What we will look at: Quotes (primary and secondary) Parenthetical citations (primary and secondary) Works Cited page Additional formatting for this particular paper
Quotes—Primary source Short quotes will indicate line breaks using a slash with a space on each side. ( / ) Iago’s deception of Othello is dependent upon the Moor’s honest and trusting nature: “The Moor is of a free and open nature / That thinks men honest that but seem to be so; / And will as tenderly be led by th’ nose / As asses are” (1.3.390-93).
Quotes—Primary source Long quotes will be indented and follow the exact format of the original.Othello’s trusting nature allows him to mistakenly trust Iago: This fellow’s of exceeding honesty, And knows all qualities, with a learned spirit Of human dealings. If I do prove her haggard, Though that her jesses were my dear heartstrings, I’d whistle her off and let her down wind To prey at fortune. (3.3. 257-62)
Quotes—Secondary source Any quotation that is 4 lines or fewer is considered a short quotation and should be incorporated into your sentence. The final punctuation comes after the citation: Critics agree that Mary Shelley has “absorbed into Frankenstein the ideas about education, society, and morality held by her father and her mother” (Moers 94).
Quotes—Secondary source Quotations that are longer than 4 lines are indented 10 spaces and do not require quotation marks. The final punctuation comes before the citation. Moers summarizes the many varied responses to and interpretations of Frankenstein: Mary Shelley’s novel and her title character became a byword for the dangers of scientific knowledge. But the work has also been read as an existential fable; as a commentary on the cleavage between reason and feeling, in both philosophical thought and educational theory; as a parable of the excesses of idealism and genius; as a dramatization of the divided self; [and] as an attack on the stultifying force of social convention, including race prejudice. (97-98)
Citations—Primary source Drama is cited using the act, scene and line numbers if the play is written in verse, and the page numbers if the play is a prose play. Act, scene and line numbers are presented in Arabic numbers. For example, Act 1, Scene 2, lines 1 through 10 should be written as 1.2.1-10. “What’s done is done,” (3.2.12).
Citations—Secondary source Cite secondary sources using author’s last name and page number. Critics agree that Mary Shelley has “absorbed into Frankenstein the ideas about education, society, and morality held by her father and her mother” (Moers 94).
Works Cited Your Works Cited page should list all of the sources you used for your paper. Each essay from the criticisms books is its own source and should be documented as such. All essays have titles! Your Works Cited page should have a minimum of FOUR entries (including the primary source).
Works Cited Most of the sources that you will cite (including your primary source!) are “book sections” and should be formatted properly. Use a citation machine and check the new 2009 MLA Rules for changes and updates.
Works Cited: Resources FHS Library Media Center Wiki http://fhslearningcommons.pbworks.com/ The OWL at Purdue (Online Writing Center) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/05/ Citation machines (including EasyBib.com)
Formatting Follow the Rough Draft format sheet that was handed out. See me with questions. First page: Double check that your first page is formatted correctly. Last name and page number should be in the header of each page. Don’t forget to italicize OR underline the title of the play! Be consistent. Margins should be 1” on all sides and paper should be in TNR or Calibri, 11-12 point font.