America declares war
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America declares war Presentation Transcript

  • 1. America Declares WarDecember 8, 19415/16/2013 1
  • 2. 5/16/2013 2
  • 3. TN Curriculum Standards:• 3.0-Identify the countries affected by thetotalitarian states and their acts of aggressionand expansion considering geographiclocation.*Identify the various theaters of war duringWWII.• 5.0-Understand the changing dynamics ofAmerican life during WWII.5/16/2013 3
  • 4. Student Performance Indicators (SPI)• 8.7-Recognize WWII alliances.• 8.8-Analyze how WWII affected the Americaneconomy (women in the workforce,movement to urban centers, minorityemployment, post war G. I. Bill, rationing,childcare)• 8.10- Evaluate the impact of the ManhattanProject.5/16/2013 4
  • 5. War Production• After the bombing ofPearl Harbor, FDR wasdetermined tooverwhelm the Axispowers with both oursuperior militaryequipment and thespeed in which wecould produce them.• Factories suspendedproduction on theirregular contracts likepassenger cars andhousehold items andbegan manufacturingtanks and airplanes.• War production wasincreased to recordsnever seen before inthe history of the U.S.5/16/2013 5
  • 6. 5/16/2013 6
  • 7. War Production• The federal governmentspent more than $100billion on contracts forwar supplies.• At this time, the U.S. hadmore jobs than theyactually had workers tofill the jobs.• The government gavecontracts to companieslike General Electric andU. S. Steel.• The increase in jobs led toan increase in Unionmembership althoughthey agreed to not launchany strikes during the war.• No one wanted to doanything to halt warproduction.• The ramp in productioncame to a total of over$304 billion.5/16/2013 7
  • 8. Military Production• The United Statesproduced: 300,000airplanes 80,000 tanks 7000 ships 3 million vehicles Billions of bullets5/16/2013 8
  • 9. 5/16/2013 9
  • 10. Fight On!!!!• The attack on PearlHarbor destroyed most ofthe U.S.’s Pacific fleet.• This left us unable tosuccessfully defendourselves from theJapanese in the Pacific.• Hitler’s u-boats weresuccessfully sinkingAmerican ships in theAtlantic.5/16/2013 10
  • 11. Battle in the Pacific• Japan’s military strategistAdmiral Yamamotobelieved that the way todefeat the Americans wasto launch an all-outdefensive in the southernPacific.• They struck U.S. airfieldsin the Philippines andcaptured bases on Guamand Wake Island.• The British naval base ofSingapore alsosurrendered to theJapanese.• Japan needed a completetakeover of thePhilippines before theycould claim completedomination in theSouthern Pacific.5/16/2013 11
  • 12. Admiral Yamamoto5/16/2013 12
  • 13. Japanese conquer of the Philippines• The Japanese attack onthe Philippines inJanuary of 1942 forcedAmerican GeneralDouglas MacArthur toretreat to the BataanPeninsula .• In the BataanPeninsula, the troopsheld out for more than3 months.• The lack of food andsupplies drove them toeat their cavalry horsesand mules.• Diseases like malariaand dysentery ranrampant.5/16/2013 13
  • 14. The Bataan• FDR couldn’t risk having General DouglasMacArthur captured, so he had him escape toAustralia.• His capture would have destroyed moraleboth at home and abroad.• Upon surrendering, 78,000 prisoners of warwere forced to march 65 miles to a Japaneseprison camp. 10,000 troops died along theway5/16/2013 14
  • 15. Japanese Domination• Before the march, thesoldiers were alreadymalnourished, sickly, and fatigued.• Female Allied nurseswere also captured.They remained inManila until 1945.5/16/2013 15
  • 16. Bataan Death March5/16/2013 16
  • 17. Japanese Imperialism• Japan went on toconquer the oil-richDutch East Indies.• In comparison to theU.S.’s ships, Japan’sships were“larger, faster, and moreheavily armed”.• They routinely out-performed Americanships.5/16/2013 17
  • 18. The Doolittle Raid• After American defeatin the Philippines, FDRknew they needed amilitary strategy thatwould raise morale.• He wanted to bombTokyo (capital ofJapan), but Americanplanes needed aircraftcarriers to get themclose enough to do thejob.5/16/2013 18
  • 19. Preparing to attack Tokyo• American aircraft carrierswould have to get aroundJapanese ships that werealready stationed in theNorth Pacific in order tocomplete the mission.• The military decided toreplace the short- rangebombers that theynormally used with long-range B-25s.5/16/2013 19
  • 20. Firebombing Tokyo• The problem with usingthe long-range B-25s wasclear immediately.• They could take off fromcarriers, but they couldnot land on thembecause their decks weretoo short.• If they attackedJapan, they would have toland in China.• FDR assigned Lt. ColonelJames Doolittle the taskof coordinating thebombing of Tokyo.• The aircraft carrier namedHornet was loaded with16 B-25s.• America firebombedTokyo April 18th .• This was the 1st timeJapan had been bombedby America.5/16/2013 20
  • 21. 5/16/2013 21
  • 22. April 18, 1942-Doolittle Raid overTokyo• The mission to bombTokyo was so secretivethat the Commandingofficer wasn’t informed ofthe mission until the B-25s were being loaded.• While the damage wasn’tas extensive as the U.S.would have liked, it wasstill enough to infuriateand embarrass theJapanese.5/16/2013 22
  • 23. Japan Strikes Back• After the attack on Tokyo, the Japanesedecided to cut the American supply lines toAustralia.• In order to do this, they would have to alsocapture the southern coast of New Guinea.• Admiral Yamamoto wanted to attack the lastAmerican base in the North Pacific- Midway.• He wanted a battle with the American fleetbecause he believed Japan to be superior.5/16/2013 23
  • 24. Japan’s military strategy5/16/2013 24
  • 25. Battle in the Pacific• Japan believed thatdestroying the U.S.’sfleet was the only wayto protect Tokyo fromfurther bombings.• Japan assigned only 3aircraft carriers toattack New Guinea.They rest weredispatched to Midway.5/16/2013 25
  • 26. Battle of the Coral Sea• Japan was confident in proceeding with thesetwo battles because they thought that theiroperations were top-secret.• They did not know that American code breakersin Hawaii had already deciphered their secretcode.• American carriers met the Japanese on the CoralSea and prevented them from landing on NewGuinea– this enabled them to keep their supplylines open.5/16/2013 26
  • 27. Battle of the Coral Sea5/16/2013 27
  • 28. Battle of Midway• Admiral Nimitz (American fleet) ordered hiscarriers to the Central Pacific after learning aboutthe plan at Midway.• From June 3rd to June 6th, American naval shipsand planes dealt devastating blows to theJapanese navy.• This turned the tide in the Pacific. The Japanesewere at a disadvantage, but they still held strongto other places that it had conquered.5/16/2013 28