9.4
The Second President
Presidential
Characteristics
List five
characteristics that
you think will make
a great president?
Essential Question/Big Idea
How did John
Adams handle the
conflict with
France?
John Adams Conflict with France
John Adam & France
France objected to Jay’s
Treaty. The French said
it favored Britain.
French ships began to
seize Amer...
John Adams & France
The French foreign minister sent
three agents to offer the
Americans a deal. The agents
asked for a $...
John Adams & France
Adams told Congress.
Because he called the
French agents X, Y,
and Z, the incident
became known as th...
XYZ
AFFAIR
John Adams & France
The country would not pay
the bribe, but Adams refused
to ask Congress to declare war
on France.
Ins...
Frigate
Clipper
Federalist Party Splits
Federalists Party Split
Hamilton and his
Federalist supporters
wanted a war with
France.
War with France would
weaken the...
Federalist Party Split
War would force the
United States to build up
its military forces. This
would increase federal
pow...
Federalist Party Split
Adams and his Federalist
supporters wanted to
avoid war with France.
Adams wanted to keep
the coun...
Federalist Party Split
He sent American
diplomats to France.
The new French leader
agreed to stop seizing
American ships.
The Alien and Sedition Acts
During the crisis
with France,
Federalists passed
the Alien and
Sedition acts.
Alien Act
The President could expel any
alien thought to be dangerous to
the country.
The number of years immigrants
had...
Sedition Act
Sedition means stirring up
rebellion against a
government. Under this
law, citizens could be fined
or jailed...
What about freedom of speech??
QuickTime™ and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
The Alien and Sedition
Acts and States’ Rights
Republicans opposed the
Alien and Sedition acts.
Jefferson argued that st...
The Alien and Sedition
Acts and States’ Rights
Kentucky and Virginia
passed resolutions
supporting Jefferson’s
view.
Kentucky and Virginia
resolutions
These resolutions claimed that
each state “has an equal right to
judge for itself” whet...
Kentucky and Virginia
resolutions
These resolutions raised
the issue of states’ rights.
Does the federal
government have ...
Congress and the Election of
1800
Republicans backed Thomas
Jefferson for President and
Aaron Burr for Vice President.
Fe...
Congress and the Election of
1800
In the electoral college,
Jefferson and Burr each
received 73 votes.
The election went...
Congress and the Election of
1800
After four days and
36 votes, the House
chose Jefferson as
President and Burr as
Vice P...
Formative
Assessment
Federalists angered the
Republicans when they
passed the Alien and
Sedition acts, which said
that...
a)American diplomats could not
pay bribes to foreign agents.
b)foreigners could never become
citizens.
c)citizens could be...
Formative
Assessment
The issue of states’
rights raises
questions about...
a)the President’s power to expel
aliens.
b)whether Kentucky and Virginia had
the right to pass resolutions.
c)which powers...
Main Idea A (1-3)
The French
objected to Jay’s
Treaty because it
favored Britain
Main Idea A (1-3)
France began
seizing American
ships
Main Idea A (1-3)
The XYZ Affair outraged
Americans who saw the
demand for money as
asking for a bribe.
Main Idea B (4-5)
Led by Hamilton,
many Federalists
favored war with
France
Main Idea A (1-3)
Led by Adams ,
others wanted
peace.
Main Idea c (6-9)
Alien Act allowed the
President to deport
any foreigner thought
to be dangerous.
Main Idea C (6-9)
The Sedition Act
stated that citizens
could be fined or
jailed for criticizing
the government.
Main Idea C (6-9)
Kentucky and Virginia
passed resolutions
claiming that states
could nullify federal
laws.
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
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Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes

  1. 1. 9.4 The Second President
  2. 2. Presidential Characteristics List five characteristics that you think will make a great president?
  3. 3. Essential Question/Big Idea How did John Adams handle the conflict with France?
  4. 4. John Adams Conflict with France
  5. 5. John Adam & France France objected to Jay’s Treaty. The French said it favored Britain. French ships began to seize American ships. Adams sent diplomats to Paris to discuss the rights of neutral nations.
  6. 6. John Adams & France The French foreign minister sent three agents to offer the Americans a deal. The agents asked for a $250,000 bribe and a $10 million loan to France before they would talk.
  7. 7. John Adams & France Adams told Congress. Because he called the French agents X, Y, and Z, the incident became known as the XYZ Affair.
  8. 8. XYZ AFFAIR
  9. 9. John Adams & France The country would not pay the bribe, but Adams refused to ask Congress to declare war on France. Instead, Adams strengthened the navy by building frigates, fast-sailing ships with many guns.
  10. 10. Frigate
  11. 11. Clipper
  12. 12. Federalist Party Splits
  13. 13. Federalists Party Split Hamilton and his Federalist supporters wanted a war with France. War with France would weaken the Republican party.
  14. 14. Federalist Party Split War would force the United States to build up its military forces. This would increase federal power.
  15. 15. Federalist Party Split Adams and his Federalist supporters wanted to avoid war with France. Adams wanted to keep the country out of European affairs.
  16. 16. Federalist Party Split He sent American diplomats to France. The new French leader agreed to stop seizing American ships.
  17. 17. The Alien and Sedition Acts During the crisis with France, Federalists passed the Alien and Sedition acts.
  18. 18. Alien Act The President could expel any alien thought to be dangerous to the country. The number of years immigrants had to wait to become citizens was raised from 5 to 14.
  19. 19. Sedition Act Sedition means stirring up rebellion against a government. Under this law, citizens could be fined or jailed for criticizing the government or its officials.
  20. 20. What about freedom of speech?? QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  21. 21. The Alien and Sedition Acts and States’ Rights Republicans opposed the Alien and Sedition acts. Jefferson argued that states had the right to nullify, or cancel, a law passed by the federal government.
  22. 22. The Alien and Sedition Acts and States’ Rights Kentucky and Virginia passed resolutions supporting Jefferson’s view.
  23. 23. Kentucky and Virginia resolutions These resolutions claimed that each state “has an equal right to judge for itself” whether a law is constitutional. If a state decides a law is unconstitutional, the state can nullify that law within its borders.
  24. 24. Kentucky and Virginia resolutions These resolutions raised the issue of states’ rights. Does the federal government have only those powers listed in the Constitution? If so, the states possess all other powers.
  25. 25. Congress and the Election of 1800 Republicans backed Thomas Jefferson for President and Aaron Burr for Vice President. Federalists supported John Adams. Republicans won the popular vote.
  26. 26. Congress and the Election of 1800 In the electoral college, Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes. The election went to the House of Representatives to decide.
  27. 27. Congress and the Election of 1800 After four days and 36 votes, the House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.
  28. 28. Formative Assessment
  29. 29. Federalists angered the Republicans when they passed the Alien and Sedition acts, which said that...
  30. 30. a)American diplomats could not pay bribes to foreign agents. b)foreigners could never become citizens. c)citizens could be jailed for criticizing the government or its officials.
  31. 31. Formative Assessment
  32. 32. The issue of states’ rights raises questions about...
  33. 33. a)the President’s power to expel aliens. b)whether Kentucky and Virginia had the right to pass resolutions. c)which powers belong to the federal government and which belong to the states.
  34. 34. Main Idea A (1-3) The French objected to Jay’s Treaty because it favored Britain
  35. 35. Main Idea A (1-3) France began seizing American ships
  36. 36. Main Idea A (1-3) The XYZ Affair outraged Americans who saw the demand for money as asking for a bribe.
  37. 37. Main Idea B (4-5) Led by Hamilton, many Federalists favored war with France
  38. 38. Main Idea A (1-3) Led by Adams , others wanted peace.
  39. 39. Main Idea c (6-9) Alien Act allowed the President to deport any foreigner thought to be dangerous.
  40. 40. Main Idea C (6-9) The Sedition Act stated that citizens could be fined or jailed for criticizing the government.
  41. 41. Main Idea C (6-9) Kentucky and Virginia passed resolutions claiming that states could nullify federal laws.
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