Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes
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Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes

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Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 9 Section 2 Notes The Bill of Rights
  • Chapter 9 Section 2 Terms
    • Petition
    • Search Warrant
    • Due Process
    • Indict
    • Double Jeopardy
    • Eminent Domain
  • The First Amendment
    • James Madison helped the Constitution get ratified by adding a Bill of Rights
    • The Bill of Rights protects our “essential liberties”.
    • The rights granted to us in the First Amendment are:
      • Freedom of Religion, the government cannot support one religion over another
      • Freedom of Speech and Press, gives people the right to express their own opinions but does not allow chaos-provocation/threatening/lying, etc.
      • Freedom of Assembly and Petition, allows citizens to address their government with concerns by gathering peacefully or submitting and formal request ( petition ).
  • The Second Amendment
    • The provides for the “Right to bear arms”, meaning that citizens have a right to protect themselves and their country.
    • It also sets up “Militias”, which today is The National Guard for individual states.
  • The Third and Fourth Amendments
    • The Third prohibits the military from forcing citizens to provide housing for soldiers.
    • The Fourth makes “unreasonable searches and seizures” illegal, and says that authorities need to have a search warrant , or judge’s order, to search you or your property.
    • Both of these amendments were responses to things that happened under the British.
  • The Fifth Amendment
    • This says that a court cannot indict , or charge, someone with a crime without enough evidence.
    • It also says that a person doesn’t have to testify against him/herself at their trial.
    • Anyone found not guilty for a crime cannot be tried for the same crime later, which is called double jeopardy .
    • The last part of this amendment states that the gov cannot take someone’s property unless by eminent domain , meaning the gov will take your property to further public interest (think building a highway)
  • The Sixth and Seventh Amendment
    • The Sixth says that a person must have a quick trial and know exactly what they are accused of, that way people are wasting away in prison for an unknown reason.
    • The Seventh says that juries can decide civil cases between people (like arguments over property or borrowing money without paying it back). Civil means not criminally related.
  • The Eighth Amendment
    • Prohibits “cruel and unusual” punishment
    • States that people can post bail to get out of jail until their trial starts
    • Prevents juries from setting bail amounts too high
  • The Ninth and Tenth Amendment
    • The Ninth states that people still have rights that may not be explicitly listed in the Constitution, (like education).
    • The Tenth Amendment says that the states and people have all powers that are not SPECIFICALLY given to the central government. It balances power between the state and national government.