Virtual Field Trip   Ms. Cullen
The Goal• The Goal of this field trip is  to help you identify the  cause and effects of the  French and Indian War. The L...
Rivalry Between France      and Britain On 18th century maps, New Francecovered an enormous expansestretching from hudson’...
The Fur Trade• The colonization and the  development of New France were  closely associated with a raw  material much need...
Conflict in the Ohio Valley• English settlers stayed along the  Atlantic coast until the 1740s.• English traders began cro...
• French traders moved east from  the Great Lakes and south from  Canada                 F                 r              ...
• Each group believed they owned the  rights to the land• Both English and French settlers  attempted to colonize the area...
Native Americans and the           French• Most French settlers in North America  were fur trappers and traders• They did ...
Native Americans and the              British decided• Some Native Americans  that the only way to protect their  way of l...
1753• French troops from Canada  marched south to seize and fortify  the Ohio Valley.• Britain protested the invasion and ...
• Robert Dinwiddie, lieutenant  governor of Virginia sent 21 year  old George Washington to deliver a  letter to the Frenc...
The British Build Fort      Prince George• The British built Fort Prince  George at a point where the  Allegheny and Monon...
Fort Duquesne• The French knocked down the British  fort and built Fort Duquesne
• Washington was sent back to the  Ohio country in April 1754 to assist  in the building of Fort Prince  George• On the wa...
May 1754• Washington launched a surprise  attack on the French• French Ensign de Jumonville and a  third of his militia we...
• "I fortunately escaped without any    wound, for the right wing, where I    stood, was exposed to and received    all th...
• Anticipating a French  counterattack ,Washington  ordered his men to build a fort in a  marshy cleared called Great  Mea...
Fort Necessity
• The British sent General Edward  Braddock to America in 1754 to  restore and strengthen the British  position in the Ohi...
The Battle of the Wilderness• Braddock decided to attack Fort  Duquesne using the European style  of fighting• They lined ...
• The French and Indians hid in the  woods• They wore skins to camouflage  themselves• They shot at the British from the  ...
• General Braddock died in the  battle from a shot in the lungs• Two-thirds of his men were killed  or wounded
1756The Seven Years War or theFrench and Indian War begins asGreat Britain declares war onFrance expanding the NorthAmeric...
July 1758• General Jeffrey Amherst captured  Louisbourg, a French fort that  guarded the mouth of the St.  Lawrence River.
July 1759• English soldiers and Iroquois  Indians captured Fort Niagara and  control of the Niagara River
William Pitt• In 1757, Britain had a new  secretary of state, William Pitt• He was determined to win the war in  the colon...
Fort Pitt• By August 1759, the British  controlled six French forts including  Fort Duquesne (rebuilt as Fort Pitt)• In la...
Quebec 1759
Quebec City Today
The British take Quebec• British General James Wolfe sailed  around the fort for two months• In September, a scout found a...
• Under cover of darkness Wolfe and  4,000 men floated to the path and  secretly climbed the cliffs
The Siege of Quebec 1759 Quebec
• When the French awoke, the British  were lined up on the plains, ready  to attack
French Troops on the Plains of Abraham
The British Are Victorious• During the battle British General  James Wolfe was killed and French  General Montcalm died of...
The Treaty of Paris• Britain gained control of all of  North America east of the  Mississippi River• Spain gained New Orle...
Virtual field the french and indian war
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Virtual field the french and indian war

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Social Studies, French and Indian War, History, 8th grade history,

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Virtual field the french and indian war

  1. 1. Virtual Field Trip Ms. Cullen
  2. 2. The Goal• The Goal of this field trip is to help you identify the cause and effects of the French and Indian War. The Lenni-Lenape were one of the largest Delaware speaking tribes and fought as scouts in the French and Indian War
  3. 3. Rivalry Between France and Britain On 18th century maps, New Francecovered an enormous expansestretching from hudson’s Bay tothe mouth of the Mississippi, andfrom the shores of Acadia to theRocky Mountains. British French
  4. 4. The Fur Trade• The colonization and the development of New France were closely associated with a raw material much needed in Europe: fur. Beaver, whose fur was used to make felt hats was abundant in the forests of North America.
  5. 5. Conflict in the Ohio Valley• English settlers stayed along the Atlantic coast until the 1740s.• English traders began crossing the Appalachian Mountains in search of furs. British settlers move west
  6. 6. • French traders moved east from the Great Lakes and south from Canada F r e n c h
  7. 7. • Each group believed they owned the rights to the land• Both English and French settlers attempted to colonize the area around present day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  8. 8. Native Americans and the French• Most French settlers in North America were fur trappers and traders• They did not destroy Native American hunting grounds by clearing forests• They married Native American women• The Algonquian and the Huron people decided to side with the French
  9. 9. Native Americans and the British decided• Some Native Americans that the only way to protect their way of life was to take sides in the struggle.• The powerful Iroquois Confederation sided with the British because they hated the Algonquin and the Huron peoples
  10. 10. 1753• French troops from Canada marched south to seize and fortify the Ohio Valley.• Britain protested the invasion and claimed Ohio for itself.
  11. 11. • Robert Dinwiddie, lieutenant governor of Virginia sent 21 year old George Washington to deliver a letter to the French commander asking them to leave the area• The French sent Washington away
  12. 12. The British Build Fort Prince George• The British built Fort Prince George at a point where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers come together to form the Ohio River• The fort was captured by the French before it was completed
  13. 13. Fort Duquesne• The French knocked down the British fort and built Fort Duquesne
  14. 14. • Washington was sent back to the Ohio country in April 1754 to assist in the building of Fort Prince George• On the way, Washington received word that the French had just completed Fort Duquesne• Shortly after, Indian scouts warned Washington that the French were in the area
  15. 15. May 1754• Washington launched a surprise attack on the French• French Ensign de Jumonville and a third of his militia were killed by the united commanded by Washington
  16. 16. • "I fortunately escaped without any wound, for the right wing, where I stood, was exposed to and received all the enemys fire, and it was the part where the man was killed, and the rest wounded. I heard the bullets whistle, and, believe me there is something charming in the sound."•
  17. 17. • Anticipating a French counterattack ,Washington ordered his men to build a fort in a marshy cleared called Great Meadow later named Fort Necessity• Later in the month the French surrounded the fort• Washington quickly ran out of ammunition• Under the terms of the surrender
  18. 18. Fort Necessity
  19. 19. • The British sent General Edward Braddock to America in 1754 to restore and strengthen the British position in the Ohio Valley and the Great Lakes region after the defeat of George Washington at Fort Necessity
  20. 20. The Battle of the Wilderness• Braddock decided to attack Fort Duquesne using the European style of fighting• They lined up with their red coats and long clumsy muskets• Making them easy targets
  21. 21. • The French and Indians hid in the woods• They wore skins to camouflage themselves• They shot at the British from the woods• the British soldiers “Broke and ran as sheep pursued By dogs” George Washington
  22. 22. • General Braddock died in the battle from a shot in the lungs• Two-thirds of his men were killed or wounded
  23. 23. 1756The Seven Years War or theFrench and Indian War begins asGreat Britain declares war onFrance expanding the NorthAmerican conflict to Europe,Africa, Asia and South America.
  24. 24. July 1758• General Jeffrey Amherst captured Louisbourg, a French fort that guarded the mouth of the St. Lawrence River.
  25. 25. July 1759• English soldiers and Iroquois Indians captured Fort Niagara and control of the Niagara River
  26. 26. William Pitt• In 1757, Britain had a new secretary of state, William Pitt• He was determined to win the war in the colonies• he sent Britain’s Best generals to the colonies• He borrowed money to pay colonial troops to fight William Pitt
  27. 27. Fort Pitt• By August 1759, the British controlled six French forts including Fort Duquesne (rebuilt as Fort Pitt)• In late summer, the British began to attack the capital of New France, Quebec• Quebec sat on cliffs 300 feet above the St. Lawrence River• It was protected by cannons and thousands of soldiers
  28. 28. Quebec 1759
  29. 29. Quebec City Today
  30. 30. The British take Quebec• British General James Wolfe sailed around the fort for two months• In September, a scout found a steep, unguarded path up the cliffs to the plains just west of Quebec Landing barrages
  31. 31. • Under cover of darkness Wolfe and 4,000 men floated to the path and secretly climbed the cliffs
  32. 32. The Siege of Quebec 1759 Quebec
  33. 33. • When the French awoke, the British were lined up on the plains, ready to attack
  34. 34. French Troops on the Plains of Abraham
  35. 35. The British Are Victorious• During the battle British General James Wolfe was killed and French General Montcalm died of his wounds the next day• The French surrendered Quebec to the British• After Montreal fell in 1760, all of Canada was in British hands
  36. 36. The Treaty of Paris• Britain gained control of all of North America east of the Mississippi River• Spain gained New Orleans and the French territory west of the Mississippi• France kept a few islands near Newfoundland and in the West Indies
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