LITERARY TERMS:   SYMBOLISM  AND  ALLEGORY
SYMBOLISM <ul><li>SYMBOL: an object that stands for itself  and  a greater idea;  </li></ul><ul><li>it creates a direct, m...
INTERPRETING SYMBOLS <ul><li>A symbol can have a variety meanings… </li></ul><ul><li>1.   PERSONAL : a meaning uniquely as...
<ul><li>4.   UNIVERSAL : a meaning that is given to a thing by most people and cultures </li></ul><ul><li>(ex: lions sugge...
<ul><li>INTERPRETATION of SYMBOLS:  </li></ul><ul><li>Combines 2 aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LINK between SYMBOL and MEA...
<ul><li>PART 1:  HOW MANY SYMBOLS CAN YOU ASSOCIATE WITH   UNIVERSAL ,  ABSTRACT   IDEAS OR VALUES?? </li></ul><ul><li>HIN...
Common Symbols <ul><li>dove: peace </li></ul><ul><li>spring : youth, birth, life </li></ul><ul><li>water : birth, rebirth ...
ALLEGORY… <ul><li>…a complete and self-contained narrative that can also be applied to a parallel set of external situatio...
WHAT’S IT LOOK LIKE?? <ul><li>Familiar allegories… </li></ul><ul><li>Alice in Wonderland ,  Lewis Carroll </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Juxtaposition = placement of two things next to or near each other, often to draw attention to a comparison or con...
<ul><li>SYMBOLISM In “All Summer In A Day” </li></ul><ul><li>Find as many symbols as you can in </li></ul><ul><li>“All Sum...
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Literary terms-symbolism-and-allegory

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2nd Trimester - 1st 6 weeks - Literary Analysis supplement

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Literary terms-symbolism-and-allegory

  1. 1. LITERARY TERMS: SYMBOLISM AND ALLEGORY
  2. 2. SYMBOLISM <ul><li>SYMBOL: an object that stands for itself and a greater idea; </li></ul><ul><li>it creates a direct, meaningful link between… </li></ul><ul><li>a specific object, scene, character, or action </li></ul><ul><li>(AND) </li></ul><ul><li>abstract ideas, values, or ways of life. </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTERPRETING SYMBOLS <ul><li>A symbol can have a variety meanings… </li></ul><ul><li>1. PERSONAL : a meaning uniquely associated with our experiences </li></ul><ul><li>2. CONTEXTUAL : a private meaning created by an author </li></ul><ul><li>3. CULTURAL : a meaning uniquely influenced by our current culture </li></ul><ul><li>(ex: dogs represent faithfulness in China, but impurity in Indian/South Asian cultures) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>4. UNIVERSAL : a meaning that is given to a thing by most people and cultures </li></ul><ul><li>(ex: lions suggest deity, power and courage in many cultures) </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: these may be hard to discern because in order to discover these, you have to put aside your own personal and cultural lenses </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>INTERPRETATION of SYMBOLS: </li></ul><ul><li>Combines 2 aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LINK between SYMBOL and MEANING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of the symbol in the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We make inferences based on how a universal symbol is exhibited or used. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ex: Universally, water represents life and purity, so how might we interpret the use of a Polluted river in a story? </li></ul><ul><li>polluted river = water is impure/tainted </li></ul><ul><li>Life and purity = tainted/corrupted </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>PART 1: HOW MANY SYMBOLS CAN YOU ASSOCIATE WITH UNIVERSAL , ABSTRACT IDEAS OR VALUES?? </li></ul><ul><li>HINT: Don’t limit yourselves to objects, think also about shapes and colors or just parts of a picture </li></ul>
  7. 7. Common Symbols <ul><li>dove: peace </li></ul><ul><li>spring : youth, birth, life </li></ul><ul><li>water : birth, rebirth </li></ul><ul><li>eagle : freedom, liberty, strength </li></ul><ul><li>winter : death, dying, old age </li></ul><ul><li>skull: death </li></ul><ul><li>rose : love, beauty </li></ul><ul><li>crown : wealth, royalty </li></ul><ul><li>wedding ring: love, commitment </li></ul><ul><li>cross bones: death, danger </li></ul><ul><li>sunrise : new start, beginning </li></ul><ul><li>full moon: danger, weirdness </li></ul><ul><li>autumn : middle age, maturity </li></ul>
  8. 8. ALLEGORY… <ul><li>…a complete and self-contained narrative that can also be applied to a parallel set of external situations which may be political, moral, religious or philosophical. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, it tells a real story and a symbolic story simultaneously . </li></ul>Like symbols, allegories can be personal, contextual, cultural and universal.
  9. 9. WHAT’S IT LOOK LIKE?? <ul><li>Familiar allegories… </li></ul><ul><li>Alice in Wonderland , Lewis Carroll </li></ul><ul><li>The NARNIA series, C.S. Lewis </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Farm , George Orwell </li></ul><ul><li>The Butter Battle Book , Dr. Seuss </li></ul><ul><li>Fahrenheit 451 , Ray Bradbury </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Juxtaposition = placement of two things next to or near each other, often to draw attention to a comparison or contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Dichotomy = division into two (often contradictory) elements, categories, or opinions </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>SYMBOLISM In “All Summer In A Day” </li></ul><ul><li>Find as many symbols as you can in </li></ul><ul><li>“All Summer In A Day” </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE A LIST </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol  Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol  Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol  Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol  Meaning </li></ul>
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