The American Nation Chapter 4 section 3 notes

4,587 views
4,314 views

Published on

Notes created by Mr. Inman and Mr. Zolli 2013

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,587
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3,655
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The American Nation Chapter 4 section 3 notes

  1. 1. Southern Colonies
  2. 2. Essential Questions • What reason(s) were individuals coming to America? • Why did these individuals believe life would be better in America?
  3. 3. Essential Questions • What political, economic, and religious challenges faced the new settlers? • How did the settlers combat these political, economic, and religious challenges?
  4. 4. Tobacco
  5. 5. Rice
  6. 6. Maryland Was Important to Roman Catholics • 1632—Sir George Calvert became a Roman Catholic. He asked King Charles I for a colony in the Americas for Catholics. Calvert died. His son, Lord Baltimore, took over.
  7. 7. Lord Baltimore
  8. 8. Maryland • 1634—Settlers arrived in Maryland. Lord Baltimore appointed a governor and council of advisers, but he let colonists elect an assembly.
  9. 9. Maryland • 1649—Lord Baltimore asked the assembly to pass an Act of Toleration, a law that provided religious freedom for all Christians.
  10. 10. Bacon’s Rebellion •Settlers arrived in Virginia, expecting profits from planting tobacco.
  11. 11. Bacon’s Rebellion •Wealthy planters already had the best lands near the coast. Newcomers were pushed farther inland, onto Indian lands.
  12. 12. Bacon’s Rebellion •Settlers and Indians clashed.
  13. 13. Bacon’s Rebellion •Settlers asked the governor for help. He wouldn’t act.
  14. 14. Bacon’s Rebellion • In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon organized angry frontier planters. They raided Native American villages, then burned Jamestown.
  15. 15. Bacon’s Rebellion •The revolt soon ended when Bacon died suddenly.
  16. 16. Carolinas North: • poor tobacco farmers from Virginia • small farms
  17. 17. Carolinas South: • eight English nobles • Charles Town • settlers from the Caribbean • rice and indigo, a plant used to make blue dye • enslaved Africans
  18. 18. Indigo Plant
  19. 19. Georgia Founded Georgia •James Oglethorpe •debtors, or people who owed money and could not pay
  20. 20. James Oglethorpe
  21. 21. Formative Question
  22. 22. •The Southern Colonies were especially known for ...
  23. 23. a) shipbuilding. b) fishing and whaling. c) rice and tobacco.
  24. 24. Formative Question
  25. 25. •One reason why the slave trade grew was that ...
  26. 26. a) plantations needed large numbers of workers. b) so many slaves died during the voyage. c) colonists were defying the Quakers who spoke out against it.
  27. 27. Why the Slave Trade Grew in the 1700s ?
  28. 28. 1619 •First enslaved Africans arrived in Virginia
  29. 29. 1600s •Some Africans remained enslaved, some were servants, a few were free.
  30. 30. Early 1700s • Carolina plantations needed large numbers of workers. • The planters came to rely on slave labor
  31. 31. 1700s • Slave ships carried millions of enslaved Africans west across the Atlantic. • Colonists enacted slave codes. • Many colonists displayed racism, though a few spoke out against slavery.
  32. 32. Middle Passage
  33. 33. Social Classes in Colonial Society Gentry •wealthy planters, merchants, ministers, successful lawyers, royal officials
  34. 34. Social Classes in Colonial Society Middle Class • farmers, skilled crafts workers, some trades people Lower Class • farmhands, indentured servants— people who signed contracts to work without wages in return for their ocean passage—and slaves
  35. 35. The Great Awakening encouraged people to a) remain in the churches they had grown up with. b) worship in a calm, quiet atmosphere. c) think more independently about their political rights and governments.
  36. 36. Benjamin Franklin is a good example of the Enlightenment spirit because he a) used reason to invent practical devices and create public services. b) rose from the lower class to the middle class. c) published the first regular weekly newspaper in the English colonies.
  37. 37. Review for Test/Study Guide Chapter 4 •Page 122 Triangular Trade (Notes) •Essential Questions
  38. 38. Essential Questions • What reason(s) were individuals coming to America? • Why did these individuals believe life would be better in America?
  39. 39. Essential Questions • What political, economic, and religious challenges faced the new settlers? • How did the settlers combat these political, economic, and religious challenges?
  40. 40. Mercantilism •Economic theory stating that a nation became strong by controlling trade.
  41. 41. Export •To sell goods outside a country.
  42. 42. Triangular Trade
  43. 43. Legislature •A group of people with the power to make laws.
  44. 44. Bill of Rights •A written list of freedoms a government promises to protect.

×