02 introduction to ecosystems

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  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ClcBIYa0mpA (National Geographic – World’s Creepiest Killers 45:06)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DtfgsI-dACg (Animal Weapons – Toxins and Venoms 42:18)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-pLHsNXoxg (National Geographic – Insect Wars 46:52)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=igy4XfTC2c0 (National Geographic – World’s Deadliest Predators 44:29)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQZ3niWcyCE (National Geographic – Creatures of the Deep Ocean 44:59)
  • 02 introduction to ecosystems

    1. 1. Ecology – the study of how organisms interact witheach other and their environment.Introduction to Ecosystems
    2. 2. Introduction to Ecosystems3What is an ecosystem?
    3. 3. Introduction to Ecosystems4Is the Rain Forest an Ecosystem?
    4. 4. Introduction to Ecosystems5Is the Kalahari Desert an Ecosystem?
    5. 5. Introduction to Ecosystems6Is this African savannah an Ecosystem?
    6. 6. Introduction to Ecosystems7Is Ontario’s boreal forest an Ecosystem?
    7. 7. Introduction to Ecosystems8Is the tundra an ecosystem?
    8. 8. Introduction to Ecosystems9Is Antarctica an ecosystem?
    9. 9. Introduction to Ecosystems10Is this sea floor an ecosystem?
    10. 10. Introduction to Ecosystems11Is this fallen tree an ecosystem?
    11. 11. Introduction to Ecosystems12Is this beaver pond an ecosystem?
    12. 12. Introduction to Ecosystems13They are all ecosystems.
    13. 13. Introduction to Ecosystems14An ecosystem is all of theorganisms that live in a region andinteract with each other and theirsurroundings.
    14. 14. Introduction to Ecosystems15Toronto could beconsidered anecosystem.Our school couldeven beconsidered anecosystem forwhatever liveshere.
    15. 15. Biotic and Abiotic Factors16Within an ecosystem are its living andnon-living components.
    16. 16. Biotic and Abiotic Factors17These components can be separatedinto biotic and abiotic factors.
    17. 17. Biotic and Abiotic Factors18Biotic factors are living things, theirremains, and physical featuresassociated with their activites.
    18. 18. Biotic and Abiotic Factors19Abiotic factors are non-livingphysical and chemical componentsof an ecosystem.
    19. 19. Biotic and Abiotic Factors20A bird:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    20. 20. Biotic and Abiotic Factors21A bird’s nest:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    21. 21. Biotic and Abiotic Factors22Fungii:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    22. 22. Biotic and Abiotic Factors23Pebbles:Biotic or Abiotic? Abiotic
    23. 23. Biotic and Abiotic Factors24A shoelace:Biotic or Abiotic? Abiotic
    24. 24. Biotic and Abiotic Factors25An elephant:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    25. 25. Biotic and Abiotic Factors26Elephant poop:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    26. 26. Biotic and Abiotic Factors27Elephant remains:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    27. 27. Biotic and Abiotic Factors28Elephant footprint:Biotic or Abiotic? Abiotic
    28. 28. Biotic and Abiotic Factors29Wind:Biotic or Abiotic? Abiotic
    29. 29. Biotic and Abiotic Factors30Temperature:Biotic or Abiotic? Abiotic
    30. 30. Biotic and Abiotic Factors31Grass:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    31. 31. Biotic and Abiotic Factors32Sand/Dirt:Biotic or Abiotic? Abiotic
    32. 32. Biotic and Abiotic Factors33Rain/A Lake:Biotic or Abiotic? Abiotic
    33. 33. Biotic and Abiotic Factors34Coral:Biotic or Abiotic? Biotic
    34. 34. Think. Pair. Share.35Put the following groupings in order from smallest tolargest:- Ecosystem- Organism- Biosphere- Community- Population
    35. 35. Ecosystem Hierarchy36An organism is a living entity.
    36. 36. 37All of the organisms of the same species inan area form a population.Ecosystem Hierarchy
    37. 37. 38Individuals from all of the populations form acommunity.Ecosystem Hierarchy
    38. 38. 39An ecosystem is a community and itsinteractions with its abiotic environment.Ecosystem Hierarchy
    39. 39. 40LargerSmallerEcosystem Hierarchy
    40. 40. 41LargerSmallerEcosystem Hierarchy
    41. 41. 42Ecosystem Review – DO NOT COPYWhat are the abiotic and bioticfeatures of the boreal forest?
    42. 42. 43Ecosystem Review – DO NOT COPYWhat are the abiotic and bioticfeatures of the boreal forest?Abiotic features:•Long, cold winter season•Warm summers•Moderate rainfall•Much of the precipitation is snow•Snow insulates and protects groundspecies
    43. 43. 44Ecosystem Review – DO NOT COPYWhat are the abiotic and bioticfeatures of the boreal forest?Biotic features:•Few species•Mainly black spruce forest and bogs•Black bears, red squirrels, and moose•Many biting flies•Reduced ecosystem productivity dueto short growing season
    44. 44. 45Ecosystem Review – DO NOT COPYWhat are the abiotic and bioticfeatures of a beaver pond?
    45. 45. 46Ecosystem Review – DO NOT COPYWhat are the abiotic and bioticfeatures of a beaver pond?Abiotic features:•Shallow water•Warm water in summer, ice-covered in winter•Temporary, but lasting years todecades•May break, causing floodingdownsteam
    46. 46. 47What are the abiotic and bioticfeatures of a beaver pond?Biotic features:•Community ofplants, fish, frogs, turtles, insects,and beavers•Surrounding forest is a foodsupply for the beavers•Flooding kills trees, which arethen used by species as food orshelter.Ecosystem Review – DO NOT COPY
    47. 47. Sustainability48What does it mean to sustain something?
    48. 48. Sustainability49A sustainable ecosystem is an ecosystem thatmaintains itself through natural ecological processes.
    49. 49. Sustainability50It can stay the same and preserve itself over a longperiod of time.
    50. 50. Are we living sustainably?Sustainability
    51. 51. 52What are some ways humans are making some ecosystemsunsustainable?Sustainability
    52. 52. Sustainability53Examples:LitteringPollutingLogging
    53. 53. Sustainability54Humans can also make artificialecosystems which are notsustainable. We must maintainthem ourselves.
    54. 54. SustainabilityWe are all connected to the ecosystems we live inand they influence many aspects of our lives.
    55. 55. Sustainability56Ecosystems provide wealth for many people, andcan affect our health and our moods.
    56. 56. Sustainability57What are 2 ways that ecosystems affect our:•Wealth?•Health?•Moods?
    57. 57. Sustainability58What are 2 ways ecosystems affect our:•Wealth?- Wood and forestry industry.- Mining industries.•Health?-People living in smoggy cities more likely to have asthma.-People that live at high altitudes breathe thinner air and havemore red blood cells.•Moods?Some ecosystems experience longer winters or more rainy days:- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): depression caused byincreasing dark hours and drop in temperature that comes withfall/winter.- Rainy day “blahs” versus bright sunny days.

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