Homework <ul><li>1. Read pages 168-171 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Complete page 171 (1-7) </li></ul>
Essential Question <ul><li>What is independence? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was winning the French and Indian War the beginning...
Essential Questions <ul><li>How did taxation without representation further contribute to the struggle for independence? <...
Essential Question <ul><li>What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Patriots and the British during the American Revo...
Essential Questions <ul><li>Did the Declaration of Independence establish the foundation of  American Government? </li></u...
Prior <ul><li>What did the Battles of Lexington and Concord  suggest about how the war would be waged? </li></ul>
John Adams <ul><li>“ The Revolution was in the minds of the people, and this was effected from 1760 to 1775…before a drop ...
 
 
Chapter 6 <ul><li>The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. Members of Congress looked for a way to avoid a bre...
Chapter 6 <ul><li>Congress sent the  Olive Branch Petition  to King George III. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress declared its lo...
Chapter 6 <ul><li>Congress asked the king to repeal the Intolerable Acts. </li></ul><ul><li>The King was angry. He ordered...
Chapter 6 <ul><li>Ethan Allen and the  Green Mountain Boys,  a band of Vermonters, took Fort Ticonderoga. They took Britis...
Chapter 6 <ul><li>The Second Continental Congress established the Continental Army. </li></ul>
Battle of Bunker Hill <ul><li>British troops controlled Boston. Colonial militia surrounded the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Ac...
Section 1 Formative Assessment <ul><li>When the Second Continental Congress first met, the members were hoping to </li></u...
Section 1 Formative Assessment <ul><li>One of the Patriots’ advantages was that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) they were fightin...
Homework/Due 12-6-11 <ul><li>1. Read pages 173-176 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Complete page 176 (1-7) </li></ul>
Foxfire
 
 
 
Battle of Bunker Hill <ul><li>British troops drew near to attack the colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>Two times the colonists ...
Battle of Bunker Hill  <ul><li>With the third attack the British took Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill, but they suffered heav...
The  Battle of Bunker Hill  showed: <ul><li>Americans could fight bravely. </li></ul><ul><li>The British would not be easy...
<ul><li>“ We  have it in our power to begin the world over again.” </li></ul><ul><li>Common Sense </li></ul>
“ Common Sense” <ul><li>Thomas Paine wrote  Common Sense  an essay——urging the colonies to declare independence </li></ul>
“ Common Sense” <ul><li>Paine and other  radicals —people who want to make drastic changes in society—began to think of cr...
 
Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Richard Henry Lee introduced a resolution for independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Second C...
Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Congress appointed a committee to draw up a formal declaration of independence. </li><...
Declaration of Independence <ul><li>The declaration was read to Congress.  </li></ul><ul><li>The delegates voted to accept...
Declaration of Independence <ul><li>The declaration was printed and signed. </li></ul><ul><li>Copies were distributed thro...
The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Preamble </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction; explains that the declaration will tell w...
The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>First part—Natural rights </li></ul><ul><li>Rights that belong to all people from ...
The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Second part—British wrongs </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain has committed many wron...
The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Third part—Independence </li></ul><ul><li>The colonies are now a free and independ...
Section 2  Formative/Assessment <ul><li>The essay Common Sense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a)was never printed but was passed on...
Section 2  Formative/Assessmen t <ul><li>According to the Declaration of Independence, people form governments in order to...
Homework/Due 12-5-11 <ul><li>1. Read pages 173-176. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Complete page 176 (1-7). </li></ul>
 
Section 3 Formative Assessment <ul><li>One reason the Patriots had to retreat often early in the war was that </li></ul><u...
Section 3 Formative Assessment <ul><ul><li>The American victory at Saratoga was important because it </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Battle Battle of Long Island What Happened Americans were outnumbered and defeated.  Results The British chased the Americ...
Hardships at Valley Forge  <ul><li>Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-winter snow, mud, and slus...
Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: <ul><li>Damp, drafty huts; frozen ground </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers poorly clothed;...
Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: <ul><li>Soldiers suffered from frostbite and disease </li></ul><ul><li>Poor food </...
 
 
<ul><li>“ These are the times that try men’s souls” </li></ul>
<ul><li>You are the commander of an army. What circumstances would force you to surrender? </li></ul>
Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>Cornwallis planned to conquer Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>American troops under Lafayette kept ...
Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>Cornwallis was ordered to send part of his army to New York. Instead, he retreated to Yorktown ...
Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>A combined American and French army trapped Cornwallis on the peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>A Fr...
Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>The American and French armies laid  siege  to Cornwallis’s army, that is, they surrounded and ...
Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>The British lost the  Battle of Yorktown.  They surrendered. </li></ul>
The Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Congress  ratified,  or approved, the  Treaty of Paris  on April 15, 1783. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
The Treaty of Paris <ul><li>The boundaries of the United States extended from the Great Lakes to Florida and from the Atla...
The Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Florida was returned to Spain.  </li></ul><ul><li>Americans agreed to ask states to pay Loyali...
Geography Americans were fighting at home on familiar ground. The British were far from home in unknown territory. Foreign...
Cornwallis’s army marched throughout the South. How was he finally stopped? <ul><ul><li>a) Loyalists turned against him. <...
One provision of the Treaty of Paris was that <ul><ul><li>a.)Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent ...
Homework <ul><li>1. Complete activity letter. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Complete page 195 (1-7) </li></ul>
Chapter 6 Section #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>1. All people are born equal and entitled to life, liberty, and the pursui...
#2 Reading and Review <ul><li>2. People set up governments to protect their rights and liberties. </li></ul>
#2 Reading and Review  <ul><li>3.If government fails to protect people’s rights, the people have the right to overthrow th...
#2 Reading and Review <ul><li>4. The king disbanded colonial legislators. </li></ul>
#2 Reading and Review <ul><li>5. Britain sent troops to the colonies during peacetime. </li></ul>
#2 Reading and Review <ul><li>6. Britain taxed the colonists without their consent. </li></ul>
#2 Reading and Review <ul><li>7. The colonist have no further ties to great Britain. </li></ul>
#2 Reading and Review <ul><li>8. The U.S. is a free independent nation. </li></ul>
#2 Reading and Review <ul><li>9. The U.S. has the power to do all things that independent states may do. </li></ul>
Common Sense <ul><li>This pamphlet by Thomas Paine urged the colonies to declare independence. </li></ul>
Traitor <ul><li>Because the delegates declared independence, they were disloyal to Britain and the British could hang them...
Declaration Of Independence <ul><li>This document described the reasons for breaking away from Great Britain. </li></ul>
 
 
 
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Chapter 6 The American Revolution

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Chapter 6 The American Revolution

  1. 2. Homework <ul><li>1. Read pages 168-171 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Complete page 171 (1-7) </li></ul>
  2. 3. Essential Question <ul><li>What is independence? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was winning the French and Indian War the beginning of conflict for the British and the colonists ? </li></ul>
  3. 4. Essential Questions <ul><li>How did taxation without representation further contribute to the struggle for independence? </li></ul>
  4. 5. Essential Question <ul><li>What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Patriots and the British during the American Revolution? </li></ul>
  5. 6. Essential Questions <ul><li>Did the Declaration of Independence establish the foundation of American Government? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was the Declaration of Independence a “revolutionary” document? </li></ul>
  6. 7. Prior <ul><li>What did the Battles of Lexington and Concord suggest about how the war would be waged? </li></ul>
  7. 8. John Adams <ul><li>“ The Revolution was in the minds of the people, and this was effected from 1760 to 1775…before a drop of blood was drawn at Lexington.” </li></ul>
  8. 11. Chapter 6 <ul><li>The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. Members of Congress looked for a way to avoid a break with Britain. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Congress sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George III. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress declared its loyalty to the king. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Congress asked the king to repeal the Intolerable Acts. </li></ul><ul><li>The King was angry. He ordered more troops to the colonies. </li></ul>
  11. 14. Chapter 6 <ul><li>Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys, a band of Vermonters, took Fort Ticonderoga. They took British cannons and gunpowder and control of a key route into Canada. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Chapter 6 <ul><li>The Second Continental Congress established the Continental Army. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Battle of Bunker Hill <ul><li>British troops controlled Boston. Colonial militia surrounded the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Across the river from Boston, minutemen fired on British ships from Bunker Hill. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Section 1 Formative Assessment <ul><li>When the Second Continental Congress first met, the members were hoping to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) drive the British out of Boston. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) establish an independent empire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) crush the revolt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) avoid a final break with Britain. </li></ul></ul>Chapter 6, Section 1
  15. 18. Section 1 Formative Assessment <ul><li>One of the Patriots’ advantages was that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) they were fighting for their own homes and property. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) they had an excellent navy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) Loyalists were on their side. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) many colonists were willing to sign up for long periods of time. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Homework/Due 12-6-11 <ul><li>1. Read pages 173-176 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Complete page 176 (1-7) </li></ul>
  17. 20. Foxfire
  18. 24. Battle of Bunker Hill <ul><li>British troops drew near to attack the colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>Two times the colonists turned back British attacks. </li></ul>
  19. 25. Battle of Bunker Hill <ul><li>With the third attack the British took Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill, but they suffered heavy losses. </li></ul>
  20. 26. The Battle of Bunker Hill showed: <ul><li>Americans could fight bravely. </li></ul><ul><li>The British would not be easy to defeat. </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>“ We have it in our power to begin the world over again.” </li></ul><ul><li>Common Sense </li></ul>
  22. 28. “ Common Sense” <ul><li>Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense an essay——urging the colonies to declare independence </li></ul>
  23. 29. “ Common Sense” <ul><li>Paine and other radicals —people who want to make drastic changes in society—began to think of creating their own nation. </li></ul>
  24. 31. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Richard Henry Lee introduced a resolution for independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Second Continental Congress debated the resolution. Members of Congress worried that the British could hang them as traitors, people who betray their country. </li></ul>
  25. 32. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Congress appointed a committee to draw up a formal declaration of independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson wrote the final document for the committee. </li></ul>
  26. 33. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>The declaration was read to Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>The delegates voted to accept the declaration. </li></ul>
  27. 34. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>The declaration was printed and signed. </li></ul><ul><li>Copies were distributed through the colonies </li></ul>
  28. 35. The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Preamble </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction; explains that the declaration will tell why the colonies want to break from Great Britain. </li></ul>Chapter 6, Section 2
  29. 36. The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>First part—Natural rights </li></ul><ul><li>Rights that belong to all people from birth, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Governments exist to protect people’s natural rights. </li></ul>
  30. 37. The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Second part—British wrongs </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain has committed many wrongs. King George III disbanded colonial legislatures, sent troops, and limited colonial trade. The colonists asked for justice but did not get it. </li></ul>
  31. 38. The Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Third part—Independence </li></ul><ul><li>The colonies are now a free and independent nation—the United States of America. </li></ul>
  32. 39. Section 2 Formative/Assessment <ul><li>The essay Common Sense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a)was never printed but was passed on by word of mouth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) argued that Parliament had a right to make laws for the colonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) convinced many people that it was time to separate from Britain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) urged colonists to remain under British rule. </li></ul></ul>Chapter 6, Section 2 .
  33. 40. Section 2 Formative/Assessmen t <ul><li>According to the Declaration of Independence, people form governments in order to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) make war and provide jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) make drastic changes in society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) express their allegiance to a ruler. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) protect their natural rights and liberties. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 41. Homework/Due 12-5-11 <ul><li>1. Read pages 173-176. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Complete page 176 (1-7). </li></ul>
  35. 43. Section 3 Formative Assessment <ul><li>One reason the Patriots had to retreat often early in the war was that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) Washington had fewer troops than the British. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) the Patriot navy did most of the fighting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) Nathan Hale gave away Patriot secrets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) the war moved The Declaration of Independence away from New England . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>Chapter 6, Section 3 .
  36. 44. Section 3 Formative Assessment <ul><ul><li>The American victory at Saratoga was important because it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a) tricked British General Howe away from Philadelphia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) revealed the spy Nathan Hale. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) took by surprise a force of Germans fighting for England. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) convinced the French to be an ally of the United States </li></ul></ul>
  37. 45. Battle Battle of Long Island What Happened Americans were outnumbered and defeated. Results The British chased the Americans into Pennsylvania. Battle of Trenton On Christmas night, Washington led a surprise attack on Trenton. The Americans took a force of German soldiers prisoner. Battle of Princeton British General Charles Cornwallis set out to retake Trenton. Washington fooled him and slipped behind his troops to attack other British forces at Princeton. The victories at Trenton and Princeton gave Americans new hope.
  38. 46. Hardships at Valley Forge <ul><li>Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-winter snow, mud, and slush </li></ul>
  39. 47. Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: <ul><li>Damp, drafty huts; frozen ground </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers poorly clothed; some did not have shoes or coats. </li></ul>
  40. 48. Conditions at Valley Forge were harsh: <ul><li>Soldiers suffered from frostbite and disease </li></ul><ul><li>Poor food </li></ul>
  41. 51. <ul><li>“ These are the times that try men’s souls” </li></ul>
  42. 52. <ul><li>You are the commander of an army. What circumstances would force you to surrender? </li></ul>
  43. 53. Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>Cornwallis planned to conquer Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>American troops under Lafayette kept Cornwallis from succeeding . </li></ul>
  44. 54. Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>Cornwallis was ordered to send part of his army to New York. Instead, he retreated to Yorktown peninsula. </li></ul>
  45. 55. Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>A combined American and French army trapped Cornwallis on the peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>A French fleet kept Cornwallis from escaping by sea. </li></ul>
  46. 56. Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>The American and French armies laid siege to Cornwallis’s army, that is, they surrounded and blockaded the enemy position. </li></ul>
  47. 57. Battle of Yorktown <ul><li>The British lost the Battle of Yorktown. They surrendered. </li></ul>
  48. 58. The Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Congress ratified, or approved, the Treaty of Paris on April 15, 1783. </li></ul><ul><li>The British recognized the United States as an independent nation. </li></ul>
  49. 59. The Treaty of Paris <ul><li>The boundaries of the United States extended from the Great Lakes to Florida and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River </li></ul>
  50. 60. The Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Florida was returned to Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans agreed to ask states to pay Loyalists for property they had lost. </li></ul>
  51. 61. Geography Americans were fighting at home on familiar ground. The British were far from home in unknown territory. Foreign Help Spanish and French forces fought with the Americans. France, the Netherlands, and Spain loaned money. German and Polish officers provided training. Patriotism Patriots gained skill as soldiers. They didn’t give up. Leaders George Washington’s leadership and military skills were so good that he was respected by Americans and British alike
  52. 62. Cornwallis’s army marched throughout the South. How was he finally stopped? <ul><ul><li>a) Loyalists turned against him. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) He sent part of his army to New York, so he didn’t have enough troops. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) French and American armies trapped him on a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay. </li></ul></ul>
  53. 63. One provision of the Treaty of Paris was that <ul><ul><li>a.)Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b.) the states would pay money to France and Spain for their help. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c.) the United States would pay Great Britain for government property. </li></ul></ul>
  54. 64. Homework <ul><li>1. Complete activity letter. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Complete page 195 (1-7) </li></ul>
  55. 65. Chapter 6 Section #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>1. All people are born equal and entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. </li></ul>
  56. 66. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>2. People set up governments to protect their rights and liberties. </li></ul>
  57. 67. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>3.If government fails to protect people’s rights, the people have the right to overthrow the government. </li></ul>
  58. 68. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>4. The king disbanded colonial legislators. </li></ul>
  59. 69. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>5. Britain sent troops to the colonies during peacetime. </li></ul>
  60. 70. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>6. Britain taxed the colonists without their consent. </li></ul>
  61. 71. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>7. The colonist have no further ties to great Britain. </li></ul>
  62. 72. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>8. The U.S. is a free independent nation. </li></ul>
  63. 73. #2 Reading and Review <ul><li>9. The U.S. has the power to do all things that independent states may do. </li></ul>
  64. 74. Common Sense <ul><li>This pamphlet by Thomas Paine urged the colonies to declare independence. </li></ul>
  65. 75. Traitor <ul><li>Because the delegates declared independence, they were disloyal to Britain and the British could hang them as traitors. </li></ul>
  66. 76. Declaration Of Independence <ul><li>This document described the reasons for breaking away from Great Britain. </li></ul>

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