The Rainbow Nation- South AfricaUnmatched EcosystemDistressing PovertyMost Beautiful Cities
Contents 1 History 2 Society 3 Languages 4 Education 5 Flags & National Anthem
History of South Africa History Pre European Post European Era Era • Khoisan People •Dutch •Bantu People Colonization •Zulu People •Cape frontier war •Xhosa People •Anglo-Boer war •Zulu power grows •Discovery of Gold •Apartheid Era
Pre European Era Bantu People Zulu & Xhosa People Khoisan People
Rise of Apartheid White South Africans formed “Anti British Policy” focused on Independence. Native Location Act- 1879 South Africa Act- 1909 South Africa became independent Nation in 1910. Natives Land Act-1913, restricted ownership of land by Blacks.
Rise of TWO parties Parties Afrikaner African National National party Congress(ANC) (NP) To protest the Consolidate the exclusion of ideology of BLACKS from Apartheid Power.
African National Congress (ANC) Banned in 1963 by NP for Anti Apartheid movements. Nelson Mandela and many leaders were sent for lifetime imprisonment. Anti Apartheid movement continued till 1986. In 1986 government allowed constitutional reforms to give equal rights to BLACKS. 1990, Nelson Mandela released after 27 years of imprisonment. 1994, First Democratic Elections, Mandela becomes president.
Religions in SA Religion Adherents % Christianity 29,684,861 73.52 Non Religious 3,262,428 8.08 Buddhism/Chinese 12113 0.03 Islam 985,460 1.45 Hinduism 504,707 1.25 African Traditional 6,056,487 15 Believers Judaism 68,640 0.17 Source: StatsSA 2011
Christianity Introduced by Dutch & British settlers Khoisan & Bantu People were converted to Christianity. Islam Introduced by “Cape Malay” slaves of Dutch settlers.
Hinduism Introduced by laborers introduced from Indian sub continent. Buddhism Introduced by Indian and Chinese immigrants.
Ethnicity Race Male Female Total African 79.6 79.4 79.5 Colored 8.8 8.9 8.9 Indian/Asian 2.4 2.5 2.5 White 9.2 9.3 9.2 Source: StatsSA 2011 All data in %
Education System SCHOOL Academic Year January to December Primary School Grade 1 to Grade 6 Secondary School Grade 7 to Grade 9 HIGHER EDUCATION Diploma 2 years Bachelors 3 to 6 years Masters 2 years
Literacy Age 15 and over should be able Definition to READ & WRITE Total Literacy Rate 86.4% Male 87% Female 85.7% Source: StatsSA 2011
Languages Official Languages Speakers (%) IsiZulu 23.8 IsiXhosa 17.6 Afrikaans 13.3 Sepedi 9.4 English 8.2 Setswana 8.2 Sesotho 7.9 Xitsonga 4.4 Others 7.2 Source: StatsSA 2011 Others include, Tsotsi-taal & Isicamtho
Flags1910-1912 A British Red Ensign with the shield of the coat of arms of the Union of South Africa. 1912-1928 A British Red Ensign with the shield of the coat of arms ofthe Union of South Africa on a white roundel.
1928-1994 Orange, white, and blue horizontal stripes, on the white stripe, a union Flag (Left), the Orange Free State flag hanging vertically (Center) and the Flag of Transvaal (Left) 1994-Current Six Color flag. Adopted on 1994 genetal election
Colors Representation Abundance of Gold, Bravery & Symbol of Strength generosity. Honesty & Black People peace Love, Hope Vigilance, H & joy for the onesty & land Truth
National Anthem Adopted in 1994. The lyrics are written in the five most widely spoken languages: Xhosa, Zulu, Sesotho, Afrikaans, and English.