Material handling


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  • Material handling is an integral part of any industrial activity. With growing business, a greater emphasis is laid on productivity, profitability as well as resource conservation and ecological preservation. Material handling plays a very crucial role in sustaining efficiency in financial and human resources.
  • Material handling

    1. 1. W hat is materialhandling????
    2. 2. Material Handling is the movement, storage, control and protection of materials, goods and products throughout the process of manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal. The focus is on the methods, mechanical equipment, systems and related controls used to achieve these functions. The material handling industry manufactures and distributes the equipment and services required to implement material handling systems. Material handling systems range from simple pallet rack and shelving projects, to complex conveyor belt and Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS). Material handling can also consist of sorting and picking, as well as automatic guided vehicles.
    3. 3. Material handling principles 1. Planning Principle 2. Standardization Principle 3. Work Principle 4. Ergonomic Principle 5. Unit Load 6. Space Utilization Principle 7. System Principle 8. Automation Principle 9. Environmental Principle 10.Life Cycle Cost Principle
    4. 4. Objectives 1) Reduced Costs 2) Increased Capacity 3) Improved Working Condition 4) Value Addition to Products In brief, the primary objectives of Material Handling are; 1. To save money 2. To save time 3. To save men
    5. 5. Scope of Material handling: o Manufacturing o Processing o Construction o Mining o Power o Machine Tools o Truck building o Rail road car builders o Barge and Ship building o Aircraft
    6. 6. Basic Information about Material Handling Equipment Material handling equipment are industrial devices that are used to move, transport, store, protect, handle and/ or dispose goods, products and materials. This equipment is generally used in large industries such as shipping and logistics, warehousing, pharmaceuticals, food industry, construction and manufacturing. Small and medium industries also used material handling equipment that is intended for smaller workload and applications. Material handling equipment is used mainly to improve workers' performance and efficiency. These devices help greatly in decreasing unwanted accidents and muscle strain to laborers doing manual work such as lifting and moving bulk and heavy materials.
    7. 7. TYPES OF MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT Conventional Material Handling Equipment • 1. Storage Equipment • 2. Bulk Material Handling • 3. Industrial Trucks Conventional Material Handling Equipment • 1. Robotic Delivery System • 2. Computer Controlled Conveyor System • 3. Automated Guided Vehicles
    8. 8. Pros and Cons of Using Material Handling Equipment • PROS: • Lessen manual labor. • Less shipping errors. • Minimal damage on goods and materials. • Less shipping and production costs. • Lessen employees compensation claims therefore allows you to save more in the long run. • CONS: • Require fast data tracking and processing. • Require reliable and fool- proof inventory management system. • Require more free floor spaces so that equipment can move properly. • Buying your own material handling equipment may require you to raise bigger funds or initial capital. • Require you to set aside funds for maintenance and repair.
    9. 9. Factors Affecting the selection of Material Handling Equipment • Adaptability • Flexibility • Load capacity • Power • Speed • Space requirements • Supervision required • Ease of maintenance • Environment • Cost
    10. 10. Types of Material Handling Equipment Basically there are three types of materials handling equipments. 1. Static • Platforms • Pallets • Still ages
    11. 11. 2. Fixed Types  Flat Conveyors  Roller Conveyors  Wheel Conveyors  Trolley Conveyors  Bridge Crane  Electricity Hoist  Jib Crain  Chain Hoist  Gantry Crane
    12. 12. 3. Vehicles Pallets Trucks Fork lift trucks Industrial Vehicles