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  • 1. Doodads and Thingamajigs
    Low Tech in the classroom
    Brittany Cloutier
  • 2. Assistive Technology and Classroom Management
    Well managed classrooms allow for more time for engaged learning
    Fewer disruptions and smoother transitions between activities result in more time for learning.
    Assistive technology provides just that!
    It provides teachers with supports for students to help engage learning and provides them access to their curriculum.
  • 3. What is assistive technology?
  • 4. assistive Technology
    “any item.”
    Anything can be called Assistive Technology if it is used to “increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.”
    Anything you can think of, ANYTHING, can be assistive technology.
    Markers, blackboards, papers, rulers, protractors, Velcro, laminate, erasers, posters, or any other item you might find in a typical classroom can be considered AT.
  • 5. Assistive Technology Device
    Any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of a child with a disability.
  • 6. Assistive Technology Service
    Any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.
    This service includes selecting designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing assistive technology.
  • 7. Research supporting AT
    “Almost 30 years of research and experience has demonstrated that the education of children with disabilities can be made more effective by…supporting the development and use of technology, including assistive technology devices and assistive technology services, to maximize accessibility for children with disabilities.” (Bugaj & Norton Darr, 2010)
    “Instructional technology, when used effectively can enable ways of teaching that better match how children learn.” (Sorrels et. al, 2004)
  • 8. Legislation Guides Current assistive Technology
    The foundation of Assistive Technology is the law that ensures students with disabilities will work to achieve goals while being provided a “free and appropriate education.”
    Assistive technology has come into the public consciousness not only because of its practically but also as a result of federal legislation.
  • 9. Legislation Guides Current assistive Technology
    Assistive Technology Act of 2004
    Under this act the Department of Education provides grants and funding to increase the
    “availability of and access to assistive technology devices and services that will significantly benefit individuals with disabilities of all ages.”
  • 10. Funding
    Federal Funds may be used to support the use of technology
    Includes technology with universal design principles and assistive technology devices
    Used to maximize accessibility to the general education curriculum for children with disabilities.
  • 11. Popular misconceptions surrounding AT
    Things that aren’t true:
    The purpose of assistive technology is to help students become independent.
    AT makes a teacher’s job easier.
    AT is just for students with severe disabilities/.
    I’m not tech savy enough to implement AT.
    Students with learning disabilities don’t need AT.
    AT is just for students with communication difficulties.
    Only people with specialized training in AT can provide AT services.
    AT is only computer stuff.
    Assistive technology always costs a lot of money.
  • 12.
  • 13. Low Tech Tools
    Tools that fall into this category don’t require electricity to function.
    Examples:
    Slant Boards
    Chalk
    Highlighters, Highlighter tape
    Pencil Grips
    Schedules
    Calendars
    Sticky Notes
    Footrests
    Picture symbols
    Index cards
    Not a device- They are strategies!
  • 14. Mid-tech tools
    Have some basic circuitry involved.
    Examples:
    Lights
    Buzzers
    Vibrating switches
    Touch windows
    Basic environmental control units
    Portable word processors
    Static display communication devices
  • 15. High Tech-tools
    Also use batteries but they have also have some advanced circuitry involved.
    Examples:
    Computers
    Purchased Software
    Dynamic displaycommunication devices
    Communication devices
    Electronic portable desktop assistants
  • 16. No-tech, low-tech, mid-tech, high-tech
    I do not like this high-tech Sam. I do not like it Sam-I-Am.
    I will not plug it in the wall. I will not try it if you call.
    I will not insert the battery. It’s far too heavy for me to carry.
    I do not want to hear it speak. That’s not the answer that I seek.
    I do not care about the cost. Take it back, all hope is lost.
    I will not, cannot, turn it on. I’ve said my piece so now be gone!
    What is that you say? You think there is another way?
    Something without electricity? Well, show me then, let me see!
    It’s simple, it’s easy, it’s cheap, it’s free! Show me now, what can it be?
    That’s it, that’s all, this tiny thing? Its ingenious, it’s clever, it’s amazing!
    I can use this everywhere. In every place, from here to there!
    Thank you so much for bringing it by. I’m so happy I could cry.
    With this tool, this strategy, I’ll be a success, just wait and see!
  • 17. Internet Safetyprotected kids browser
    Free software package
    Developed specifically for children living with variants of autism spectrum disorders.
    Offers games, activities, videos
  • 18. Internet Safety-ZacBroswer
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJGncJatGUg
  • 19. Internet SafetySearch Engines for academic use
    Sweet Search - "every web site has been evaluated by our research experts“
    Kid Rex - "Safe search by kids, for kids!“
    FamHoo - the "family friendly" search engine
    Wolfram Alpha - the "computational, knowledge engine“
    Google Scholar
  • 20. CommunicationPicture Schedules
    What is currently happening;
    What is coming up next (the sequence of events);
    When they are "all done" with something
    Examples: object schedule, 3-ring binder schedule, clipboard schedule, manila file folder schedules, dry erase board 
  • 21. CommunicationPicture schedules
    Why are they important?
    These supports help students understand the activities they are engaging in and help  manage any frustrations that are accompanied with academic work or  the students environment.
  • 22. CommunicationSchedules
    Can be used for:
    Step by step directions
  • 23. CommunicationPicture Schedules
    Behavior management:
     visual representation of rules and alternative behaviors allows children to improve self-regulation and self-management skills without needing the support of an adult.
  • 24. CommunicationPicture Schedules
    If something is bothering me I can….
    Examples:
     raise my hand for help
    close my eyes and count to 10
    take 5 big breaths
    ask for a break
  • 25. CommunicationSocial Stories
    Provide a child with the use of visual information/strategies to improve their understanding of various social situations and to teach them specific behaviors to use when interacting with others.
    Written individually for each child.
  • 26. CommunicationSocial Stories
    FREE Online Library of Social Stories
    Examples
  • 27. Writing toolsHomemade pencil grips
    Building up and making pencils and pens larger allows students a easier grasp.
    Materials needed:
    Pencil
    Model Magic
    Vaseline
  • 28. Writing Tools
    Chubby Crayons
    For:
    • Children with limited fine motor control
    • 29. Large enough for the child to wrap their hand around and still color without breaking them
  • Writing toolsSlant Board
    Materials Needed:
    Congregated Cardboard
    Tape
    Velcro
    Scissors
    Pencil
    Binder Slant board
    Materials needed:
    3” ring binder
    Clips
    Hot glue gun
  • 30. Writing tools
    Adaptive Paper- line bumpers
    Materials needed:
    Wikki sticks
    Paper
  • 31. Writing Tools
    Free online storytelling tool to engage struggling writers.
    Storybird works with word prediction and text to speech software. 
    Example
  • 32. Writing tools
    Build A Word (IPAD)
    Improve early literacy skills, including: print awareness, letter knowledge and comprehension.
    .99
  • 33. Writing Tools
    Cookie Sheet Worksheet
    Math:
    Students can slide magnetic numbers into numerical order, sort by odd or even status, add, subtract, multiply, divide, greater than, less than.
    Language arts
    Students can use alphabet magnets to participate in activities such as letter identification, matching uppercase and lowercase letters, or spelling tests.
  • 34. Writing ToolsStory It
    Word Magnets
    Phonics reinforcement and sentence building exercise
  • 35. Reading tools
    Page Turners
    Use popsicle sticks
    Page Bumpers
    • Use Felt disks, clear bumpers
  • Reading toolsLittle bird tales
    Encourages creativity and self expression
    Reinforces reading and writing skills
    Example
  • 36. Reading ToolsIpad Application
    BOB Books (IPAD)
  • 37. Reading tools
  • 38. Reading ToolsJeanie Books in Powerpoint
    Decodable books for beginner readers
    Open in powerpoint
    FREE!
    Example
  • 39. Math toolsIpad Applications
    Number Fun
    Cost- .99
    Helps children increase their mathematical ability, drills and practice skills.
    Teaches basic skills in addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
    Talkulator
    Cost- free
    Speaks the numbers in 7 languages
    Cost .99
    Free
  • 40. Math ToolsNumber Stamps
    Use rubber stamps for math activities instead of pencils.
  • 41. Organization
    Highlighter Tape:
    Highlight keys words in a text
    Color code agendas/assignments
    Task break down board
    Clear colored ruler
    Track print while reading
    Timers
    Sticky notes
  • 42. Play
    Shower Curtain Ring Toy
  • 43. Battery Interrupter
    Quickly adapt any battery-operated toy or device for switch use.
    Who can benefit:
    Any child who has difficulty accessing a standard battery operated toys on/off button.
    Examples: child who us unable to see a button, can not physically push the button, or developmentally does not understand the concept of cause and effect.
  • 44. What can you do with this fish game?
  • 45. Classroom Management
    Questions to ask yourself when setting up your classroom surrounding Assistive Technology.
    1.  Can the teacher see the monitors of the students who are using computers, other devices or supports at their desks?
    2. Can students see the teacher at all times while they are using their technology?
    3. Are frequently used AT tools readily accessible for the students who need them at all times?
    4. Are AT supports placed in a location that is easy to get to for the student and does not take a large amount of time away from instruction?
    5. Is the technology distracting to other students?
    6. How do students make transitions to technology stations such as a  computer and do they know what materials to bring with them?
  • 46. Resources
    1. Assistive Technology for Children with Autism. (n.d.).CESA #7 Special Education Services index. Retrieved April 12, 2011, from http://www.specialed.us/autism/assist/asst10.htm
    Battery Interrupter. (n.d.).Tech Tools List. http://www.assistivetech.sf.k12.sd.us/battery_interrupter.htm
    2. Bugaj, C. R., & Norton-Darr, S. (2010). The Practical and Fun Guide to Assistive Technology. Oregon: International Society for Technology in Education.
    Byrne, R. (n.d.). Free Technology for Teachers. Tech. www.freetech4teachers.com/
    3. "GenieBooksin PowerPoint."Auburn University. N.p., n.d.http://www.auburn.edu/~murra
    3. Janowski, K. (n.d.). Free Technology Toolkit for UDL in All Classrooms. Wikispaces.
    http://udltechtoolkit.wikispaces.com/
  • 47. Resources
    4. Little Bird Tales - In the Forest. (n.d.). Little Bird Tales - Home. http://littlebirdtales.com/tales/view/story_id/6479/
    5. Low-Tech Tools: Math Aids. (n.d.). At Basics. http://atto.buffalo.edu/registered/ATBasics/Populations/LowTech/math.php
    6. Sorrells, A. M., Rieth, H. J., & Sindlear, P. T. (2004). Trends and Issues in Instructional and Assistive Technology. Critical Issues in Special Education(pp. 205-225). New York: Pearson.
    7. Robitaille, S. (2010). The Illustrated Guide to Assistive Technology and Devices. New York: Demos Medical Publishing LLC.
    8. Social Stories. (n.d.). Region 2 Digital Lending Library Social Stories Information & Resources
    http:/http://www.region2library.org/SocialStories.htm
  • 48. Resources
    9. The Case Against Assistive Technology. (n.d.). You Tube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNs88Ki1WSo
    10. Zac Web Browser Aims to Focus Autistic Kids. (n.d.). You http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJGncJatGUg