Social Studies The American Nation chapter 5


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Social Studies The American Nation chapter 5

  1. 1. The American Nation Mr. Inman Mr. Zolli
  2. 2. Prior What three political divisions existed within the 13 English colonies?
  3. 3. Previewing Which nation is likely to fight with Britain over territory in North America?
  4. 4. Essential Question What is independence?
  5. 5. Essential Question Why was winning the French and Indian War the beginning of conflict for the British and the colonists ?
  6. 6. Essential Questions How did Britain's victory in the French and Indian War mark the end of the French empire in North America?
  7. 7. Essential Questions How did taxation without representation further contribute to the struggle for independence?
  8. 8. Essential Question What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Patriots and the British during the American Revolution?
  9. 9. European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe.
  10. 10. France and England both claimed land in North America.
  11. 11. English settlers pushing westward clashed with French fur traders in the Ohio Valley.
  12. 12. Native Americans were caught up in the conflict. Algonquins and Hurons sided with the French. Iroquois supported the English.
  13. 13. In 1754, France and Great Britain began to fight in the Ohio River Valley. English settlers called the fight against France and their Indian allies the French and Indian War.
  14. 14. Sugar Cane
  15. 15. Molasses
  16. 16. RUM
  17. 17. Rum Still
  18. 18. The Death of General Wolfe is a well-known 1770 painting by Anglo-American artist Benjamin West depicting the death of British General James Wolfe during the 1759 Battle of Quebec of the Seven Years
  19. 19. The death of Gen. Wolfe at the Battle of Quebec. British forces under Wolfe's command took Quebec on September 13, 1759, effectively ending the French and Indian War.
  20. 20. Battle of Quebec Plains of Abraham
  21. 21. Formative Question
  22. 22. As a result of the French and Indian War...
  23. 23. a) the Iroquois deserted the British. b) the city of Pittsburgh grew up. c) France lost its empire in North America. d) France controlled shipping on the St. Lawrence River.
  24. 24. Formative Question
  25. 25. In North America, the French and the English clashed over...
  26. 26. a)land claims and fur trade. b) which Native Americans would be their allies. c) clearing the forests. d) rights to the Mississippi River.
  27. 27. The Treaty of Paris The treaty marked the end of French power in North America. Britain gained Canada and all French lands east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.
  28. 28. The Treaty of Paris Spain gave up Florida to Britain. Spain received New Orleans and all French land west of the Mississippi. Spain kept its empire in Central and South America.
  29. 29. Boston Massacre
  30. 30. Britain sent soldiers to Boston to protect customs officials.
  31. 31. Bostonians saw the British as bullies and insulted or even assaulted the British soldiers.
  32. 32. On March 5, 1770, Bostonians gathered outside the Boston customs house, shouting insults and throwing ice and rocks at the British guards.
  33. 33. Panicked soldiers fired into the crowd, killing some colonists.
  34. 34. Colonists protested the incident, calling it the Boston Massacre.
  35. 35. The soldiers were tried, but John Adams defended them and was able to win light sentences for them.
  36. 36. Samuel Adams formed a committee of correspondence, a group that regularly wrote letters and pamphlets reporting to other colonies on events in Massachusetts.
  37. 37. Prior What is intolerable?
  38. 38. Tea
  39. 39. The American Revolution Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773
  40. 40. Original Tea Party Chest
  41. 41. The British East India Company sold tea to colonial tea merchants. The tea merchants sold the tea to the colonists for a higher price.
  42. 42. When the British East India Company had money troubles, Parliament passed the Tea Act.
  43. 43. The act said British East India Company could sell directly to colonists.
  44. 44. American merchants protested being cut out of the tea trade. Other colonists said it was a trick to force colonists to pay the tax on tea. Colonists boycotted tea.
  45. 45. The Boston Sons of Liberty showed their displeasure by staging the Boston Tea Party. Disguised as Indians, they raided three ships and dumped their cargo of tea into Boston harbor.
  46. 46. Intolerable Acts—passed to punish Massachusetts The port of Boston was closed.
  47. 47. Massachusetts colonists could not hold town meetings more than once a year without the governor’s permission.
  48. 48. Customs officers and other officials could be tried in Britain or Canada instead of in Massachusetts.
  49. 49. A new Quartering Act said colonists must house British soldiers in their homes.
  50. 50. Formative Question
  51. 51. Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts to a) collect taxes on tea. b) punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. c) separate French Canadians from English colonists.
  52. 52. Formative Question
  53. 53. When British troops marched on Lexington and Concord, they a) shouted “The redcoats are coming!” b) surprised the colonists. c) clashed with armed minutemen.
  54. 54. What? Quebec Act
  55. 55. What happened? Parliament set up a government for Canada.
  56. 56. Results Angered colonists because it included the land between the Ohio and Missouri Rivers as part of Canada, which the English colonists claimed.
  57. 57. What? First Continental Congress
  58. 58. What happened? Delegates from 12 colonies gathered in Philadelphia.
  59. 59. Results Boycott all British goods and to stop exporting goods to Britain. Urged each colony to set up a militia, which is an army of citizens who serve as soldiers in an emergency. Agreed to meet again the next year.
  60. 60. Who? Minuteman
  61. 61. What happened? A volunteer prepared to resist the British.
  62. 62. Results British heard that the minutemen had arms stored near Boston.
  63. 63. Where? Lexington
  64. 64. What happened? Village near Boston. Minutemen met British soldiers on the village green.
  65. 65. Results Shots rang out. Colonists were killed.
  66. 66. Where? Concord
  67. 67. What happened? Town near Boston. Minutemen met British soldiers on Concord bridge.
  68. 68. Results Colonists forced the British to retreat. With the battles at Lexington and Concord, war had begun.