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Osteoporosis
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  • You have noticed recently that your grandmother seems to be walking with a slight stoop to her posture. She mentioned that at her last doctor visit, he told her she had the beginning stages of osteoporosis. What do you know about osteoporosis?A.            Define osteoporosis.B.            What are some of the physiological changes that occur?C.            Who is most likely to be afflicted?D.            What are some of the preventive measures and what type of treatment is available
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001400/Define osteoporosis
  •   Who is most likely to be afflicted?
  • What are some of the physiological changes that occur?
  • What are some of the preventive measures and what type of treatment is available
  • http://www.pulsemed.org/wiosteoporosis.htm
  • References:http://www.emedicinehealth.com/osteoporosis/page2_em.htmhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001400/

Transcript

  • 1. Osteoporosis
    M Yannitell
    Option 4, Module 7
  • 2. What is osteoporosis?
    • The thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time
    • 3. Most common type of bone disease
    • 4. 1 out of 5 American women > 50 have osteoporosis
    • 5. ½ of women, at 50 will have a fracture of the hip, wrist, or vertebra
    • 6. The body fails to form enough new bone
  • Four stages
    Stage 1- Begins at about age 35 before it is detectable
    Stage 2- Occurs between ages 35 and 55 when osteoporosis becomes detectable with special tests
    Stage 3- Can begin as early as 45 and is characterized by bone fractures
    Stage 4- May begin as early as age 55 with fractures accompanied by chronic pain and deformity.
  • 7. Risk factors
    Absence of menstrual periods
    Drinking large amounts of alcohol
    Family history
    History of hormone treatment for prostate or breast cancer
    Low body weight
    Smoking
    Too little calcium in
    diet
  • 8. Causes
    Leading Cause- Lack of certain hormones
    Estrogen – Females
    Androgen - Males
    Being confined to a bed
    Chronic rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, eating disorders
    Taking corticosteroid medications
    Hyperparathyroidism
    Inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D
    Lack of muscle use
    Bone Cancer
  • 9. Symptoms
    Bone pain or tenderness
    Fractures with little or no trauma
    Loss of height over time
    Low back pain due to fractures of the spinal bones
    Neck pain due to fractures of
    the spinal bones
    Stooped posture,
    “dowager’s hump”
  • 10. Preventative care
  • 11. Treatment options
    Stage 2
    Remove risk factors
    Adequate amount of vitamin D and calcium
    Stage 3
    Begin a regular exercise program
    Remove risk factors
    Adequate amount vitamin d and calcium
    Ask about prescriptions
    Stage 4
    Follow step above
    Discuss pain management with physician
  • 12.
  • 13. Additional information
    • Safe Living
    • 14. Go slowly since falls often occur when in a hurry
    • 15. Think before you move
    • 16. Make your environment safe
    • 17. Consider the indoor/outdoor home as well as environment
    Click below more information