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Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes
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Social studies chapter 9 section 4 notes

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American Nation Chapter 9 section 4

American Nation Chapter 9 section 4

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  • 1. 9.4 The Second President
  • 2. Presidential Characteristics List five characteristics that you think will make a great president?
  • 3. Essential Question/Big Idea How did John Adams handle the conflict with France?
  • 4. John Adams Conflict with France
  • 5. John Adam & France France objected to Jay’s Treaty. The French said it favored Britain. French ships began to seize American ships. Adams sent diplomats to Paris to discuss the rights of neutral nations.
  • 6. John Adams & France The French foreign minister sent three agents to offer the Americans a deal. The agents asked for a $250,000 bribe and a $10 million loan to France before they would talk.
  • 7. John Adams & France Adams told Congress. Because he called the French agents X, Y, and Z, the incident became known as the XYZ Affair.
  • 8. XYZ AFFAIR
  • 9. John Adams & France The country would not pay the bribe, but Adams refused to ask Congress to declare war on France. Instead, Adams strengthened the navy by building frigates, fast-sailing ships with many guns.
  • 10. Frigate
  • 11. Clipper
  • 12. Federalist Party Splits
  • 13. Federalists Party Split Hamilton and his Federalist supporters wanted a war with France. War with France would weaken the Republican party.
  • 14. Federalist Party Split War would force the United States to build up its military forces. This would increase federal power.
  • 15. Federalist Party Split Adams and his Federalist supporters wanted to avoid war with France. Adams wanted to keep the country out of European affairs.
  • 16. Federalist Party Split He sent American diplomats to France. The new French leader agreed to stop seizing American ships.
  • 17. The Alien and Sedition Acts During the crisis with France, Federalists passed the Alien and Sedition acts.
  • 18. Alien Act The President could expel any alien thought to be dangerous to the country. The number of years immigrants had to wait to become citizens was raised from 5 to 14.
  • 19. Sedition Act Sedition means stirring up rebellion against a government. Under this law, citizens could be fined or jailed for criticizing the government or its officials.
  • 20. What about freedom of speech?? QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 21. The Alien and Sedition Acts and States’ Rights Republicans opposed the Alien and Sedition acts. Jefferson argued that states had the right to nullify, or cancel, a law passed by the federal government.
  • 22. The Alien and Sedition Acts and States’ Rights Kentucky and Virginia passed resolutions supporting Jefferson’s view.
  • 23. Kentucky and Virginia resolutions These resolutions claimed that each state “has an equal right to judge for itself” whether a law is constitutional. If a state decides a law is unconstitutional, the state can nullify that law within its borders.
  • 24. Kentucky and Virginia resolutions These resolutions raised the issue of states’ rights. Does the federal government have only those powers listed in the Constitution? If so, the states possess all other powers.
  • 25. Congress and the Election of 1800 Republicans backed Thomas Jefferson for President and Aaron Burr for Vice President. Federalists supported John Adams. Republicans won the popular vote.
  • 26. Congress and the Election of 1800 In the electoral college, Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes. The election went to the House of Representatives to decide.
  • 27. Congress and the Election of 1800 After four days and 36 votes, the House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.
  • 28. Formative Assessment
  • 29. Federalists angered the Republicans when they passed the Alien and Sedition acts, which said that...
  • 30. a)American diplomats could not pay bribes to foreign agents. b)foreigners could never become citizens. c)citizens could be jailed for criticizing the government or its officials.
  • 31. Formative Assessment
  • 32. The issue of states’ rights raises questions about...
  • 33. a)the President’s power to expel aliens. b)whether Kentucky and Virginia had the right to pass resolutions. c)which powers belong to the federal government and which belong to the states.
  • 34. Main Idea A (1-3) The French objected to Jay’s Treaty because it favored Britain
  • 35. Main Idea A (1-3) France began seizing American ships
  • 36. Main Idea A (1-3) The XYZ Affair outraged Americans who saw the demand for money as asking for a bribe.
  • 37. Main Idea B (4-5) Led by Hamilton, many Federalists favored war with France
  • 38. Main Idea A (1-3) Led by Adams , others wanted peace.
  • 39. Main Idea c (6-9) Alien Act allowed the President to deport any foreigner thought to be dangerous.
  • 40. Main Idea C (6-9) The Sedition Act stated that citizens could be fined or jailed for criticizing the government.
  • 41. Main Idea C (6-9) Kentucky and Virginia passed resolutions claiming that states could nullify federal laws.

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