US History: A Changing WorldPresentation Transcript
Civil Rights and the Cold War: 1946-1991
The Cold War Begins:A War of IdeologyChurchill, Truman, and Stalin at thePotsdamConference, July 1945
Satellite Nations Iron Curtain Churchill coined the term “Iron Curtain” and is depicted belowPolitical cartoon depicting Stalin and his satellite nations
US Foreign Policy Response Containment Theory Truman DoctrineAbove: The Chicago Tribune went to press to early and predicted wrongly that Dewey would defeat Truman in 1948 Left: Truman Doctrine political cartoon. Can you find all the symbolism?
Q1. What was the containment theory and why was it necessary? Pause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) (save the answer for later use)
Mao Zedong was the leader of communist China from 1943 to 1976 NATO, Warsaw Pact, 1949
The border between North and South was at the38th parallel before the war, and remained there afterwards
Rosa Parks arrested for refusing togive up her bus seat to a white man
Q2. Give an example of how desegregation led to violence.Pause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) (save the answer for later use)
The Cold War Heats Up Kennedy Becomes President in the Election of 1960 The election of 1960 saw the first ever televised debates. According to the American public that watched the television, JFK was the clear winner; for those who listened on the radio, NixonKennedy Giving His Inaugural Speech was the clear winner.
The Cold War Heats Up: Berlin WallLeft: Berlin Wall infront of theBrandenburg Gate inBerlin, Germany
Bay of Pigs Cuban Missile Crisis The failed invasion was an embarrassment toJFK’s administration and led Castro to believe theUS would attempt another take over of the island
Peaceful Protests Not the Only Way Malcolm X had a different ideology than Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. His ideology was to take power by force and reclaiming pride and masculinity.
Civil Rights Movement ContinuesJFK AssassinationLBJ signs Civil RightsAct of 1964
Civil Rights Movement ContinuesCesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers
Q3. How were the ideologies of MLK and Malcolm X different?Pause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) (save the answer for later use)
The Cold War Space Race Sputnik NASA
Vietnam War and protestsNixon wins the Presidency
The Space Program Vietnam Ends Left: Singer and songwriter John Lennon Below: Gravesites of Vietnam VetsNeil Armstrong was the first manon the Moon, July 16, 1969. “That’sone small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Q4. Give 3 reasons why 1968 was a very tumultuous year.Pause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) (save the answer for later use)
Policy of Détente Scandal in the Presidency Ford is the only president to never be elected to the Vice-Presidency nor PresidencyNixon was the first President to visit the Soviet Union since the iron curtain fell; pictured here with Brezhnev
Cold War EndsConservative Agenda Reagan Revolution“Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”
Q5. What was the “Reagan Revolution”?Pause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) (save the answer for later use)