Six Concepts of Geography

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A intro to the six core concepts of geography for Global Geography 12

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Six Concepts of Geography

  1. 1. The Six Concepts of Geography Global Geography 12
  2. 2. Concept 1: Location <ul><li>“ Where did it happen?” </li></ul><ul><li>Location can be either absolute (45° 34’ 44” N) or relative (approximately 40 km west of Halifax) </li></ul><ul><li>Location provides the starting point for many types of geographic study </li></ul>LOCATION! LOCATION! LOCATION!
  3. 3. Concept 2: Region <ul><li>Geographers use this as a method of grouping information into units of manageable size </li></ul><ul><li>A region can be defined as an area of land that has consistent or easily recognizable features </li></ul><ul><li>The scale or size of a region can vary greatly (ex. the Annapolis Valley vs. Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Region is not only based on physical features. Some regions are defined by cultural traits like religion (the Muslim world), language (the English-speaking world), income (LLDC’s, LDC’s and MDC’s) and political boundaries </li></ul>
  4. 4. Concept 3: Spatial Pattern <ul><li>Most of the events that geographers study can be found in more than one location or region in the world− this is what is referred to as spatial distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial pattern is when geographers can find a pattern of the same event in places that are far apart </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Pg 11; Location of Suburbs, Location and Intensity of Air Pollution </li></ul>
  5. 5. Concept 4: Spatial Interaction <ul><li>The idea that an event in one location or region can lead to a change in another location or region some distance away </li></ul><ul><li>Global interaction can have positive and negative impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Pg 11; Erupting volcano, Change in zoning </li></ul>
  6. 6. Concept 5: Human/Environmental Interaction <ul><li>Some spatial interactions are the result either of the impact the environment has on humans or the impact humans have on the environment </li></ul><ul><li>In contrast to other spatial interactions, this type has impacts that are local; this means they are not usually noticed thousands of kilometers away </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Pg 12; Open-pit mining, tornado </li></ul>
  7. 7. Concept 6: Culture <ul><li>When studying geography, we must take into consideration the idea of culture, or the customs and world view of a particular people </li></ul><ul><li>Different cultures have different views on environment, the use of natural resources, and the best way of living in human communities </li></ul><ul><li>Culture differences exist even among people living in the same region </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of any examples in the world? </li></ul>

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