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  • You have noticed recently that your grandmother seems to be walking with a slight stoop to her posture. She mentioned that at her last doctor visit, he told her she had the beginning stages of osteoporosis. What do you know about osteoporosis?A.            Define osteoporosis.B.            What are some of the physiological changes that occur?C.            Who is most likely to be afflicted?D.            What are some of the preventive measures and what type of treatment is available
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001400/Define osteoporosis
  •   Who is most likely to be afflicted?
  • What are some of the physiological changes that occur?
  • What are some of the preventive measures and what type of treatment is available
  • http://www.pulsemed.org/wiosteoporosis.htm
  • References:http://www.emedicinehealth.com/osteoporosis/page2_em.htmhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001400/
  • Osteoporosis

    1. 1. Osteoporosis<br />M Yannitell<br />Option 4, Module 7<br />
    2. 2. What is osteoporosis?<br /><ul><li>The thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time
    3. 3. Most common type of bone disease
    4. 4. 1 out of 5 American women > 50 have osteoporosis
    5. 5. ½ of women, at 50 will have a fracture of the hip, wrist, or vertebra
    6. 6. The body fails to form enough new bone</li></li></ul><li>Four stages<br />Stage 1- Begins at about age 35 before it is detectable<br />Stage 2- Occurs between ages 35 and 55 when osteoporosis becomes detectable with special tests<br />Stage 3- Can begin as early as 45 and is characterized by bone fractures<br />Stage 4- May begin as early as age 55 with fractures accompanied by chronic pain and deformity. <br />
    7. 7. Risk factors<br />Absence of menstrual periods<br />Drinking large amounts of alcohol<br />Family history<br />History of hormone treatment for prostate or breast cancer<br />Low body weight<br />Smoking<br />Too little calcium in <br /> diet<br />
    8. 8. Causes<br />Leading Cause- Lack of certain hormones<br />Estrogen – Females<br />Androgen - Males<br />Being confined to a bed<br />Chronic rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, eating disorders<br />Taking corticosteroid medications<br />Hyperparathyroidism<br />Inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D<br />Lack of muscle use<br />Bone Cancer<br />
    9. 9. Symptoms<br />Bone pain or tenderness<br />Fractures with little or no trauma<br />Loss of height over time<br />Low back pain due to fractures of the spinal bones<br />Neck pain due to fractures of<br />the spinal bones<br />Stooped posture, <br />“dowager’s hump”<br />
    10. 10. Preventative care<br />
    11. 11. Treatment options<br />Stage 2<br />Remove risk factors<br />Adequate amount of vitamin D and calcium<br />Stage 3<br />Begin a regular exercise program<br />Remove risk factors<br />Adequate amount vitamin d and calcium<br />Ask about prescriptions<br />Stage 4<br />Follow step above<br />Discuss pain management with physician<br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13. Additional information<br /><ul><li>Safe Living
    14. 14. Go slowly since falls often occur when in a hurry
    15. 15. Think before you move
    16. 16. Make your environment safe
    17. 17. Consider the indoor/outdoor home as well as environment</li></ul>Click below more information<br />