Social Studies The American Nation chapter 5

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Social Studies The American Nation chapter 5

Social Studies The American Nation chapter 5

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  • 1. The American Nation Mr. Inman Mr. Zolli
  • 2. Prior What three political divisions existed within the 13 English colonies?
  • 3. Previewing Which nation is likely to fight with Britain over territory in North America?
  • 4. Essential Question What is independence?
  • 5. Essential Question Why was winning the French and Indian War the beginning of conflict for the British and the colonists ?
  • 6. Essential Questions How did Britain's victory in the French and Indian War mark the end of the French empire in North America?
  • 7. Essential Questions How did taxation without representation further contribute to the struggle for independence?
  • 8. Essential Question What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Patriots and the British during the American Revolution?
  • 9. European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe.
  • 10. France and England both claimed land in North America.
  • 11. English settlers pushing westward clashed with French fur traders in the Ohio Valley.
  • 12. Native Americans were caught up in the conflict. Algonquins and Hurons sided with the French. Iroquois supported the English.
  • 13. In 1754, France and Great Britain began to fight in the Ohio River Valley. English settlers called the fight against France and their Indian allies the French and Indian War.
  • 14. Sugar Cane
  • 15. Molasses
  • 16. RUM
  • 17. Rum Still
  • 18. The Death of General Wolfe is a well-known 1770 painting by Anglo-American artist Benjamin West depicting the death of British General James Wolfe during the 1759 Battle of Quebec of the Seven Years
  • 19. The death of Gen. Wolfe at the Battle of Quebec. British forces under Wolfe's command took Quebec on September 13, 1759, effectively ending the French and Indian War.
  • 20. Battle of Quebec Plains of Abraham
  • 21. Formative Question
  • 22. As a result of the French and Indian War...
  • 23. a) the Iroquois deserted the British. b) the city of Pittsburgh grew up. c) France lost its empire in North America. d) France controlled shipping on the St. Lawrence River.
  • 24. Formative Question
  • 25. In North America, the French and the English clashed over...
  • 26. a)land claims and fur trade. b) which Native Americans would be their allies. c) clearing the forests. d) rights to the Mississippi River.
  • 27. The Treaty of Paris The treaty marked the end of French power in North America. Britain gained Canada and all French lands east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.
  • 28. The Treaty of Paris Spain gave up Florida to Britain. Spain received New Orleans and all French land west of the Mississippi. Spain kept its empire in Central and South America.
  • 29. Boston Massacre
  • 30. Britain sent soldiers to Boston to protect customs officials.
  • 31. Bostonians saw the British as bullies and insulted or even assaulted the British soldiers.
  • 32. On March 5, 1770, Bostonians gathered outside the Boston customs house, shouting insults and throwing ice and rocks at the British guards.
  • 33. Panicked soldiers fired into the crowd, killing some colonists.
  • 34. Colonists protested the incident, calling it the Boston Massacre.
  • 35. The soldiers were tried, but John Adams defended them and was able to win light sentences for them.
  • 36. Samuel Adams formed a committee of correspondence, a group that regularly wrote letters and pamphlets reporting to other colonies on events in Massachusetts.
  • 37. Prior What is intolerable?
  • 38. Tea
  • 39. The American Revolution Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773
  • 40. Original Tea Party Chest
  • 41. The British East India Company sold tea to colonial tea merchants. The tea merchants sold the tea to the colonists for a higher price.
  • 42. When the British East India Company had money troubles, Parliament passed the Tea Act.
  • 43. The act said British East India Company could sell directly to colonists.
  • 44. American merchants protested being cut out of the tea trade. Other colonists said it was a trick to force colonists to pay the tax on tea. Colonists boycotted tea.
  • 45. The Boston Sons of Liberty showed their displeasure by staging the Boston Tea Party. Disguised as Indians, they raided three ships and dumped their cargo of tea into Boston harbor.
  • 46. Intolerable Acts—passed to punish Massachusetts The port of Boston was closed.
  • 47. Massachusetts colonists could not hold town meetings more than once a year without the governor’s permission.
  • 48. Customs officers and other officials could be tried in Britain or Canada instead of in Massachusetts.
  • 49. A new Quartering Act said colonists must house British soldiers in their homes.
  • 50. Formative Question
  • 51. Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts to a) collect taxes on tea. b) punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. c) separate French Canadians from English colonists.
  • 52. Formative Question
  • 53. When British troops marched on Lexington and Concord, they a) shouted “The redcoats are coming!” b) surprised the colonists. c) clashed with armed minutemen.
  • 54. What? Quebec Act
  • 55. What happened? Parliament set up a government for Canada.
  • 56. Results Angered colonists because it included the land between the Ohio and Missouri Rivers as part of Canada, which the English colonists claimed.
  • 57. What? First Continental Congress
  • 58. What happened? Delegates from 12 colonies gathered in Philadelphia.
  • 59. Results Boycott all British goods and to stop exporting goods to Britain. Urged each colony to set up a militia, which is an army of citizens who serve as soldiers in an emergency. Agreed to meet again the next year.
  • 60. Who? Minuteman
  • 61. What happened? A volunteer prepared to resist the British.
  • 62. Results British heard that the minutemen had arms stored near Boston.
  • 63. Where? Lexington
  • 64. What happened? Village near Boston. Minutemen met British soldiers on the village green.
  • 65. Results Shots rang out. Colonists were killed.
  • 66. Where? Concord
  • 67. What happened? Town near Boston. Minutemen met British soldiers on Concord bridge.
  • 68. Results Colonists forced the British to retreat. With the battles at Lexington and Concord, war had begun.