Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes
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Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes

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Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 10 Section 1 Notes Laying the Foundations of Government
  • Chapter 10 Section 1 Terms
    • Electoral College
    • Precedent
    • Judiciary Act
  • Choosing the President
    • Washington was uneasy about being the nation’s leader
    • Americans looked up to him for his honesty and character
    • In 1789 after the ratification of the Const., the states unanimously elected Washington as president
    • The electoral college was a group selected by state legislatures to represent the popular vote (although sometimes to the electoral college will vote differently if they think the public chooses poorly)
  • Republican Motherhood
    • Abigail Adams wanted women to have a bigger role in government
    • The idea of a Republican Motherhood said that women needed to teach their children to be good citizens (although education for boys and girls was very different)
  • Life in the New Republic
    • The vast majority lived on the countryside as farmers
    • Cities started to grow through trade and industry
  • Setting Precedents
    • The government was in a “experimental” period, because Washington was the first president ever
    • Precedent - an action or decision that serves as a later example
    • Washington set almost all of the presidential precedents: two year term, name “Mr. President”, demeanor
  • Washington’s Cabinet
    • Washington set up the first executive departments, the leaders of which served in a cabinet to advise him
    • Jefferson was Sec’y of State
    • Hamilton was Sec’y of Treasury
    • Henry Knox as Sec’y of War
  • Establishing Federal Courts
    • Washington also set up the Judicial branch
    • The Judiciary Act creating a federal court system with three levels: district, appeals, Supreme