Dictators
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Dictators

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Background on the rise of dictators prior to WWII

Background on the rise of dictators prior to WWII

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Dictators Dictators Presentation Transcript

  • The Rise of Dictators
    Mussolini, Stalin, and Hitler
  • What helped them rise?
    Treaty that ended WWI
    Economic depression that followed WWI
    These created “anti-democratic” sentiments in these countries which empowered these leaders.
  • Benito Mussolini
    • Former schoolmaster and journalist
    • Fought in WWI
    • Founded Italy’s Fascist Party
  • What characterized Fascism?
    Fascism is a kind of aggressive nationalism
    Emphasized “nation” over the idea of the “individual.”
    Argued that individualism created a weak government
    Believed a nation becomes great by expanding territory and military
    Anti-communist
    Italians were tired of strikes and riots
  • How did he appeal to the people?
    Europeans feared Communists were trying to bring down their government.
    Fascism stood for the protection of private property and middle class jobs, social security
    Stressed national honor and pride (prestige)
  • Joseph Stalin
    • Vladimir Lenin set up the power base that helped Stalin take control.
    • Communist Party created a one-party rule, suppressed individual liberties, punished people who spoke out.
    • Lenin died and Stalin became dictator.
  • How did he appeal to the people?
    He industrialized the country.
    Ruled by FEAR
    Killed 8-10 million peasants who attempted to revolt.
  • Adolph Hitler
    Anti-communist and admired Mussolini
    Fought in WWI
    Joined the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NAZI)
    Nationalistic and anti-communistic
    Attempted to take over Munich and seize Berlin, failed, imprisoned.
    While in jail wrote, MeinKampf.
  • How did he appeal to the people?
    Germans were desperate for economic improvement.
    Pushed for expansion into Poland. (more land)
    Claimed Germans (blond, blue eyes) were the master race.
    Blamed problems on the Jewish people
  • How did he gain power?
    He supported the election of Nazi party candidates to the German parliament, or Reichstag.
    The German president appointed Hitler to prime minister.
    Hitler held elections and Nazis gave him dictatorial powers.
  • Military control in Japan…
    Too many imports and too few exports=low economic growth and unemployment in Japan
    Japanese military leaders blamed “corrupt politicians”
    Military leaders invade Manchuria, China for resources without government permission.
    Military leaders assassinated the Japanese Prime Minister.
  • American Isolationism
    Why did most Americans not want to get involved in another war in Europe?
    European debtor nations weren’t paying back the debt from American loans for WWI.
    The Nye Committee documented the huge profits that arms factories. This made it appear they encouraged the war.
    This led to this act:
    Neutrality Act of 1935—Made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any foreign country at war.
    Neutrality Act of 1937 –continued ban, but also required warring countries to buy nonmilitary supplies by “cash and carry” only.
    Purpose? Prevent attacks on neutral American trade ships
  • Axis Powers:
    Anti-Com-intern Pact
    Required Germany and Japan to exchange information about Communist groups.
    Germany
    Italy
    Japan
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Position?
    He supported internationalism, not isolationism.
    Internationalism– the idea that trade between countries creates prosperity
    He sold arms to China to defend itself.
    Neither China nor Japan had formally declared war on each other.