Historical Context 19th century England always concerned with making progress Trying to improve on the past and lead to a more reasonable future Scientific and technological advances Gas street lamps, steamboat, railroads, savings banks, postal service
Newspapers Gathering news from across the world = how Victorians measured their progress Brought opinions and news about social conditions to public’s attention The Times of London Independent, objective Circulation: 5,000 in 1815 to 40,000 in 1850
Journalistic Essays Short prose pieces Provide perspectives on current events or trends Make serious or trivial stories out of news Use of the voice of an all-knowing witness OR Offer individual opinions about common concerns
Literary Terms Informative language: provides facts Ex.: The peasants were killed by troops. Emotive language: uses words, phrases, and examples for emotional effect Ex.: The peasants were slaughtered by troops. Important to identify because an author may be biased
Sydney Smith 1771-1845 Writer and preacher Co-founded The Edinburgh Review Wrote about progress in serious issues Government reform, prisons, slavery, religious freedom Celebrates progress in areas of personal comfort we now depend on Streetlights, railways, umbrellas
“Progress in Personal Comfort” Take notes! You can use them on the Reading Check Quiz after we read.
“Progress in Personal Comfort” Reading Check Quiz1. (1) What don’t we realize when we are born?2. (1) What is Smith going to do in the article?3. Name one example given in informative language.4. Name one example given in emotive language.5. Name two improvements in public safety.6. Name two improvements in transportation.7. (7) What does Smith mean by “I am now ashamed that I was not more discontented”?
Classwork p. 957, #s 4 & 5 (Smith only) List 10 modern amenities that did not exist in or have improved since your parents’ time. Rank these improvements in order of personal importance. Choose your top 5 and write in a similar manner as Smith about these progressions. (10-15 sent.) What has improved? How has this affected society? Is there a difference between your life and your parents’ because of these progressions? Try to imagine 2-3 improvements that may be made in the future and describe these. (5-7 sent.) Why might this happen? How will this progress affect your life? In what ways might these improvements help society?