Six Concepts of Geography
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Six Concepts of Geography



A intro to the six core concepts of geography for Global Geography 12

A intro to the six core concepts of geography for Global Geography 12



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    Six Concepts of Geography Six Concepts of Geography Presentation Transcript

    • The Six Concepts of Geography Global Geography 12
    • Concept 1: Location
      • “ Where did it happen?”
      • Location can be either absolute (45° 34’ 44” N) or relative (approximately 40 km west of Halifax)
      • Location provides the starting point for many types of geographic study
    • Concept 2: Region
      • Geographers use this as a method of grouping information into units of manageable size
      • A region can be defined as an area of land that has consistent or easily recognizable features
      • The scale or size of a region can vary greatly (ex. the Annapolis Valley vs. Africa)
      • Region is not only based on physical features. Some regions are defined by cultural traits like religion (the Muslim world), language (the English-speaking world), income (LLDC’s, LDC’s and MDC’s) and political boundaries
    • Concept 3: Spatial Pattern
      • Most of the events that geographers study can be found in more than one location or region in the world− this is what is referred to as spatial distribution
      • Spatial pattern is when geographers can find a pattern of the same event in places that are far apart
      • Example: Pg 11; Location of Suburbs, Location and Intensity of Air Pollution
    • Concept 4: Spatial Interaction
      • The idea that an event in one location or region can lead to a change in another location or region some distance away
      • Global interaction can have positive and negative impacts
      • Example: Pg 11; Erupting volcano, Change in zoning
    • Concept 5: Human/Environmental Interaction
      • Some spatial interactions are the result either of the impact the environment has on humans or the impact humans have on the environment
      • In contrast to other spatial interactions, this type has impacts that are local; this means they are not usually noticed thousands of kilometers away
      • Example: Pg 12; Open-pit mining, tornado
    • Concept 6: Culture
      • When studying geography, we must take into consideration the idea of culture, or the customs and world view of a particular people
      • Different cultures have different views on environment, the use of natural resources, and the best way of living in human communities
      • Culture differences exist even among people living in the same region
      • Can you think of any examples in the world?