for publication of her poems<br />The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, By a Gentlewoman of Those Parts<br />1st collection of original poetry written in colonial America<br />Examined rights of women to learn and express themselves<br />Moving, personal voice shone through conventional Puritanism of her themes<br />Later works focus on feelings about joys/difficulties of everyday Puritan life<br />  “To My Dear and Loving Husband”<br />

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