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Pilgrims vs Puritans
 

Pilgrims vs Puritans

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    Pilgrims vs Puritans Pilgrims vs Puritans Presentation Transcript

    • Pilgrims and Puritans
    • Pilgrims
      Puritans
      A group of approximately 100 English people, primarily working class
      Traveled to America in 1620 on the Mayflower
      Settled in Plymouth, Mass.
      Much larger group of English immigrants, primarily middle-upper class
      Traveled to America 10 years after the Pilgrims
      Established Massachusetts Bay Colony
      Who were theyandwhere were they going?
    • Pilgrims
      Puritans
      Sought to purify their church
      Separatists  given up hope of reformation within Anglican Church, wanted to separate from it and start their own churches
      Sought to purify their church
      NOT Separatists  wanted to reform their church from within, Church of England continued to be the official church
      Why did they come to America?
    • Pilgrims
      Puritans
      What were their governments like?
      Mayflower Compact
      Members of colony = covenant
      Elected to office, treated as equals
      Similar to democracy, good of common man
      Elected to office, BUT once chosen believed to have divine authority (accountable to God, not the people)
      Similar to theocracy, religious foundations
    • Pilgrims
      Puritans
      Superior, strict, inflexible, authoritarian
      Gentle, tolerant, camaraderie, open-minded
      What were their attitudes like?
    • Puritan Poetry
      Vehicle of spiritual enlightenment
      More concerned with the message than the literary form
      Edward Taylor, Anne Bradstreet
    • Anne Bradstreet
    • Anne Bradstreet: Background
      Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1630 (only 18 at the time)
      Husband: Simon
      Puritan upbringing
      Raised 8 children
      Devoted spare time to
      “unladylike” writing
    • Anne Bradstreet: Female Author
      Wrote for herself, not publication, but her brother arranged for publication of her poems
      The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, By a Gentlewoman of Those Parts
      1st collection of original poetry written in colonial America
      Examined rights of women to learn and express themselves
      Moving, personal voice shone through conventional Puritanism of her themes
      Later works focus on feelings about joys/difficulties of everyday Puritan life
       “To My Dear and Loving Husband”