Introduction to American      Government   Principles of Government
The State•   Aristotle: Greek philosopher who coined    the title and gave it meaning.•   State: A political community tha...
Features of the State•   Population: People in a state•   Territory: The established boundaries of a    state through war,...
Theories of the Origin of the State1. Evolutionary Theory  •   Family Based  •   Head of the Government is      the head o...
Theories of the Origin of the State2. Force Theory  • People brought together under the    guidance of one strong ruler.  ...
Theories of the Origin of the State3. Divine Right Theory  • God has chosen the leader, therefore to go    against the lea...
Theories of the Origin of the State4. Social Contract  • People agree to a    government for the good    of the whole and ...
Purposes of Government1. Maintain Social Order: control conflict in   the population.2. Public Services: Building recreati...
Introduction to American      Government  Formation of Governments
Government Systems1. Unitary System  •   Government gives all key powers to the      national government with no real divi...
Constitutions1. Constitution  •   A plan that lays out the rules of a      government.      •   Sets out the ideals that p...
Politics1. Politics: efforts to control the conduct   and policies of a government.  •   Helps to settle disagreements in ...
World View1. Inequalities between nations  •   Industrialized      •   Countries with large industries, advanced          ...
World View2. Contact from Different Nations  •   Making friends and enemies politically      affects the ability to advanc...
World View3. International Organizations  • Multinational Corporations    • Companies that have expanded their business   ...
World View3. International Organizations  • Peacekeeping Organizations    • Groups that include representatives from      ...
World View3. International Organizations  • Terrorist Groups    • People who collectively work to destroy the      status ...
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Intro to government

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Intro to government

  1. 1. Introduction to American Government Principles of Government
  2. 2. The State• Aristotle: Greek philosopher who coined the title and gave it meaning.• State: A political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws.• Nation: People united under common bonds (ex. Race, religion, language, customs)
  3. 3. Features of the State• Population: People in a state• Territory: The established boundaries of a state through war, negotiation, seizure or purchase.• Sovereignty: The Supreme authority of a state within its boundaries (power of government)• Government: The institution that maintains social order, provides public services, and binds people together.
  4. 4. Theories of the Origin of the State1. Evolutionary Theory • Family Based • Head of the Government is the head of the family. • Example: Clans of Britain or Scotland in the times of “Braveheart”
  5. 5. Theories of the Origin of the State2. Force Theory • People brought together under the guidance of one strong ruler. • Ruler maintains dominance through coercion and threat. • Ex. Saddam Hussein
  6. 6. Theories of the Origin of the State3. Divine Right Theory • God has chosen the leader, therefore to go against the leader is to go against God. • Ex. Aztecs, Egyptians, European monarchs.
  7. 7. Theories of the Origin of the State4. Social Contract • People agree to a government for the good of the whole and for protection. • People have the right to overthrow that government if it is not taking care of their needs, according to John Locke.
  8. 8. Purposes of Government1. Maintain Social Order: control conflict in the population.2. Public Services: Building recreation and providing for the general well-being.3. National Security: Feeling safe is a must for government to survive. • Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Department4. Economic Decisions: Taxes, Spending, Aid to other nations.
  9. 9. Introduction to American Government Formation of Governments
  10. 10. Government Systems1. Unitary System • Government gives all key powers to the national government with no real division of powers • Example: Great Britain, Italy2. Federal System • Divides power between the national and state levels to best serve the people • Example: The U.S. (too big)
  11. 11. Constitutions1. Constitution • A plan that lays out the rules of a government. • Sets out the ideals that people share. • Establishes a structure of government. • Provides the supreme law of the land.
  12. 12. Politics1. Politics: efforts to control the conduct and policies of a government. • Helps to settle disagreements in a civilized manner. • Promotes different points of view for discussion • Defines the stances on issues for the common people.
  13. 13. World View1. Inequalities between nations • Industrialized • Countries with large industries, advanced technologies, and solid economies (U.S.) • Developing • Countries who are in the beginning stages of economic development, attracting corporations, and advancing their technologies (Brazil, Mexico) • Third World • Countries with very little hope of advancing their industries or economy to a stable and strong level (Somalia, Sudan, Indonesia)
  14. 14. World View2. Contact from Different Nations • Making friends and enemies politically affects the ability to advance economically. • Differences in policy, religious beliefs, colors of skin, and economic factors affect the ability of states to get along.
  15. 15. World View3. International Organizations • Multinational Corporations • Companies that have expanded their business to include multiple countries and are not tied to one country.
  16. 16. World View3. International Organizations • Peacekeeping Organizations • Groups that include representatives from around the globe to promote peace and understanding, but are not under the control of any one government.
  17. 17. World View3. International Organizations • Terrorist Groups • People who collectively work to destroy the status quo and disrupt business and political centers of the world.

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