For more information see: “ Bottled Water and Your Health” Polaris Institute. http://www.insidethebottle.org/files/health%20impacts%20fact%20sheet.pdf “ Murky Waters: The Urgent Need for Health and Environmental Regulations of the Bottled Water Industry” Polaris Institute. http://www.insidethebottle.org/murky-waters-urgent-need-health-and-environmental-regulations-bottled-water-industry
(This is the most recent major report on bottled water safety.) While noting that most bottled water is safe, water…the organization found that at least one sample in a third of the brands. The Environmental Working Group tested 11 brands and found chemical contamination in all bottled waters tested, w/quality varying significantly. Some bottled waters exposing customers to unexpectedly high pollution loads including: trihalomethanes (THMs include chloroform, bromoform, bromodichloromethane, chlorodibromomethane) were detected in four brands, including Sam’s Choice and Acadia, at 2-3x the bottled water industry standard of 10ppb EPA regulates drinking water and FDA regulates bottled water, but oversight doesn’t apply to water packaged & sold w/in same state, including contents of water cooler jugs. Water bottles are often made of PET (polyethelene terphtalate) which is an endocrine disrupter and may leech into the water when the bottle is exposed to heat, sunlight, or long-term storage. Other bottles are made of polycarbonate (water cooler jugs, sport water bottles, some hard water bottles such as Nalgene-style bottles) which contains bisphenol A (BPA) and according to a National Institute of Health study can cause neurological and behavioral disorders in fetuses and children, and affects brain function, the reproductive system and the immune system in adults.
The water may come from &quot;one of the last pristine ecosystems on Earth,&quot; as some of the labels say, but out back of the bottling plant is a less pristine ecosystem veiled with a diesel haze. Each water bottler has its own version of this oxymoron: that something as pure and clean as water leaves a contrail. Treating and filtering tap water for bottling creates even more waste. By some estimates, it takes about two liters of water to make every liter you see on store shelves. Coke & Pepsi put their tap water through an energy-intensive reverse osmosis process that is more potent than that used to turn seawater into drinking water. American’s went through about 50 billion plastic water bottles last year, 167 for each person – bottles designed just to be discarded. (Water weighs 8 1/3 pounds a gallon. It's so heavy you can't fill an 18-wheeler with bottled water -- you have to leave empty space.)
The ugly truth…
What you may not know: <ul><li>Plastic bottles can take up to 1000 years before they even begin to compose </li></ul><ul><li>80% of plastic bottles are not recycled </li></ul>
why should I care?
the environment: <ul><li>Over 46,000 pieces of plastic debris float on every square mile of ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans use 4 million plastic bottles every hour. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 1 bottle out of 4 is recycled. </li></ul>
And the problem is GROWING <ul><li>In the US in 2006, bottled water consumption reached a record 8.3 billion gallons </li></ul><ul><li>Sales are growing by 10% each year, faster than any other beverage </li></ul>
<ul><li>There have been 29 recalls covering 49 bottled water products since 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Arsenic, mercury and toxic chemicals derived from crude oil have been found in bottled water </li></ul>Your health:
But wait…there’s more: <ul><li>In 1999 the NRDC tested more than 1,000 bottles: and found a third of the brands contained bacterial or chemical contaminants, including carcinogens , in levels exceeding government standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 60-70% of bottled water is not regulated at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Contamination can come from leaching of chemicals in the bottles themselves. </li></ul>http://blog.case.edu/james.chang/2007/06/29/bottled_water_mania
$0.002 $0.224 $3.73 $3.79 The Economics:
What are we really buying?
17 million barrels of oil to make the bottles...
Equal to one million cars
2.5 million tonnes of CO 2
Equal to 11,000 fully loaded transatlantic flights
Water quality reports
The ecological footprint of bottled water: <ul><li>The Fiji Water plant runs 24 hours a day with three big generators running on diesel fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>It takes about 72 billion gallons of water a year just to make the empty bottles. </li></ul><ul><li>About 1 billion bottles of water a week are moved around in ships, trains and trucks in the United States alone. </li></ul><ul><li>That's a weekly convoy equivalent to 37,800 18-wheelers delivering water. </li></ul>
Tap Water vs. Bottled Water <ul><li>Bottled water is tested once </li></ul><ul><li>a year. </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria such as E. Coli is allowed to be present in bottled water. </li></ul><ul><li>Bottled water is not required to be filtered or disinfected. </li></ul><ul><li>Testing for certain viruses is not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Results not required to be reported to the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers need not know about contamination. </li></ul><ul><li>Tap water is tested several hundred times a month. </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria must NOT be present in tap water. </li></ul><ul><li>Water is safeguarded, filtered, and disinfected at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>Tap water MUST be tested for certain viruses that may pose serious health risks </li></ul><ul><li>Test results must be reported to the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers must be informed about contamination. </li></ul>
The choice is clear...
To reduce your water footprint...
Turn on the tap!
<ul><li>BENEFITS: </li></ul><ul><li>BPA free </li></ul><ul><li>Eco friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Fashionable </li></ul><ul><li>Inexpensive </li></ul>and go plastic-free!