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Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
Eras In American Literature
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Eras In American Literature

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Notes - an overview of the eras of American Literature.

Notes - an overview of the eras of American Literature.

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  • thanks a lot!!! your summary is amazing it will help me a lot!!!
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  • All literature is important because of what the writers of specific periods in time have observed, absorved and most important dared to share. American literature is the important transition from European lit. to the newest mode of life, with sparkling bubbles emanating from the same source but with different colors because of the melting pot.
    I do not want to sound like a puritan but, God bless you all and thanks for sharing.
    Ours is the challange to make this a better world!
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  • Thanks a lot for posting. It will be very helpful in my personal review of American Lit.
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  • 1. Eras in American Literature
  • 2. Before We Start
    Fold your paper into 2 columns
    Topic: Eras in American Literature
    Label – left column: Q’s, right column: Notes
    Summary box at the bottom
  • 3. The Puritans, the Rationalists, and the Revolution
    Captain John Smith, charter member of the Jamestown colony, chronicled his new world in a volume known as True Relation
    Typical of the style of writing during the early period of America
    Concerned more with facts than literary style
    Mostly historical
    Puritans, band of religious zealots who braved the Atlantic to establish a new order in America
    Believed that each person should seek a direct personal relationship with God
    Strive to live without sin to ensure a path to salvation in the afterlife
    Much of their reading focused on the Bible
    Writings tend to be nonfiction historical accounts or diaries that focused on religious observation
    Poet Anne Bradstreet
    Minister Jonathan Edwards
  • 4. The Puritans, the Rationalists, and the Revolution
    Captivity stories
    Tales of settlers being abducted and tortured by native Americans
    Wildly exaggerated, if not completely fabricated
    Fed the colonists’ desire for exciting tales of an exotic new land and their perception of Native Americans as a people to be feared.
    The Age Of Reason
    Pamphlets and essays influenced popular opinion
    Complete faith in human intellect
    Valued reason above all
    Believed that people were essentially good and capable of creating an ideal society
    The Rationalists
    Benjamin Franklin
    Thomas Paine
    Thomas Jefferson
  • 5. Topic: Eras in Am. Lit
    Q’s
    Notes
    How did Puritan beliefs influence their writing and the society?
    In what ways did the Rationalists shape our country?
    Puritans
    nonfiction historical accounts or diaries focused on religious observation
    Jonathan Edwards, Cpt. John Smith, Anne Bradstreet
    Rationalists
    Reason
    People good & able to create ideal society (utopia)
    Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson
  • 6. American Romanticism
    Rebelled against the ideas of the Age of Reason
    Valued emotion, imagination, and intuition
    Found inspiration in nature
    The Fireside Poets
    Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Oliver Wendell Holmes
    James Russell Lowell
    John Greenleaf Whittier
  • 7. American Renaissance
    Very different thinking about religion, human nature, and the future
    Americans were discussing how best to organize American society
    Better public education
    End to slavery
    Women’s rights
    Writers
    Nathaniel Hawthorne
    Herman Melville
    Edgar Allan Poe
    Washington Irving
    James Fenimore Cooper
    Poets
    Emily Dickinson
    Walt Whitman
    Transcendentalists
    Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Henry David Thoreau
    Believed that to live more satisfying life, you had to go beyond everyday reality by immersing yourself in nature
    Optimistic, putting faith in the power of the individual
    People could be happy and good if they felt a personal connection to nature
  • 8. Topic: Eras in Am. Lit
    Q’s
    Notes
    Why was nature such an important part of Romanticism and Transcendentalism?
    Compare Romanticism to Transcendentalism.
    Romanticism
    Rebelled against Rationalists
    Imagination, creativity
    Nature
    Longfellow, Holmes, Whittier
    Renaissance
    How to organize society
    Hawthorne, Melville, Poe
    Transcendentalists
    People could be happy and good if they felt a personal connection to nature
  • 9. The Civil War and Realism
    Writings about slavery
    1850 Fugitive Slave Act – imposed punishment on anyone who helped a person trying to escape in the southern states
    Harriet Beecher Stowe – Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass
    The life story of Sojourner Truth
    Walt Whitman celebrated the bravery of American soldiers
  • 10. Realists, Regionalists, and Naturalists
    Stephen Crane - The Red Badge Of Courage
    Tried to describe life as accurately as possible
    Lives of ordinary people from a neutral point of view
    Henry James
    Psychological novel
    Fascinated with people’s behavior
    Explored thinking and motivation behind the actions of characters
    Mark Twain – Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn
    Regionalist - focused on the reality of life in specific parts of the country
    Jack London – The Call The Wild
    Naturalist – focused on the forces of society or nature that are beyond a person’s control but influence life
  • 11. Topic: Eras in Am. Lit
    Q’s
    Notes
    How did the Civil War affect writing?
    Compare and contrasts Realists, Regionalists, and Naturalists.
    Civil War
    Not much significant literature
    Realists, Regionalists, and Naturalists
    Focus on reality, forces of nature, and people’s behavior.
    Jack London
    Mark Twain
  • 12. Modernism
    Spirit of changing growth reflected in which of the early twentieth century
    The Roaring Twenties
    T.S. Eliot , Ezra Pound, e ecummings, and Marianne Moore
    Broke from tradition
    Modern style that was more impersonal
    Used symbolism to a greater degree
    Influenced by European modernist artists the
    Picasso and Matisse
  • 13. Modernism
    The Harlem Renaissance
    Explosion in human rights
    Migrated to northern cities in the nineteen twenties
    Came together to influence each other’s work
    Focused on the reality of black life including history, racism, and identity
    Langston Hughes
    James Weldon Johnson
    Countee Cullen
    Zora Neale Hurston
    Richard Wright
  • 14. Modernism
    Following the Great Depression, Americans core beliefs about themselves in the world began to change
    The American Dream changed
    Americans were cynical but the government
    Began to question traditional ways of thinking about politics and culture
    Stream of consciousness writers
    William Faulkner
    Katherine Anne Porter
    Influenced by Freud
    Psychology
    Reality of American life
    Sinclair Lewis – small town
    Ernest Hemingway – disillusionment with American ideas
    F. Scott Fitzgerald – consequences of living the American Dream, questioning societies definition of success and progress
    The Great Gatsby
  • 15. Topic: Eras in Am. Lit
    Q’s
    Notes
    Give an example of the symbolism used by writers in the 20’s.
    In what ways did the writers of the Harlem Renaissance change people’s perceptions of African Americans?
    Roaring 20’s
    Break from tradition
    Symbolism
    Modernist influence
    Harlem Renaissance
    Focus on black life, civil rights, racism
    Langston Hughes
    Malcolm X
    Modernism
    New American Dream
    Stream of Consciousness
    Hemmingway, Fitzgerald
  • 16. Great Names in American Literature
    Washington Irving
    James Fenimore Cooper
    Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Nathaniel Hawthorne
    Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Edgar Allan Poe
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
    Henry David Thoreau
    Frederick Douglass
    Herman Melville
    Walt Whitman
    Emily Dickinson
    Louisa May Alcott
    Mark Twain
    Henry James
    Kate Chopin
    Edith Wharton
    Stephen Crane
    Theodore Dreiser
    Willa Cather
    Robert Frost
    William Carlos Williams
    Sinclair Lewis
    Eugene O’Neill
    Ezra Pound
    TS Eliot
    Katherine Anne Porter
    Zora Neale Hurston
    F. Scott Fitzgerald
    Ernest Hemingway
    Thomas Wolfe
    Langston Hughes
    John Steinbeck
    Robert Penn Warren
    W.H. Auden
    Richard Wright
    Eudora Welty
    Tennessee Williams
    Ralph Ellison
    Arthur Miller
    Robert Lowell
    J.D. Salinger
    Jack Kerouac
    Joseph Heller
    James Baldwin
    Allen Ginsberg
    Anne Sexton
    Toni Morrison
    Sylvia Plath

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