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Concession and Rebuttal -- OSPI
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Concession and Rebuttal -- OSPI

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OSPI lesson for persuasive writing download for classroom use: ...

OSPI lesson for persuasive writing download for classroom use:
from Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction
Essay Modules for Classroom Use download from:
http://www.k12.wa.us/assessment/WASL/writing/writingmodules.aspx

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Concession and Rebuttal -- OSPI Concession and Rebuttal -- OSPI Presentation Transcript

  • Persuasive Writing Concession/Rebuttal OSPI
  • Organizational Structure – Concession / Rebuttal
      • Recognizing the opposing viewpoint
      • Conceding something may have some merit
      • Then countering with another argument
  • Take this! Take that! (Think about both sides of an issue.)
    • You have been asked to be on a committee to review your high school’s rules. Choose one rule that needs to be revised, added, or eliminated.
    • Using the “Take this” form, write down your rule.
    • Trade your paper with a partner.
  • Take this! Take that!
    • Acting as principal, respond to your partner’s paper with your own arguments.
    • When you get your own paper back, counter the principal’s argument from a student viewpoint.
    • Repeat, following the same procedure.
    • Repeat procedure once more.
    • Your paper, when complete, will be argument and counter-argument.
  • Discussion
    • Form a new group with two new people for a discussion.
    • Each person reads his/her paper .
    • Select one paper from the group and discuss the answers to the following questions:
      • Were the counter arguments effective?
      • What made them effective or not?
      • Were you persuaded? Why or why not?
  • Take it up a notch!
    • What do the words concession / rebuttal mean?
    • Where have you experienced concession?
    • Where have you experienced rebuttal?
    • Defend why it might be a good idea to use concession and rebuttal.
  • Concession / Rebuttal
    • There is nothing more important to students than the ability to express their unique sense of self. Whether it’s grunge, goth, or glam, each student at our high school is a person whose voice must be heard. Dress codes would turn us all into a bland, uniform mass of white and navy. Having a school dress code might improve discipline, which might be true in schools where students fight over shoes, but enforcing a dress code will cause student rebellion, generating even more discipline issues than we have now. Some say a dress code will reduce the numbers of cliques in school, but students will adapt and find new ways to express themselves. Hairstyles, piercings, and tattoos will not just prove which group the student belongs to, but will make students even more of a discipline problem when the tattoos permanently express youth distress. We are still individuals and should be allowed to express ourselves, and allowed our civil rights. Students must never be forced to wear uniforms at the school board’s wishes.
  • Concession / Rebuttal
    • A reader of your essay is more likely to listen to you if you show you can see his/her point of view before you counter that argument.
    • Concession is when you acknowledge or consider the opposing viewpoint, conceding something that has some merit.
    • Rebuttal is when your own argument proves the other side to be flawed, and shows your argument is stronger.
    • Read the Cell Phone articles and highlight areas of concession and rebuttal.
  • Looking at the Other Side
    • Concession is a strategy.
      • Concede only one or two points.
      • Choose what you concede strategically.
    • Rebuttal is a strategy.
      • Not everything needs rebuttal.
      • Rebut the most important or most easily supported points.
    • Students have used Concession / Rebuttal successfully on the WASL.
  • Transitional Phrases – Concession / Rebuttal
    • It is true that…however…therefore…
    • Certainly…but…in short…
    • Admittedly…on the other hand…so…
    • Of course…nevertheless…as a result…
    • Obviously…on the contrary…finally…
    • Sure…however…in addition…
  • Concessions – example one
    • Find the transitions in this paragraph.
    • It is true that students should not have headphones on when their teachers are giving a lesson. Students should not be allowed to block out their teachers. However, when every member of the class is working individually after important information has been given, listening to music can be a helpful learning tool. It would create a more relaxing, calm environment for learning. Some students can concentrate more while listening to music. As a result grades could go up and it would definitely make school more enjoyable. Therefore, our school should allow headphones in the classroom.
  • Concessions – student sample
    • Example 1
    • It is true that students should not have headphones on when their teachers are giving a lesson. Students should not be allowed to block out their teachers. However , when every member of the class is working individually after important information has been given, listening to music can be a helpful learning tool. It would create a more relaxing, calm environment for learning. Some students can concentrate more while listening to music. As a result grades could go up and it would definitely make school more enjoyable. Therefore , our school should allow headphones in the classroom.
  • Concessions – example two
    • Find the transitions – some were not listed.
    • Certainly, some students abuse the absentee policy and lie about being sick. They usually try to get out of school for one reason or the other. But the majority of students stay home because they are sick. When a student is sick, he should be focusing on getting better, not worrying about missing classes and grades. Also when a student comes to school when he is sick because he doesn’t want to lose credits, he is not helping himself. Chances are he'll have trouble concentrating and won't learn anything. In fact, he will probably be spreading germs to other students. The bottom line is a student has no control over when he is going to get sick. It would be better for everyone if excused absences were dismissed.
  • Concessions – student sample
    • Example 2
    • Certainly , some students abuse the absentee policy and lie about being sick. They usually try to get out of school for one reason or the other. But the majority of students stay home because they are sick. When a student is sick, he should be focusing on getting better, not worrying about missing classes and grades. Also when a student comes to school when he is sick because he doesn’t want to lose credits, he is not helping himself. Chances are he'll have trouble concentrating and won't learn anything. In fact , he will probably be spreading germs to other students. The bottom line is a student has no control over when he is going to get sick. It would be better for everyone if excused absences were dismissed.
  • Concession / Rebuttal – application
    • Look at your arguments from your Take This! Take That! activity.
    • Include your best arguments in a multiple-paragraph letter convincing your principal to your position.
    • Apply concession / rebuttal strategies.
    • Select and apply appropriate transitions as you write.