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Hamlet Hamlet Presentation Transcript

  • The Renaissance Movement
    Religious devotion Human’s place on Earth
  • The English Renaissance: 1485-1660
    Tudor Period: 1485-1558
    -King Henry VIII
    -Edward I
    -Mary I
    Elizabethan Age/Period
    (High Renaissance):
    Jacobean Age/Period: 1603-1625
    View slide
  • The Elizabethan Age/Period: The High Renaissance: 1558-1603
    • Reign of Queen Elizabeth I View slide
    • arts
    • The theatre becomes extremely popular
    • William Shakespeare emerges as a playwright and poet
    • Starts as an actor
    • Eventually becomes a financially
    successful playwright who owns
    a controlling interest in his own theatre (The Globe)
  • Elizabethan Theatre I
    • If you were a writer during this period and wanted to tell a story, you either:
    • wrote a long narrative poem
    • wrote plays
    • Shakespeare did both, but he
    made his real money investing
    in the theatre
    • The majority of plays were written
    mostly in verse (poetry)
    • Plays appeared in many genres
    • Tragedy
    • Comedy
    • History
    • Romance (adventure)
  • Elizabethan Theatre II
    Day performances, bearbaiting
    Roles were played by male actors, which means boys were taking on the parts of women
    Little scenery was used; plays were not concerned about realism or consistency
  • Jacobean Theatre
    Theatre continues much the same as it was in the Elizabethan Age
    Revenge tragedies like Hamlet become very popular
  • The Tragedy of Hamlet, I
    A revenge tragedy, possibly written in 1602 & published in 1624.
    • Prince Hamlet
    • Ghost of Old Hamlet – Former king, Hamlet’s father
    • King Claudius – Hamlet’s uncle and stepfather, Gertrude’s husband
    • Queen Gertrude – Hamlet’s mother, widow of Old Hamlet, married Claudius just before the start of the play
    Gertrude and Claudius
    Hamlet and Ghost
  • The Tragedy of Hamlet, II
    More Characters:
    • Polonius – Advisor to King Claudius
    • Laertes – Son of Polonius, attends university in France, returns home for a funeral
    • Ophelia – Daughter of Polonius, probably somewhere between 14 and 19 years of age
    • Horatio – Hamlet’s best friend, visiting from university
    • Rosencrantz and Guildenstern – childhood friends of Hamlet
    Ophelia and Polonius
  • Hamlet: Important Plot Points
    Imagine you are Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, maybe just 16 years old…
    • Your father is an incredible king, a military hero whom you adore.
    • You are closer to your mother Gertrude, a beautiful queen who raised you herself, than to anyone.
  • Hamlet: Important Plot Points, I
    • When you are away at school the King suddenly dies…
    • Arriving home for the funeral, you discover that your uncle Claudius, the new king, has married your mother!
    • Soon, a ghost appears who looks just like your father and says that your uncle killed him! The ghost, your late father, demands that you avenge his murder.
  • Hamlet: Important Plot Points, II
    • But your uncle is now the King and it is medieval times…
    • The King is the government
    • No courts, attorneys- no legal options!
    • Mother can’t help- wives must obey their husbands
    • Claudius is not a bad king: he’s popular among the people.
    • Devil = force out in the world ready to deceive and tempt one to sin. Is the ghost a devil, a demon sent from Hell?
  • Hamlet: Questions to Consider, I
    Why does Hamlet not succeed his father on the throne?
    • In Denmark at this time, the government is not a hereditary monarchy but an elective one.
    A council selected Claudius as successor,
    not Prince Hamlet.
    • While Hamlet seems to have accepted this situation, we can imagine it could cause friction between Hamlet and his uncle.
  • Hamlet: Questions to Consider, II
    How old is Hamlet?
    • Prince Hamlet has been recalled from university in Wittenberg (Germany) for his father's funeral. Is Hamlet somewhere between sixteen and twenty (the appropriate college age for a male noble of his time),
    or is he thirty (a graduate student)?
    This age question presents a problem: Is Hamlet more of an adolescent, teenager? That age makes some of his behavior make more sense.
  • Hamlet: Motifs(Repeated Ideas, Words, Images, Symbols)
    Suicide/Death (Dust/Dirt)
    (Violent) Sexual Imagery and Oedipus Myth (Incest)
    Imagery of Weeds/Compost & Sterility
    Thinking/Contemplation (Inaction) vs. Acting/Action (Philosopher vs. Warrior)
    Appearance/Illusion vs. Reality
    Certainty vs. Uncertainty Vs.
    Trust vs. Distrust
    Honesty/Truth vs. Dishonesty (Deception/Spying)
    Misogyny (Note: Hamlet’s hateful attitude toward women as exemplified in his treatment of Ophelia and Gertrude)
  • Uncertainty, Insecurity, Change, I
    Hamlet raises these existential questions:
    • In a world of uncertainty, in a world where things are not often what the appear to be, what & whom can I trust?
    • Who am I?
    • What is my purpose? How can I know?
  • Uncertainty, Insecurity, Change, II
    Religious Turmoil, uncertainty
    • The division of the church in England divided the people into Catholics & Protestants.
    • Assassination attempts on Elizabeth & James resulted in cruel and brutal retaliations.