Uses of Different Shot Types


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This presentation gives examples of several different shot types used in a storyboard as well as a rationale as to why they might be used.

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Uses of Different Shot Types

  1. 1. Using Shot Types <ul><li>This presentation will teach you the purposes of various shot types when filming a project. If this is all new to you, consider visiting the following link to find out more about commonly used shot types: </li></ul>
  2. 2. Why do we change the shot? <ul><li>The audience will get bored if you never move the camera or show them something from a new angle. Think about when you are taking a class. Do you stare in one spot for the entire period or do your eyes want to move around? </li></ul>
  3. 3. How do I plan my shots? <ul><li>Use storyboarding. In this presentation, you will see a method of storyboarding that does not require any drawing skills at all. You will need: </li></ul><ul><li>A Camera </li></ul><ul><li>One or more figures (artist dummies, dolls or action figures) </li></ul><ul><li>Some props (I made mine out of paper) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Description: Fade in on overhead shot of Boulder Meadows Golf Couse. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - It's a beautiful day heard at Boulder Meadows where... (continued) </li></ul>Shot 1) Overhead Shot (bird's-eye-view) ©2011 Google Map data ©2011 Google
  5. 5. <ul><li>Rationale: An overhead shot would be used here to communicate the size and luxury of the golf course. It is harder to communicate these things from an eye-level shot. </li></ul>Shot 1) Overhead Shot (bird's-eye-view) ©2011 Google Map data ©2011 Google
  6. 6. <ul><li>Description: Establish of golf course sign. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - … where two pros of golf square off ... </li></ul>Shot 2) Establishing Shot
  7. 7. <ul><li>Rationale: A shot here that establishes the location and event is a quick way to communicate this to the audience before beginning the action. </li></ul>Shot 2) Establishing Shot
  8. 8. <ul><li>Description: Golf pro Terry McCormack gets ready to take his shot. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - … in the most lucrative long drive competition of the season. </li></ul>Shot 3) Wide Shot
  9. 9. <ul><li>Rationale: With our first view of Terry, we want to see as much as possible to maintain a picture of him when we cut in for closer shots. </li></ul>Shot 3) Wide Shot
  10. 10. <ul><li>Description: A shot of Terry's signature golfball. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - Terry's using his special golfball given to him by his family ... </li></ul>Shot 4) Extreme Close-Up
  11. 11. <ul><li>Rationale: The golfball given to him by his family is significant to the story so we draw attention to it with an extreme close-up. </li></ul>Shot 4) Extreme Close-Up
  12. 12. <ul><li>Description: Terry, motivated by thoughts of his family, concentrates on his shot. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - … for good luck ... </li></ul>Shot 5) Close-Up
  13. 13. <ul><li>Rationale: If you want to show the emotion of a character and don't need any of the actions, use a close-up on their face. </li></ul>Shot 5) Close-Up
  14. 14. <ul><li>Description: Rival Barney Linden rubs hands in anticipation of win. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - … as Barney Linden, with the shot to beat looks eager for his prize money. </li></ul>Shot 6) Cutaway to Low Angle Medium Close-Up
  15. 15. <ul><li>Rationale: Low angle shots make characters appear more sinister. We use the medium close-up as we need both his expression and hands in the shot. </li></ul>Shot 6) Cutaway to Low Angle Medium Close-Up
  16. 16. <ul><li>Description: Terry looks to his family for support. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - Terry's family is in the crowd today ... </li></ul>Shot 7) Close-Up
  17. 17. <ul><li>Rationale: We need the shot to be close enough to Terry's face so that we can see where he is looking as well as his expression. </li></ul>Shot 7) Close-Up
  18. 18. <ul><li>Description: Terry's family looks on in anticipation. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - … hoping that he can add another trophy to their mantlepiece. </li></ul>Shot 8) Cutaway to Two-Shot
  19. 19. <ul><li>Rationale: You are really limited in your framing options when you need to show two people. This is like a medium shot. </li></ul>Shot 8) Cutaway to Two-Shot
  20. 20. <ul><li>Description: A bead of sweat rolls down Terry's head as he refocuses on his shot. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - Here is comes folks. I think that Terry's ... </li></ul>Shot 9) Close-Up (choker)
  21. 21. <ul><li>Rationale: We use this shot to push the camera into Terry's face closer than it was before to communicate the intensity of the moment. </li></ul>Shot 9) Close-Up (choker)
  22. 22. <ul><li>Description: Terry tightens grip on club. Sound of leather being gripped. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - … ready to take his shot. </li></ul>Shot 10) Cut-in to Extreme Close-Up
  23. 23. <ul><li>Rationale: We want to dramatize the moment by showing Terry's hands in a close-up right before we pull back for the big action shot. </li></ul>Shot 10) Cut-in to Extreme Close-Up
  24. 24. <ul><li>Description: Terry hits the ball with everything he's got! </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - WHOAH NELLIE! </li></ul>Shot 11) Dutch Tilt Wide Shot
  25. 25. <ul><li>Rationale: We need the wide shot distance to see the full swing and the ridiculous tilt underscores the intensity of the action. </li></ul>Shot 11) Dutch Tilt Wide Shot
  26. 26. <ul><li>Description: Barney throws his hands in the air in shock. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - BARNEY LINDEN CAN'T BELIEVE HIS EYES! </li></ul>Shot 12) Cutaway to Eye-Level Medium Close-Up
  27. 27. <ul><li>Rationale: We switch this shot of Barney to eye-level to contrast how the audience should feel about him now (weak) as opposed to the last shot in which we saw him. </li></ul>Shot 12) Cutaway to Eye-Level Medium Close-Up
  28. 28. <ul><li>Description: Terry points as the ball goes flying out of sight. </li></ul><ul><li>(V.O.) - TERRY MCCORMACK WINS THE TOURNAMENT! </li></ul>Shot 13) Point of View
  29. 29. <ul><li>Rationale: Using a point-of-view shot here gives us a good idea that the camera is the point-of-origin of the ball. It helps the audience with the geography of the scene. </li></ul>Shot 13) Point-of-View
  30. 30. <ul><li>Description: Terry speaks to interviewer: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I couldn't have done it without the support of my family.” </li></ul>Shot 14) Over the Shoulder Shot
  31. 31. <ul><li>Rationale: We want to communicate efficiently that Terry is being interviewed as well as his emotion as he speaks. </li></ul>Shot 14) Over the Shoulder Shot
  32. 32. <ul><li>Description: Terry continues to talk about his family values. </li></ul>Shot 15) Noddy Shot
  33. 33. <ul><li>Rationale: We want to cut occasionally to the interviewer while Terry is talking to avoid eye-boredom from the audience. </li></ul>Shot 15) Noddy Shot
  34. 34. The End <ul><li>Obviously not every shot type was used in this storyboard, but it should give you a good idea about why a cinematographer might use those shots. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Resources <ul><li>“ Shot Types”. . Web. 2 Jul, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>All photos taken by Murray Stardom </li></ul>