Geography of Africa A satellite picture of Africa atnight. . . What does the light, or lack thereof, tell you about Africa? Photo Citation: bcnn5.com
Physical Features of Northern AfricaAtlantic Ocean to the Red SeaMediterranean to the North, Sahara to the South
Physical Features: Sahara Desert – largest hot desertErgs of the SaharaRegs of the Sahara
Physical Features:The Nile River Above: The Nile is like an oasis in the desert Top Right: For centuries, farming has been a major way of life around the Nile Bottom Right: The Nile flows north, as the delta empties into the Mediterranean Sea; the Sinai Peninsula to the east
Resources Crops of wheat, barley, olives, grapes, citrus fruits, and cotton Fishing Oil and Gas Iron Ore and Minerals Copper, Gold, and SilverAbove: An oil refinery in Libya
Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q1. What are ergs and regs and where would you find them in Northern Africa?
Pyramids and hieroglyphics left by the Ancient Egyptians Northern Africa History European control in Africa
A fellahin of Egypt Northern Africa Today People and Cities Casbah of Algiers in AlgeriaEgypt’s capital city, Cairo Free port of Carpet making is one of the Tangier in oldest crafts of Egypt’s textile Morocco industry
Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q2. Where can you find a free port in Northern Africa? What is the advantage of a free port?
Coastline and ForestThe Sahel RegionWestern Africa Landforms and Climate The Sahara DesertPhysical Geography The Savanna
Physical Geography: Resources Resources Include: diamonds, gold, iron ore, manganese, bauxite, and oil Staple Crops: millet and sorghum Other Sources of Income: fishing, cotton
History and Culture: The Slave Trade
History and Culture: Colonial Era and Independence Late 1800s – Many European countries compete for colonies 1820s – Liberia remained free as the Americans set it up as a home for freed slaves 1950’s and 1960’s – Many colonies gain independence in western Africa 1974 – Portugal finally gives up its western Africa colonies
History and Culture: Challenges Ethnic Rivalries Health Conditions
History and Culture: Culture Traditional Clothing/RobesRural home in West Africa Animism Worship
Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q3. What is malaria? Why is it a problem?
Physical Geography: From East to West
Physical Geography: Traveling FurtherEast Great Rift Valley Mt. Kilimanjaro Lake Victoria Blue and White Nile
Left: A drawing of the Kongo Kingdom Below: European colonization mapHistory and Culture Left: A group of slave children aboard the “Daphne Right: European colonization map
Modern Eastern and CentralAfrica
Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q4. What is a rift? What unique physical feature does Africa have related to rifts?
Physical Features of Southern Africa: Deserts to WaterfallsAbove: Kalahari, Top: Namib Waterfalls of Southern Africa
Kimberly Diamond Mine in South AfricaPhysical Features: ResourcesGold, diamonds, platinum, copper, uranium, coal, iron, crops,livestock, herders
History and Culture: European Control Top Left: Afrikaner commandos Top Middle: Gathering ivory Top Right: Colonization of Africa Bottom Left: Digging for diamonds Bottom Right: Political cartoon showing imperialism
South Africa’s Recent PastRacial Divisions Left and Bottom Right: Examples of Apartheid TopRight: Young Nelson Mandela
South Africa’s Recent Past:Pressures Against South Africa Independence from Europe End to Apartheid Nelson Mandela Elected
Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q5. Virtually all of Africa was once colonized by countries from which continent? It wasn’t until after which major war that the African countries started to gain independence?