1Name_________________________________________________Date_________________Imperialism- Chapter 7-By the late 1800s, Americans began to set their sights on lands ______________. Before, theconcern was rebuilding the _________ and expanding in the ________.-Before the U. S. even thought about expanding abroad, ____________ nations had alreadybegun the process.-imperialism-__________________________________________________________________________________________________________-Reasons for imperialism:* the demand for ________ _____________________ for factories (raw materials came from avariety of places)* the desire to get around other countries’ ______________ (price each country paid to dobusiness on another country’s soil- most of the more industrialized nation looked for overseasterritories to keep from having to pay high tariffs)*____________________ _________________________-European countries began investing money in ___________ and ______________. Both hadan abundance of raw materials.*To protect their investments, they began to establish __________________ and_____________________ in these territories (basically gave them political and economiccontrol of these areas)—Remember to mention King Leopold and the Congo.
2-Americans began to take notice of this overseas expansion and wanted in on the action(Remember Manifest Destiny from our chapter on the West- Manifest Destiny said that it is our
3“destiny” to conquer these lands or territories. Supporters of this theory believed that it waswhat The ____________ intended for them to do).-Americans began to use the whole “survival of the fittest” (Social Darwinism) theory to justifytheir wanting to expand overseas.-The idea of __________________________________ surfaced. Anglo- Saxonism said that onlyEnglish- speaking nations were superior in ______________________, _____________, andsystems of ________. Nations that didn’t fit this characteristic were believed to be_____________________. Again, we used the Manifest Destiny theory….Americans said that itwas our “destiny” to bring civilization to these lesser nations.-The desire to expand and the need to protect our overseas markets led to the cries for ourown _________________ __________. We realized that if we did acquire bases overseas wecouldn’t trust European nations to protect our interest.AMERICAN EXPANSION IN THE PACIFIC-American businesses had been trading in East Asia long before we actually began trying toacquire territory.-Americans were already trading with ___________, but we also wanted to trade with_______________. The problem with that was….Japan didn’t want to trade with us. They onlyallowed trade with the _____________________ and the ______________.*They ____________ __________ the West- thought that trading with us would lead to theirdestruction.-U. S. Congress members were so upset by Japan’s not wanting to trade with us that theypressured the president_______________________________________________________________. CommodoreMatthew C. Perry was sent to Japan to see if he could “negotiate” a trade treaty.*Commodore Perry took _____American warships to Japan- The Japanese were so impressedby the __________________ and the _________________________ on the steamships thatthey signed an agreement with us agreed to trade. The treaty also included a “truce” betweenthe two nations as well as a promise to_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4-As a result of this trade, Japan built their own powerful Navy and began conquering territoriesabroad (This is known as Japanese imperialism).ANNEXING HAWAII-This open trade in Asia brought on the need for ports to _____________ and ____________(before they crossed the Pacific Ocean).*Americans negotiated a deal and got permission to open a base in the Samoan Islands (in theSouth Pacific), but they also had their sights set on ________________.-American settlers had already found out that Hawaii’s climate and fertile soil was perfect forgrowing ____________________. Businessmen from America jumped on this and beganestablishing plantations there.-When Hawaii’s economy hit a recession, Americans worried that they might have to seek helpfrom either the _____________ or the French, so we_______________________________________________.*The U. S. signed a treaty saying that Hawaii sugar would be__________________________________________________. When the treaty expired, the U.S. refused to renew it without Hawaii promising to give us exclusive rights to the____________________________________________________.
5*The treaty benefitted both Hawaii and the U. S. Hawaii’s economy hit a boom and Americanbusinessmen profited greatly from their sugar plantations there.-Before long, American businessmen in Hawaii began putting pressure on the Hawaiian king to________________________________________________________________________. Yes,you read that right. At the same time, sugar planters in the U. S. began receiving________________---these subsidies made Hawaiian sugar higher than sugar that was grown inthe U. S.*The American businessmen in Hawaii began hatching a plan to make Hawaii an_________________________________________.---this was the only way they saw increasingtheir sales.-When Queen Liliuokalani took the throne in Hawaii, she began trying to ________________the businessmen’s influence—She distrusted them and saw their influence as detrimental tothe Hawaiian way of life.*She tried to establish a new ____________________ giving her more power as ruler. TheAmerican planters were so upset by this that they__________________________________________________. Again, yes, you read that right.*____________________ were called in and the Queen was__________________________________________________. After she was thrown from thethrone, they set up __________ ______ government and began asking for the U. S. to_________ Hawaii.-Grover Cleveland was president at the time. He was against imperialism altogether anddefinitely against what had just happened in Hawaii. He even tried to return the Queen topower. The Senate knew that President Cleveland would never support annexing Hawaii, sothey ____________________________________________________________. Hawaii wasannexed __ years later.Pan- AmericanismAssignment: Read the excerpt below from the article Many Thousands of Native HawaiiansSign a Protest to the United States Government Against AnnexationThe San Francisco Call andrespond to the following questions.“The minister closed and a deep murmuring "Amen" from the people followed.
6I watched Mrs. Emma Nawahi as she arose to address the people. I have never heard twowomen talk in public in quite the same way. Would this Hawaiian women be embarrassed ortimid, or self-conscious or assertive?Not any of these. Her manner had the simple directness that made Charlotte Perkins Stetson,two years ago, the most interesting speaker of the Womens congress. But Mrs. Stetsons poseis the most artistic of poses - a pretense of simplicity. This Hawaiian womans thoughts were ofher subjects, not of herself. There was an interesting impersonality about her delivery that keptmy eyes fastened upon her while the interpreter at my side whispered his translation in short,detached phrases, hesitating now and then for a word, sometimes completing the thought witha gesture.""We are weak a people, we Hawaiians, and have no power unless we stand together." readMrs. Nawahi frequently raising her eyes from her paper and at times altogether forgetting it."The United States is just - a land of liberty. The people there are the friends - the great friendsof the weak. Let us tell them - let us show them that as they love their country and would suffermuch before giving it up, so do we love our country, our Hawaii, and pray that they do not takeit from us."Our one hope is in standing firm - shoulder to shoulder, heart to heart. The voice of the peopleis the voice of God. Surely that great country across the ocean must hear our cry. By uniting ourvoices the sound will be carried on so they must hear us."In this petition, which we offer for your signature today, you, women of Hawaii, have a chanceto speak your mind. The mens petition will be sent on by the mens club as soon as the loyalmen of Honolulu have signed it. There is nothing underhand, nothing deceitful in our way - ouronly way - of fighting. Everybody will see and may know of our petition. We have nothing toconceal. We have right on our side. This land is ours -- our Hawaii. Say, shall we lose ournationality? Shall we be annexed to the United States?”1. By the tone of this speech, how do you think that most of the Hawaiians felt aboutannexation?2. What is the irony in the speaker’s calling America “the friend of the weak” (as it applies tothis particular situation)?