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World War I (pt. 1 of 3 part series)

World War I (pt. 1 of 3 part series)



Introduction to World War I (this is part 1 in a series for 11th grade U. S. History)

Introduction to World War I (this is part 1 in a series for 11th grade U. S. History)



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    World War I (pt. 1 of 3 part series) World War I (pt. 1 of 3 part series) Presentation Transcript

    • Bellringer- SPI 7.3• A major goal of reformersduring the Progressive Erawas toA. end segregation in theSouthB. correct the abuses of bigbusinessC. limit immigration fromLatin AmericaD. enact high tariffs to helpdomestic industry grow5/16/2013 1
    • World War ILecture I5/16/2013 2
    • TN Curriculum Standards:• 1.0-Understand the social tensions and theirconsequences after the turn of the century.• 4.0-Understand the governmental policiesthat affected America and the world duringthe 1890s-1930s.• 5.0- Understand the role of the United Statesin world affairs.5/16/2013 3
    • 4 Years/ 8.5 Million Casualties5/16/2013 4
    • Reasons 4 WarWorld War I was fought for 4 MAINreasons:• Militarism• Alliances• Imperialism• Nationalism5/16/2013 5
    • Forming AlliancesGermany had quickly becomeone of the most powerfulnations in the world.*Prussia helped Germanyrecover land that had beentaken by the French.This made Germany andFrance bitter enemies.• Germany knew that theyneeded to form allianceswith other countries toprotect their interests.• They formed what isknown as the TripleAlliance.Triple Alliance-• Germany• Italy• Austria-Hungary(G. I. A.)5/16/2013 6
    • TRIPLE ALLIANCE5/16/2013 7
    • Russia Makes FriendsThe Triple Allliance made Russia nervous.Russians feared that the combinedstrength of the new alliance would pushthem to try to take over Russianterritories.Russia and Austria-Hungary were bitterenemies.To protect their interest, Russia decidedto form their own alliance with France.It would later come to include GreatBritain and the U. S.- the Triple Ententeor “Allies”• (G.R. U. F. )5/16/2013 8
    • MILITARISM• Both set of alliancesencouraged militarism.• militarism- theaggressive build up ofarmed forces tointimidated andthreaten other nations.5/16/2013 9
    • ARMS RACE5/16/2013 10
    • ARMS RACEGermany began building up their navy- this caused greatconcern for Britain who at the time had the best navy.Great Britain and Germany began competing to buildwarships.The Brits competition with the Germans madethem come closer to signing an alliance withRussia and France.5/16/2013 11
    • British Navy5/16/2013 12
    • NATIONALISM• Nationalism began to spread across Europearound this same time.• -nationalism-a feeling of intense pride in one’shomeland, culture, or beliefs.• -As a result of nationalism, lands and peoplethat had been conquered because ofimperialism began to rebel. These peoplebegan to push and fight for theirindependence.5/16/2013 13
    • NationalismThe ethnic groups that had been conquered by Austria-Hungary hatedthe Germans and the Hungarians.They rebelled against them at every chance they got. Out of all of theethnic groups (Czechs, poles, Bosnians, Ruthians, Jews, Gypsies,…etc.) that were rebelling, the Serbians got their independence first.-The Serbians wanted to take Bosnia, but Austria-Hungary annexed it.5/16/2013 14
    • THE BLACK HANDS• A Serbian terroristgroup named the BlackHand, began to comeup with ways to punishAustria Hungary.• The Black Handsadvocated violence andeven used mailboxbombs to terrorize theirenemies.5/16/2013 15
    • Franz Ferdinand-As he was riding through the streets, a Serbian nationalist (GavriloPrincip) shot and killed him. His wife was also shot to death.*Franz Ferdinand was actually sympathetic to the Serbians.In June 1914, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne Archduke FranzFerdinand, traveled to the capital of Bosnia.5/16/2013 16
    • DRAWING A LINE IN THESANDAustria-Hungaryimmediately blamedSerbia. They issuedSerbia a 14 pt. ultimatumthat they knew Serbiawould never agree to.As expected, Serbia didnot agree. Austria-Hungary declared war onSerbia.Since Serbia was alignedwith Russia and Austria-Hungary with Germany,all of the alliance systemsentered into the war.5/16/2013 18
    • Germany’s Agenda (Schlieffen Plan)Germany’s plan was to launch a quick strike against France andknock them out of the war.In order for them to pull this off, they would have to go throughBelgium.The only problem with going through Belgium was the fact thatBelgium was neutral.Britain had promised the Belgians that they could remain neutral.When Germany stormed through Belgium, this immediately madeBritain declare war on Germany.5/16/2013 19
    • SCHLIEFFEN PLAN5/16/2013 20
    • nEw aLLIANcES• Italy switched sides andjoined the Allied Powers(Great Britain, France,Russia, Italy, and laterthe U. S.).• The Central Powerswere made up ofGermany, Austria-Hungary, the OttomanEmpire, and Bulgaria.5/16/2013 21
    • AN UNEXPECTED ATTACK!• The battle in France did not goquite the way the Germansexpected. They had anadvantage over the Britishand the French, but werestunned when Russia invadedGermany.• They did not anticipate theirbeing able to mobilize soquickly.• They were forced to pull someof their troop from the battlein France to help fight againstthe Russians in Germany. Thisweakened the German force inFrance.5/16/2013 22
    • No Clear Winners• This gave the Alliedforces a chance toadvance.• Both sides wereeventually locked in astalemate in thetrenches (lasted about 3years).5/16/2013 23
    • THE HOME FRONT• President Wilson was determined to keep the U.S. out of the war. He declared the U. S. to beneutral.• Americans, particularly immigrant groups beganto take sides with their home countries. OtherAmericans sided with the Allied Powers becauseof the strong ties to Britain.• Americans began to urge President Wilson tobegin building up our military in case weeventually got drawn into the war.5/16/2013 24
    • THE HOME FRONT• Publicly, Wilson proclaimed that he wasneutral, but his sympathies were really withthe Britain and France.• They shared a similar culture, language, andideals about liberty. Germany was moremilitaristic in leadership.• Wilson knew that America was a nation ofimmigrants. He worried about how the war inEurope would affect their loyalties.5/16/2013 25
    • Divided We Fall?• Although we weren’tofficially in the war,American businessesbegan to loan billions ofdollars to the AlliedPowers.• Americans in theMidwest loanedmillions to aid theGermans.5/16/2013 26
    • BRITISH PROPOGANDAThey mostly described how brutal and wretched the Germanswere.*The British cut the telegraph cable from Europe to the U. S. This allowedthem to control all of the news that America got about the war.They used propaganda(information designed to influence opinions).The British routinely came up with ways to draw theAmericans into the war.5/16/2013 27
    • BritishPropaganda• The British labeled theGerman ruler KaiserWilhelm II as “the MadDog of Europe” andthe “Beast ofBerlin”.5/16/2013 28
    • British Propaganda5/16/2013 29
    • British Naval Blockade• Since Britain’s Navy had control of the seas,they had no trouble setting up a blockade ofGermany.• The U.S. was furious about the blockadebecause it cut off their trade with Germany.• In reality, the blockade had little economiceffect on the U.S. because the supplies wewere exporting to Britain to support their wareffort increased by 400%.5/16/2013 30
    • Supplying the Brits• The U.S. was exporting food, clothing, steel,and munitions to Britain.• This was enough to pull the U.S. out of therecession that it had been in before the war.• Supplying Britain with resources wouldalienate Germany.• They would soon retaliate by sinking shipsheaded for Britain.5/16/2013 31
    • Check 4 Understanding• At the beginning of World War I, PresidentWoodrow Wilson followed a traditional UnitedStates foreign policy byA. refusing to permit trade with either side inthe conflictB. sending troops to aid Great BritainC. declaring American neutralityD. requesting an immediate declaration of waragainst the aggressors5/16/2013 32