Longfellow & Holmes

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Longfellow & Holmes

  1. 1.  Henry Wadsworth Longfellow  Harvard professor, very popular poet John Greenleaf Whittier  Quaker farm family James Russell Lowell  Aristocracy Oliver Wendell Holmes  Poet-physician, highly honored
  2. 2.  1807-1882 1stAmerican poet to create a national interest in poetry  VERY popular…75th birthday treated like holiday Adapted traditional European forms/themes to American subjects Romanticized view of America‟s history and democratic ideals Poetry = optimistic, sentimental
  3. 3.  1809-1894 Descendant of Anne Bradstreet Studied law for a bit, changed to medicine  Doctor, poet, professor Essays = exaggeration, quotable “OldIronsides”  protesting destruction of battleship Constitution (War of 1812)  Poem saved ship, made Holmes nationally recognized poet
  4. 4.  Meter : systematic arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables Foot : basic unit of meter Iamb : most common foot in American poetry; unstressed syllable, stressed syllable˘ = breve (unstressed) „ = ictus (stressed)
  5. 5.  Example : Iambic Tetrameter  four iambs per line The sun that brief December day Rose cheerless over hills of gray Mood : atmosphere; the feeling created in a reader by a literary work  Influenced by setting, tone, subject, word choice

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